Academic Master

Criminology

Public Policy Implications and Crime Prevention Strategies

The public policy implications and crime prevention strategies related to different criminological theories and types of crime

Public policy is based on a number of different theories which have helped in understanding the different types of crimes and the ways by which crime prevention strategies are built and implemented. The most prominent criminological theories being presented by sociologists and criminologists are the trait theory, choice theory, social process theory, social structure theory, and developmental theory. They are specifically designed to contribute to the formation of the social strategy. The main aim of these theories is to eliminate crime from society as well as to understand the cases in the court’s procedures.

Specifically, the public policy implications are related to the focus on the general public’s activities. The government and law enforcement departments highly focus on the public and their regular lives including their safety and protection of their belongings. The deterrence theory model explains that there is certainty, severity, and legitimacy which are pointed towards compliance. All of the theories are essential in the implementation of crime prevention strategies related to different criminological theories. The most prominent types of crimes are two. One is highly violent and the others are less violent but are counted in crime and are not forgiven as they cause damage to society and are highly fined.

Personnel opinion about public policy or prevention strategy implication

In my opinion, one of the public policies that make perfect sense is the banning of firearms in public buildings, schools, hospitals, government areas, and crowded places. There are many places like Texas where firearms are allowed and people openly travel and walk with deadly firearms. It is too risky as there would be no idea of the situation change at any time as well as the certainty of living highly decreases to 0% if a gun is seen in someone’s hand in a gathering. There is no connection between keeping deadly weapons in a crowded environment.

In many countries like Great Britain and all over Europe, arms are not allowed to the common public at all. The lives of everyone and more concerned, the innocent and the children are highly important and precious to us which leads to the prevention of arms in public places for the security of everyone including ourselves. This policy highly makes sense and is applied all over the United States.

Public policies of this type help prevent crime

Real-world policies are required for the prevention of crimes from society. There are a number of policies that could be helpful in limiting the arms availability in public places in which the most prominent one is the strict policies against arms. The people will double-check before leaving homes as they would have the fear of being caught with their arms. Moreover, one more policy could also be included in the prevention of arms in public policies which is the strict policies against alcohol. This policy is helpful in making people away from alcohol as much as possible so that nobody would be able to claim against keeping a firearm with him in a public place. Another policy that could be considered to be irrelevant but in a general perspective could be helpful for people to complete their education and to get complete awareness in the collages without being dropped out due to over-age. The policy is to Raise the age or grade for dropping out of school. This policy is helpful to keep an individual for a longer period of time at school.

References

DiIulio, J. J. (1996). Help wanted: Economists, crime and public policy. Journal of Economic perspectives10(1), 3-24.

Roberto, C. A., Swinburn, B., Hawkes, C., Huang, T. T., Costa, S. A., Ashe, M., … & Brownell, K. D. (2015). Patchy progress on obesity prevention: emerging examples, entrenched barriers, and new thinking. The Lancet385(9985), 2400-2409.

Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (2016). The criminal career perspective as an explanation of crime and a guide to crime control policy: the view from general theories of crime. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency53(3), 406-419.

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