The following are stages that the construction project of regency plaza needed to follow
At this stage, a project manager needs to evaluate whether the project should be undertaken or not. He may be forced to carry out a feasibility test (Sears, 2010). When all the players agree to carry out the project the project manager must write a project initiation document.
Project managers must come up with a project management plan. This is meant to guide the execution and control of the project and also the costs, scope, and schedule (Winch, 2010). This involves coming up with a work break down structure, communication plan, and risk management plan
At this stage, the project is carried out (Chitkara, 1998).IT involves assigning resources. Implementing project management plans, updating the schedule setting up tracking systems and completing tasks.
Monitoring and performance
This process happens together with the execution phase. The project manager must ensure that all project activities follow a critical path.
This marks the end of the project. Project managers must ensure that the project has met all the objectives that had been put in place ( Uher, 2003). AT this stage a final budget is carried out on the project
We will first consider the various challenges and benefits that Regency Plaza would have incurred by using either of the following contracts
Lump Sum Contact
If regency plaza had chosen to use the lump sum contract, it would have set some amount of money and pay on lump sum at the completion of the project. With this type of contract, regency plaza would not have incurred any other liability during the construction period. Besides it is effortless to manage large construction projects with this type of contract, on the other hand, the regency plaza would have had limited control over the contractor which in turn would have allowed him to use some sub-standard methods. This type of contracts would also have proven very expensive for regency plaza because the contractor may include some risk payment due to unforeseen circumstances (Chitkara, 1998). To mitigate this, the regency plaza would have come up with its plan on how the project should be carried out and set the standards that need to be used to achieve the goals of the project
If regency plaza had chosen to use this type of contract, it would have paid the contractor amount of expenses incurred as an addition to the profit (Chitkara, 1998). This type of contract leads to high-quality projects. The contractor does not use substandard methods because they will be paid off every expense incurred secondly is that regency plaza would have used a little amount of money as compared to the bidding model (Winch, 2010). However, with this kind of a model, it is not easy for the owner to know how much resources the project will need. This type of contact is associated with a lot of uncertainty. Some time with this type of contract, contractors may become inefficient because at the end they will have to be paid their money. Therefore the regency plaza would have been more strict to ensure efficiency.
Under the guaranteed maximum price contract
If regency plaza had chosen to use this type of contract, it would pay the contractor a guaranteed maximum price that the total fee and the cost cannot exceed. In this type of contract regardless of how the cost of the work will be and the fee charged for the services rendered the regency plaza would not have paid n anything more than that (Winch, 2010). In THIs type of contract, regency plaza would not incur the risk associated with this type of project (Uher, 2003). Just in case the costs of the work becomes high than the guaranteed maximum price the contractor had to compensate for that. However, one disadvantage of this type of contract is that there might arise a disagreement between the client and the contractor about changes in the contract terms that should lead to a difference in the agreed price. This type of contract will be better if regency plaza feels that there are unforeseen occurrences that are scheduled to happen.
Construction management contract
In this type of deal, regency plaza would have allowed the contractor to carry out the various process of the project which includes planning, construction design and commissioning (Uher, 2003). With this type of contract, all the processes that constitute a project are given to a particular contractor. The advantage of this type of contract is that professional services are provided. It also calls for the contractor to be creative enough. With this type of contract, the regency plaza would have had more relief in the project. However, the regency plaza will not have full control of the project, on the other hand, it would have incurred a lot of unnecessary costs. However to mitigate this the regency plaza would have avoided a contract agreement that would have brought negative consequences to him and the project at large.
With this type of contract, the regency plaza would have to award a single contractor for architectural design and construction (Uher, 2003). It is most suited for complicated building projects. Under this type of contract, the contractor would have executed his work based on the design and directions given by regency plaza beside he is never allowed by law to leave any incomplete work. This contractor must meet all the objectives outlined in the statement of work. Before choosing the contactor regency plaza would have vetted him on his qualification, specifications and even price to ensure that he was to carry out the project effectively. However, the owner (regency plaza) may not have the full confidence in the project since he would have to choose his architectural engineer to represent him on the project. With this in mind regency plaza would have lost control in the design process
Lastly is that compared to all another contract I would have recommended regency plaza to consider the design-build contract. This is because design-build would have ensured that the company that is given to execute the construction project is well qualified. It would have also ensured that the project is completed on time and implemented based on the regency plaza directions. It also seems to be more a more economical contract compared to the other types of contract
Significant challenges that need to be addressed before the beginning of a construction project
Statistics have shown that construction industry is one of the biggest industries globally. This industry is faced with a lot of challenges that need to be addressed before the beginning of any construction. These challenges affect labor, performance, sustainability, productivity, and profitability.
One of the challenges that need to be addressed is reduced performance and profitability. Barriers to entry in the construction industry are low with this in mind one expects a lot of competition in this type of a market. On the other hand, A lot of time is wasted in the construction sites waiting for the materials, taking early breaks, planning, and traveling to the area this affects both productivity and profitability (Winch, 2010). The second major challenge is about project performance. There are many upcoming opportunities in the construction industry, and so the projects are also becoming complex, yet the construction companies are making poor profits making it hard for them to keep up with this pace. Designing a project is becoming more complicated since it requires an efficient company. Statistics have proved that more than a half of construction companies have underperformed in some projects. The third challenge that needs to be addressed is lack of skilled labor (Uher, 2003). There is a reduction in the number of workers in the construction industry.
The construction industry is made of people who belong to different generations we have the baby boomers, millennials, generation x, and traditionalists. These entire people are different based on the way they think, behavior and attitudes. Most of the baby boomers are nearing retirement while most of the traditionalists have left the industry. Most of the people who are presently in the construction industry are the millennials with little or no experience at all. Therefore the combinations of people with no experience and the complicated construction projects possess a high risk that every individual need to address before starting any construction project. Lastly is that there is a risk of sustainability (Winch, 2010). This is because the construction industry uses a lot of natural resources in the name growth. Construction also has a great effect when it comes to the environment. These calls for a new approach in planning to ensure that nothing will disrupt construction when it begins
To mitigate this issue, the construction industry needs to migrate from using not only a mobile phone but also complex technology. Digital technologies are the best to use in the current construction industry since they give ideas on how to address weak productivity and profitability, sustainability, lack of skilled labor and poor project performance. The company also needs to ensure that it embraces best practices and proven manufacturing technology. This will also aid in eliminating waste, and increase productivity.
The most effective approach to use to meet on-time delivery of a construction project with low cost and high quality
- Align company-wide strategic goals through an enterprise-wide project management office.
As a manager, I need to identify the strategy that will drive the construction project (Uher, 2003). Without this various teams in the project will not know what we want to achieve and this might pose significant risks to the project. Therefore most construction project needs an enterprise-wide project management office.
- As a manager, I also need to practice better realization and management
After aligning the company’s comprehensive strategy together with the EPMO, I also need to identify, execute and sustain a good realization plan. This realization plan is beneficial in aligning the construction project along with the strategy.
- I also need to bridge the gap between strategy formulation and execution.
In this section one needs to identify those to execute the projects, resources stakeholders and the methodologies to be used .one also need to determine how to implement the project. All these factors need to be taken to account and planned expertly.
- One also needs to ensure that he has enough resources to execute the construction project.
Funds may come from owners or even sponsors.
- As a manager, I also need to ensure I have qualified individuals to execute the project.
This is because project fails or become successful because of the people given the mandate to execute it (Sears, 2010). I should ensure that I have the right contractor in place to execute the project. I should also ensure that the right methodology is applied in the project
- Lastly is that I need to know how to tackle technology and business disruption
I need to ensure that technology is involved in handling the project. This is because if the technology is not involved in the construction project, there might be stagnancy leading to lack of effectiveness
Construction project cost
The cost of a construction project can be dived into three. This includes the initial capital cost; maintain cost and subsequent costs. Each of the three categories has some other cost components. Initial capital cost consists of cost related to land acquisition, architectural design, planning, construction, supervision, insurance, taxes, labor, equipment and office overheads. Maintenance costs consist of costs associated with operating staff, land rent, repairs, renovations, utilities and other expenses. The nature and the amount of each of the costs of this project depends on the size and the nature of a construction project
Work Breakdown Structure
The work breakdown structure explains the work that needs to be performed for the project to be effective (Sears, 2010). It divides the project into work areas while the lowest subdivision is an activity. The lowest level of a WBS should be agreed upon and consistent. It helps in defining the work scope in a project and also it helps in establishing a base where the project can be controlled
Example of a work breakdown structure (WBS)
The following communication chart is necessary to help in a construction project communication. It defines a framework that the project team needs to follow. However, where more clarification is needed in communication, it may not be included in the chart. In this flowchart, the project manager is the one who communicates with the project stakeholders and determines how to proceed with the project.
For one to effectively communicate the reports to stakeholders, he must come up with an effective client communication network. There are three steps to doing this one is by identifying key stakeholders secondly is by creating a management plan and lastly is coming up with a communication plan to stakeholders. There are various things that a project manager must consider while reporting to the stakeholder. One is that he must be aware of their preferences and potential conflicts He does this through considering their construction industries knowledge, language preference, technical proficiency and cultural context. A project manager should also come up with clear default protocols this should include the mode of communication and duration on which communication should. As a project manager, I would ensure that communication to stakeholders about the ongoing of the construction project is made on a daily basis via email. I would also ensure that I meet the stakeholders at the end of every week to communicate on how the construction project is proceeding. A project manager also needs to know how to transfer ideas to information in reporting to stakeholders
Every project has to end. A construction company must make sure that it delivers what it had promised to the client. The stage of completion of a project is usually the most neglected. The most important activities in this stage are acceptance of the project and performing closure of the contract. Also, a project manager must update all the information concerning the project. Once the project managers have updated everything concerning the project, the next thing is to ask for formal acceptance of the project to the stakeholders. The stakeholder usually wants to know whether the project met the objectives that had been set (Sears, 2010 ). The next thing that follows is contract closure this involves meeting the terms of the contact that had been set for the project. It supports the project acceptance since it determines whether the work that had been set out in the contract was met or not. Another thing that happens is releasing the project team. It is not that official, but one should know that at the end of the project the team members should go back to their functional managers and be assigned other jobs. Lastly is that the documents that concern the project should be kept in a safe place where they can be retrieved just in case of any reference. Contract document that can be used in case of a laws suit also needs to be stored safely.
Sears, S. K., Sears, G. A., & Clough, R. H. (2010). Construction Project Management: A Practical Guide to Field Construction Management. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Winch, G., & Dawsonera. (2010). Managing construction projects: An information processing approach. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
Chitkara, K. K. (1998). Construction project management: Planning, scheduling and controlling. New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw-Hill Pub.
Uher, T. E., & Loosemore, M. (2003). Essentials of construction project management. Syndey: University of New South Wales Press.