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Was Colonial America A Land Of Opportunity, Liberty Or Oppression?


The concept of colonialism came through modern Europe’s history. Revolution in the industrial sector made travelling by sea easier for people who wanted to travel even further. Colonial America was a land where there were many opportunities. That’s the land where one can fulfil his dream goals and make his future bright. Colonial America was a land where there was no religious persecution, and someone could achieve religious freedom there. Colonial America was an opportunity for people to live in a cheap place and find their work. However, for those who were brought there by force, that place proved to be a nightmare for them. Slavery was a primary reason behind the movement of people towards colonial America. People came here in the hope of getting a confident and free life, but their goals could not meet that criterion. For some people, a trip to colonial America wasn’t right, and they were sold. Therefore, this colonial America appeared to be a freedom for some people and unprecedented slavery and dispossession for others, which made this land a society of greater diversity.


Native Americans who were being captured were treated as slaves, but unfortunately, that didn’t work anymore. The major reason for people coming towards Colonial America was slavery. Most of the slaves were being imported from West Africa, and they were left with no other choice than to obey an order from their masters. So many colonists started to migrate towards America in the hope of getting a peaceful and better life. Moreover, if someone’s status was not good in other parts of the world, then moving towards colonial America was an opportunity to improve their living standards and status as well. Moreover, indentured servants had an opportunity to go to a land where they could work for themselves and not others.

Colonial America was an opportunity for people who were facing religious problems. Colonial America proved to be an opportunity for someone to get away from religious persecution and acquire religious sovereignty. At that time, Puritans had faith in the fact that from the time they were born, God had already selected them, whether they were damned or one of the saints. They believed that in church, the pew was reserved only for the saints, and they believed that these subjects were damned (McCoy, 2009). So, they decided to leave England in search of a better land to practice their religion. They surveyed many areas and finally settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Democracy is the political and social equality for all individuals. Some parts of colonial America were democratic, while others were typically more aristocratic. In colonial America, those who were not from Ireland, Scotland, or England were treated worse than those who came from Great Britain. Moreover, Native Americans, women, and Africans were set apart from the white males in the colonies and were supposed not to be seen or heard. Places like southern colonies were usually aristocratic because these colonies were run by a limited number of wealthy people (Fogleman, 2014). Pennsylvania was run by the Quaker oligarchies, who had very fine control of the colonial government. In comparison, the democratic societies in colonial America were colonies in the backcountry and New England. Their decision was made by town meetings and by voting on certain issues.


Colonial America was demonstrated to be a land of opportunity and liberty for many individuals, but for some, it proved to be a nightmare. Freedom of living and performing religious acts freely was achieved by many persons, but for some, it was only demonstrated to be slavery. Some states, like the colonies of New England and from the backcountry, were governed by meeting and voting from many individuals, but other colonies, like the southern colonies, were ruled by a bunch of rich people who made decisions only for their better and had no concerns about the problems of others under their rule.


Fogleman, A. S. (2014). Hopeful Journeys: German Immigration, Settlement, and Political Culture in Colonial America, 1717-1775. University of Pennsylvania Press.

McCoy, A. W., & Scarano, F. A. (Eds.). (2009). Colonial Crucible: Empire in the making of the modern American state. Univ of Wisconsin Press.



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