Chemical separation is an important process in the field of chemistry. It entails different methods and approach that deals with separation of materials that have different properties. Paper chromatography is one of the useful and quick methods of separation of the pigments and the other substances. In this paper, we are going to illustrate the separation of the metal cations in the aqueous mixtures that contain the Fe3+, Cu2+, and Ni2+. On the same paper chromatogram
The steps involved in this experiment include separation of the 19ml of Acetone and the 6ml 8M HCl. Then denote the unknown solution with the letter A and the known solution with the paper chromatography. Run the chromatogram in the 1L beaker.
Results and discussion
The identification of the unknown solution A was through the comparison of the color and the retention factor of a spot produced in the known cations and the sport produced with the unknown mixture. Therefore the retention factor of the cation Fe3+ was obtained from the calculation as shown.
Retention= distance spot run/ distance of the solvent run
The retention factor of the other cations are shown in the table
|Soln Used||Color of the spot||Retention factor|
In the comparison of the results, the unknown solution contains Fe3+ and Cu2+
From the results of the experiment, we can conclude that the identified metal cation of the unknown solution A is correct. Thus, the experiment illustrates the importance of the low-resolution technique that has been used in the identification of the chemical elements in the mixture.