Academic Master

Sociology

How Society Maintains And Creates Reality

Peter and Thomas, in their book, describe and link their theories and the so-called symbolic interaction to American sociology. It is a very symbolic link since it started as a promising point for the analysis of the ordinary universal sense of human knowledge. Both Peter and Luckmann were determined to show that fact is socially constructed, which merely means that the objective of the features of the world has retained a shape they have, which is a result of social actions. The other meaning is that the element of the object can be understood through another scheme that is conceptual as well as incommensurable and irrefutable. One of the most enduring contributions which are being made is the one that is created through a social process as well as relations that are iteratively produced by many social as well as individual actions (Berger, 1981).

Apparently, from the beginning, the authors had a conception of knowledge that was not standardized. It is the certainty that phenomena are in real-life situations whereby they possess specific features. The definition of this term has more to do with the degree of subjective confidence an individual has. Additionally, the topic of knowledge, whether it is sociological or philosophical, is an exciting aspect if it sheds light on the cognitive entities that need to be arrived at, as well as formulating the representations of the universe around them. In this book, the authors have tried to explain the sociology of knowledge theory by describing how society maintains and creates reality. The process requires both societal and individual levels (Berger, 1991).

Reality, in its definition, means a particular phenomenon that we can recognize by having our own independent volition. Knowledge indicates that certain aspects are real and have a specific character. Knowledge gets passed as well as accumulated on the understanding of what reality is by society. To analyze our daily lives, the book suggests a phenomenological study that attempts to present a new observation of consciousness. The paper describes the continuation of social interactions, which vary every day as we move forward from here to there. In the book, the importance of knowledge is emphasized in a very significant manner. Language has become a repository for accumulating experiences and meaning. The observation made shows that style has its origin as well as its references from daily life. The bridges observed in the languages and different zones of reality integrate into a significant, temporal and social variation. Therefore, we can say that social fact is a construction that is constructed by a society, which consists of people who work at different levels (Pfadenhauer, 2017).

However, despite the fact that individuals make institutions, it does not give a full definition of what social construction means. My overall assessment then implies an argument that is offered by Luckmann, which I think will be negative. Instead, they are presenting an interpretation of a process of socialization whereby biology is even finished. The book discusses solving mental problem representation a little, but it lacks an assay of social cognition. It has been considered a recurring theme of all the alternative social realities that require a lot of understanding relating to humankind and norms. It is a reality that there are things in society that are inevitable, such as the specific interactions and codes in our community.

References

Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. (1991). The social construction of reality: A treatise in the sociology of knowledge (No. 10). Penguin UK.

Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. (1981). The heretical imperative: Contemporary possibilities of religious affirmation.

Pfadenhauer, M. (2017). The New Sociology of Knowledge: The Life and Work of Peter L. Berger. Routledge.

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