Academic Master

Human Resource And Management

using DFMEA and PFMEA to track improvements

In every process, risks exist, and the use of DFMEA proves useful in identifying such risks. Mostly, the risks arise due to change, which can result due to the emergence of a new product or service. Moreover, change can also occur due to the modification of the existing product or service.

The use of FMEA to identify all the design functions makes it possible to create a correlation between customer needs, and that makes it possible to derive the desired change within the organization in most instances. Most processes fail due to a lack of accountability in addressing key demands (Chang & Wen, 2010). With the help of DFMEA, it is possible to track improvements, and that mostly applies to the support of Risk Priority Number. The approach takes into consideration comparisons before and after RPN. As a consequence, it is feasible to thwart particular challenges that might affect progress.

One of the ISO components that present attributes similar to those of DFMEA is ISO 14971. Critical components of the system include hazardous situations, Hazards, Harms as well as Foreseeable Events. These entities are mostly present in the column header for DFMEA, which makes it possible to understand some aspects of the process. The column Hazard denotes all the potential sources of harm. The part of the foreseeable events is those with elements that every entity can imagine before materialization. The hazardous situation is the circumstances that expose objects. Ultimately, the part harm denotes any form of injury directed towards a person or property in the environment. All the components must work together to achieve a specific goal, which is equally important in fostering success within the organization at any given instance.

On the other hand, PFMEA represents process failure mode effects that an organization finds useful in the identification and evaluation of potential risk failure. Most of these elements of risk can result in failure while addressing critical aspects of the organization. In contemporary society, businesses fail due to a lack of the best approaches to mitigate risk and foster success. The use of PFMEA makes it feasible to determine and evaluate the impact of failure. That brings forth the ability to prioritize the action plans that are available to meet the goals of the organization (Scipioni, Saccarola, Centazzo & Arena, 2002). Certain organizations take part in the production as well as maintenance of matters regarding products before initiating PFMEA steps. Such an approach promotes merely failure within an organization due to a lack of the best tools to manage risks. Moreover, it is imperative to have a plan that will prioritize activities within the organization.

PFMEA relates best to critical aspects of ISO 9001. The first element relates to an improvement of customer focus, which plays a significant role in fostering productivity and making it possible to scale critical aspects of the organization. Leadership involvement is also a crucial element that makes it possible to make everyone comfortable in the organization. Ideally, the instance is key in eliminating any manner of conflict that might prove detrimental to the ultimate success of the organization. PFMEA is process-based and values all the existing operations. As a consequence, it is possible to produce products and services that meet customer demands. That is the best way to enhance customer loyalty within the organization. Ultimately, the existence of a systematic approach to risk management plays a crucial role in improving growth and making it possible to meet the organization’s demands.


Chang, K. H., & Wen, T. C. (2010). A novel efficient approach for DFMEA combining 2-tuple and the OWA operator. Expert Systems with Applications37(3), 2362-2370.

Scipioni, A., Saccarola, G., Centazzo, A., & Arena, F. (2002). FMEA methodology design, implementation and integration with HACCP system in a food company. Food Control13(8), 495-501.



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