Academic Master

Environmental Science

Environmental Portfolio


Air pollution is one of the most widely discussed issues in the 21 century. Pollution is as a result of different factors such as the volcano, natural fires. Mostly air pollution is caused by human activities, for instance, Cutting down of trees that act as air purifiers and also water catchment areas. Emission of carbon gases that deplete the ozone layer that helps filter toxic rays of the sun that cause seriously. This is a very serious issue as if not well addressed could cause serious environmental and health issues to humanity. The issue of the greenhouse effect that is as a result of increased carbon emission by unregulated industries may also cause global warming.

Personal Impact

Personally, this issue has caused the serious increase in temperatures which has led to increased bacterial and fungi multiplication that has led to diseases both for me and the society I hail from. There is the high increase of smog in the air which is caused by high temperatures and increased ultraviolet radiation. These have caused poor vision on roads that have caused traffic congestion and also increased accidents. Smog has dangerous gasses such as Sulphur oxide which causes irritation on inhalation and also causes respiratory infections. There is an increase in flooding that has caused damage to properties and lives and also that has brought about increased dampness.

Being Part of the Solution

By taking part in creating awareness to the public and also being part of organizations that fight the use of fossil fuels. Avoiding use of plastic materials is also a very important way to deal with air pollution. Use of approved transport vehicles that have decreased carbon emissions and also championing the use of such. Encouraging recycling of certain materials or chemicals could help reduce air pollution. Use of renewable energy and use of natural ways to produce energy like wind, solar and some form of nuclear energy.

Urbanisation and Solid and Hazardous Waste

Urbanization is the moving of people from rural areas to towns in search of better living conditions or employment. Solid hazardous waste is waste that is tested and proven to have certain dangerous traits. Urbanisation and solid hazardous waste are factors that come simultaneously: increased urbanization leads to increased solid hazardous waste due to increasing population. This is an important issue as urbanization leads to increased hazardous waste which is harmful to the population.

Personal Impact

Urbanisation has led to congestion in urban areas which has led to poor living conditions due to increased population. These conditions include high crime rates due to increasing unemployment in urban centers, poor sewer and drainage facilities and uneven distribution of public resources like land etc. Increased hazardous waste has led to poor drainage due to unbiodegradable compounds such as polyethylene papers and plastic materials which block drainage systems causing diseases and giving habitat for the growth of disease-causing microorganisms.

Being Part of the Solution

By having an even distribution of resources such as having jobs creation even in rural areas could lead to decreased urbanization as more people would find it unnecessary to move to urban centers. This will lead to decreased urban congestion hence decrease in solid hazardous wastes. Improving conditions in different parts of the country will lead to decreased urbanization. This may include the introduction of affordable housing condition in the suburbs. Improved public transport and infrastructure may also have a great impact on reducing urbanization as most people move to urban areas due to convenient transport systems. Recycling of waste products like plastic can help reduce solid hazardous waste in the environment. Treatment of sewer water and building of good sewer drainage systems may also reduce solid hazardous waste exposure which.





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