Developing or underdeveloped countries face many sort of issues that can be either political, financial, social or economic (Dirlik, 2018). These problems are faced by the countries first because they are not properly developed, secondly they are on their way to become a developed country which demands many hurdles and bmps on the road. Most of the time, the problems that a developing country face, are because of the reason that they don’t have proper resources.
Lack of resources give rise to the blame game in the third world countries which leads to the power game in which everyone wants to gain power from the other and want to destabilize the other (Przeworski et. al, 1995). We have seen through our own eyes that the developed countries have not been involved in any kind of serious political war but they always tried to make their economy more and more stable so that they can give their citizens a higher standard of living with lastest modes of living.
Whereas if look towards the third wold country, we will come to know that those countries are always remained involved in the political war game in which everyone tried their best to pull the legs of the others and to keep political instability in the country instead of keeping harmony in the country and making their country a peaceful place to live. The major problem that this political war game causes is the instability in the country. The political issues casued by the political parties in the third world countries are stopping these countries from economic progress (Schutz et.al, 1993). Thus ultimately leading these countries towards many economic problems like inflation, unemployment, poor management of the resources and many others.
Yugoslavia, Egypt and India were considered to be the members of the third world after the end of World War II (Przeworski et. al, 1995). This term was introduced for the countries that were lagging behind not only in terms of financial capital but also in terms of infrastructure and human development (Przeworski et. al, 1995). Toay, Latin America, Asia and Africa are considered to be the part of third world contries as most of the countries in these regions are under developed (Dirlik, 2018). Countries of these continents are said to be under developed as these countries are still fighting with the issues like water and sanitation, poverty, low income, population growth and unemployment that is further leading to unrest in the society and less industrialization.
Political instability is the major reason that why some countries that are on the list of the developing countries never come on the list of developed countries. Political instability is the major reason of poverty. Sometimes, political instability can leads to tibaism, ethnic tension or it can also lead to war (Barney, 2004). The war that is fighted between the poor and the rich of country for their rights. We have the live examples of the countries like Afghanistan, Somalia and Iraq who became involved in the long term conflicts never became stable and never take their name out of the list of underdeveloped countries and still these countries have a very little of development. Whereas, countries like Pakistan, India, Srilanka who were once considered to be under developed, tried their best, first of all to end the terrorism from their country, secondly to end the political war game from their countries so that every government can complete the their tenure bringing not only political stability in the country but also economic stability (Gerard, 2006).
There comes a question that how economic stability has a connection with the political stability in the country? The answer to this question is, whenever your country is facing terrorism or poltical instability, no investor will be willing to invest in the country neither foreign nor local (Cevat, 2000). The major thing that a investor wants is to earn profit on the investment. But if your country is facing political instability in the country, that means there is no permanent policy for trading in the country. Everytime, a government take the charge, new policies will be made which will ultimately effect the investor.
Poltical stability lead to prosperity in the country thus paving the path to make the country more developed. We have seen that the countries with developed economies are not facing any type of political instability whereas the countries who are still in the list of either developing or under developed countries are facing a lot of political instability (Gerard, 2006). A study was conducted of this issue and gave the following results (Dirlik, 2018).
Political factors that are affecting development in developing countries
As through the statistics of past study we have come to know that our propositition that “are third world countries more involved in political issues than developed countries” came true and now it is evident that the countries in the list of either developing countries or under developed countries are facing more political instability in their countries instead of the developed countries. Here are some of the expected factors that might be affecting the political instability in the developing countries.
Poor Management: Due to some political factors, some countries despite many of their efforts face poverty and one of the political factor is bad government (Cevat, 2000). The countries where governments are not capable of maintaining the finances and creating the infrastructure for the welfare of the citizens, those countries will definitely face poverty.
Corruption: If you are living in a country, where corruption is inevitable, then you will realize how disheartening, disempowering and frustrated you life will be (Gerard, 2006). Because if you want to do something better for your country you wont be able to do that. Even for your all the legal matters you will have to bribe the authorities. Which will ultimately hinders the way for investment and the investors will hesitate to invest in the country thus leading the way for unemployment, lower standards of living and creating chaos in the society.
As through past studies we came to know that our resesearch question “are third world countries more involved in political issues than developed countries” can be proved true if we successfully make a connection between political instability is causing poor management, corruption and other factors that can hinder the way of a country from development and progress.
A sample size of 300 respondents from different developed and developing countries will be taken. These respondents will be the students of those different countries studying here in different universities. We will use judgmental and convenience sampling technique, and will pick the respondents. The sample will be consisted of 150 males and 150 females. falling in the age bracket of 25 abnd above. An Interview Protocol will be created, consisting of 20 open
ended questions. Interviews will be conducted from each respondent, that will on average take 20-30 minutes per interview. For the record, we will ask the respondent to record the interview either audio or video as oer the convinience od the respondent. We will also try to engage the respondents on call, i.e., the respondents who are from those countires and are somehow known to us.
Political instability is the major reason that why some countries that are on the list of the developing countries never come on the list of developed countries. If we look towards the third wold countries, we will come to know that those countries are always remained involved in the political war game in which everyone tried their best to pull the legs of the others and to keep political instability in the country instead of keeping harmony in the country and making their country a peaceful place to live. Previous studies have shown that the developing countries are more involved in political instability than the developed countries but there were some limitations in thos studies. For further research we will keep some factors in mind on the basis of which we will further conduct our studies andtake an insight about this issue.
Clarke, Gerard. “Non-governmental organisations and politics in the developing world.” The Politics of NGOs in Southeast Asia. Routledge, 2006. 33-56.
Tosun, Cevat. “Limits to community participation in the tourism development process in developing countries.” Tourism management 21.6 (2000): 613-633.
Cohen, Barney. “Urban growth in developing countries: a review of current trends and a caution regarding existing forecasts.” World development 32.1 (2004): 23-51.
Dirlik, Arif. The postcolonial aura: Third World criticism in the age of global capitalism. Routledge, 2018.
Migdal, Joel Samuel, Atul Kohli, and Vivienne Shue, eds. State power and social forces: domination and transformation in the Third World. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Slater, Robert O., Barry M. Schutz, and Steven R. Dorr, eds. Global transformation and the third world. Lynne Rienner, 1993.
Przeworski, Adam, Fernando Limongi, and Salvador Giner. “Political regimes and economic growth.” Democracy and Development. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 1995. 3-27.