Domestic Violence committed by men against women is an alarming global problem, having physical and emotional consequences . While some face-to-face interactions of the victims in health care has shown improvement potentials, women are not ready to accept help from medical practitioners.
Many survivors of partner violence lose economic security and become practically homeless because they are forced to leave the house to escape violence. Due to this situation, it becomes difficult for a woman and her children to survive. This case discusses my client, who became a victim of domestic violence and decided to leave her house. She then decided to be in a women shelter program, where the victims and their children can get refuge on a short span of time.
According to WHO(2013), the frequency of domestic violence is very alarming in relation to the amount of negative health outcomes for women and children. Research has showed that abused women are at increased risk of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and suicide. Children of these women also experience bad health and developmental effects, whether they are the target of this violent behavior or if they witness it. My client is a victim of the domestic violence which has ended her relationship and was taken in by the Prevention Assistance & Temporary Housing (PATH). Now she wants to enter a training program which will help her get employment, and aid her family, because she is anxious for staying in a shelter system for too long. Informal and formal support for domestic violenced women can help the victims in safety, physical and mental health. But, women adapt private strategies like reframing their experiences and do not disclose what happened with them. Women feel shame or lack of trust while asked about the situation they faced.
Studies have shown that control groups and training programs have a huge impact on the victims of domestic partner violence. Women who received treatment, gained almost 50% improvement compared to those who did not. In this case, the client wants to enter a training program where she can know about the domestic violence better and be able to provide for ther children. She is very anxious about being in a shelter system for a long time, and wants to earn money to be able to have her own living place. In the case for her separation with her batterer, she has no money to provide for her children at the moment. So, actions should be taken to get her in the training program which can lead her to employment. In one study, across 24 comparison groups, 23 where positive and 17 had statistical significance.
In this case, the basic study is on the issue of women affected by domestic violence. This study suggests about a Women’s Domestic Violence Program, which aims in improving and providing shelter to the victims affected by it. Before, women affected by domestic violence were found to be more demotivated and had no faith in life. Women having children were more anxious and disrupted towards surrounding. Women separated from their batterer having no income and medical facilities were found to be looking for a place where they can improve themselves.
As, Bonomi and colleagues showed in a study that, women who were physically or mentally abused get to visit more medical health centers, emergency departments, hospitals, pharmacy, and special care services. The training programs can provide women with a safe environment, where they can improve them selves by disclosing experiences of violence and get a supportive response. So, this can help the client in study, to be able to improve mentally and physically.
Additional Roles and Skills
The main role of training programs and health care systems for women and children, is to provide supportive care and improvement. These groups can also contribute to prevention of violence repetition and eliminating their consequences. They address the problems, such as depression and provide ongoing care for the affected. Training programs also help in preventing violence before it starts, by documenting violence against women, focusing on its health side effects and comparing actions with other sectors. The shelter of domestic violence survivors discussed in this study, had safe refuge and on-site social services for the affectes (García et al., 2015). Education on family safety and awareness about domestic violence is discussed. Special services for the victims are provided such as, furnished apartments, individual and group conselling, house search assistance, parenting classes, follow up services, legal advisory board, and recreational activities.
Additionally, in this study, identification of direct domestic violence should be addressed. Which can be done by, asking every individual about the violence. However, this is only effective if, followed by an appropriate response. Disclosure of violence is only affected, if a woman is asked in a kind and non-judgmental manner. The environment should be safe and secure to make the woman feel protected.
The presence and response to women domestic violence is formed by social norms and ability to discourage and aid violence. Social norms can range across communities and societies, where cultural and religious beliefs can be a cause of dominant thinking. Community level prevention aims to form an environment of equality and non violence. Without such environment, individuals might attempt to change, but practicing such strategy might make difficult or impossible (Berns, 2017).
Individually, women experience the direct impact of violence. Individual behaviors such as faithfulness to men/women gender norms, differentiation to violence, distress of intervention, leads to higher interpersonal violence. One of the most important factors of effective violence prevention is to form inspirational programming. Inspirational programming explains, ideas and examples of the world, we think for ourselves. To absorb inspirational programming, positive vision, equal relation and relationship management is required. To prevent violence against women, everyone should be seen as, a potential agent of change. These agents of change follows the theory, to think analytically about yourself, and about wider, societal norms and behaviors(“Ellsberg, Prevention of violence against women and girls Lancet.pdf,” n.d.).
Women are violently abused mostly in one-to-one interpersonal interactions. These situations are oftenly formed in the family, where they know about the norms and social values of themselves (Jahanfar, Howard & Medley, 2014). For example, there have been surveys around the world, which tell us about the circumstances where men’s violence against women is admissible. This mindset is followed by the views, which blame the woman for violence committed against her, and might come across social and legal obligations. Efforts have been done to change the behavior at the interpersonal level, by making small discussion groups about socialization, gender and violence (Michau et al, 2015). By these groups, women learn assertive skills, communication, and how to form healthy relationships. These type of programs are mostly done by and for women themselves. It also helps them in empowering others, rather than making complementary processes which engage others.
Pertaining to the evidence and practices discussed in the study, it can be said that violence against women can be ended by getting to the root cause of it. Every government sector, institution and individual has a role to perform to eliminate the factors that have made discrimination and abuse tolerable. Moreover, ending violence against women should be acknowledged as not only a moral and social responsibility, but a personal matter each of us must make.
Berns, N. S. (2017). Framing the victim: Domestic violence, media, and social problems. Routledge.
Ellsberg, Prevention of violence against women and girls Lancet.pdf. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.xyonline.net/sites/default/files/Ellsberg,%20Prevention%20of%20violence%20against%20women%20and%20girls%20Lancet.pdf
García-Moreno, C., Zimmerman, C., Morris-Gehring, A., Heise, L., Amin, A., Abrahams, N., … & Watts, C. (2015). Addressing violence against women: a call to action. The Lancet, 385(9978), 1685-1695.
Jahanfar, S., Howard, L. M., & Medley, N. (2014). Interventions for preventing or reducing domestic violence against pregnant women. The Cochrane Library.
Michau, L., Horn, J., Bank, A., Dutt, M., & Zimmerman, C. (2015). Prevention of violence against women and girls: lessons from practice. The Lancet, 385(9978), 1672-1684.