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Biomedical Models Functionality

The biomedical model has been in existence since the mid-19th century. It focuses on biological factors, which exclude environmental, psychological, and social influences. It is regarded to be the leading modern method used by healthcare professionals to diagnose and cure certain health conditions in several Western countries (Wade & Peter, 2014, p. 25).

The biomedical model deals with diseases that are caused by biological factors. However, the advantages of the model are that it increases the life expectancy of the population as the treatment advances. It is very effective in the treatment of various common problems and returning people to a good health state. It is argued that the biomedical model can lead to advanced medical technology, which is required for the treatment of people. Biomedical treatments can also improve the quality of life of individuals suffering from chronic conditions.

There are several disadvantages to the biomedical model, and some of them are that the use of advanced medical technology can be very costly to the government. Therefore, the biomedical model is very expensive. The model does not address factors that caused certain medical conditions like other models do to make sure that a health condition is properly treated. Under the biomedical model, not all health conditions can be cured, but the behavior can be managed. The final disadvantage is that paying for treatment and medication through a biomedical approach can be expensive for an individual patient.

The Social Model Of Health

The social model of health addresses influences which can result in poor health. It is supposed to improve the health and well-being of a person by addressing social, economic, and environmental issues that affect the health of a society. The advantages of the social model of health care: it is the best community approach to preventing illness and disease in society, it addresses a wider influence on health rather than injury and disease, and therefore, it is one of the best models that can be used to address health issues. It is also put a lot of focus on the promotion of health, policies, and the provision of education.

The disadvantages are that though it prevents certain conditions, they cannot be prevented, the model does not promote the development of technology, and therefore, technology is not used to prevent diseases. However, studies have shown that the model does not address everybody’s health condition (Samaha, 2012).

A Holistic Model Of Health

The holistic model of health provides the highest and best quality of health results. Its results are also reliable and accurate compared to other models of health. The disadvantage of the holistic model of health is that computer software is needed to calculate the results.

Bio Psychological Model Of Health

The biopsychological model of health is believed to have been discovered in the 1970s, and it claims that the well-being and health of people depend on the interaction of biological, physiological, and mental factors. It does not contain any detailed explanation for diseases caused by bacteria and viruses. It assumes all illness is a result of mental illness, which is not a fact, and that is its major disadvantage,
Based on research, these healthcare models can be best used in the provision of nursing services within the nursing discipline to provide healthcare services to patients. Biomedical information can be used to understand patients, which is important in taking care of patients without any difficulty.

Orem’s Self Care

Orem’s Self-Care is a care planning framework that was developed between 1959 and 2001. It was developed by Dorothea Orem. The theory means that human beings can be able to adapt to any environment. It states that a human being has the capability to adapt to someone’s environment until she or he becomes acquitted to the environment. Orem’s self-care is focused on homecare services and provides care to individual patients at home. It makes sure that each person is capable of providing personal care (Wayne, 2012).
Neuman system model

It is the nursing theory that is based on the personal relationship to reaction, stress, and reconstitution of factors that are very dynamic in nature. It was developed by Neuman, a professor and counselor. The care plan provides detailed, flexible, holistic, and system-based nursing practices.

Compare And Contrast The Neuman System And Orem’s Self-Care

The Neuman system of care is more detailed, and it provides holistic support to nurses for effective nursing care. Orem’s self-care is the common theory that is practiced in most clinics. The objective of Orem was to define a clear goal of nursing. Newman’s theory describes each client uniquely and provides unique care, while Orem’s self-care can be given in general, and in most cases, clients are not identified uniquely, as done in Newman’s theory. It is evident that the two theories define the nursing concepts, and therefore, they can be best used in nursing practice.


Samaha, A. M. 2012. What Good Is the Social Model of Disability? Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers, 2-45.
Wade, D. T., & Peter, H. 201). Do biomedical models of illness make for good healthcare systems? U.S. National Library for Medicine and National Institution of Health, 2-35.
Wayne, G. 201). Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Theory., 1-34.



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