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The Cause and Effect of a Disease Known as Breast Cancer


This research paper highlights the cause and effect of a disease known as breast cancer. It aims to discuss the diagnosis and prognosis of the disease.


Breast cancer is a disorder of brain cells that may lead to uncontrollable shaking of your body parts. Since, researchers haven’t established any absolute hereditary or ecological reasons, and no cellular flaw has been associated to this ailment. Genitival factors are playing a crucial role for causing breast cancer in half of all people who have been diagnosed with this ailment.

Being breast aware is as simple as taking care of your attire. To stay healthy we simply need to pay more attention to our breasts. The aim of this assignment is to configure a number of techniques and everyday tasks to check for breast cancer to enable one to prevent the disease in entirety or to catch it in early stages when it’s curable.

Research has shown that “breast cancer is one of the most common cancers that effect women in Hong Kong. It is the third leading cause of cancer death among women after lung and colorectal cancer.” In the past two decades, the incidents of breast cancer has shown an upward Trend. In each year of the past 10 years, there were over 2000 new cases of breast cancer diagnosed and 400-500 women succumbed to the disease.

There is a need to spread awareness among each woman that the danger of having breast cancer increases with age. Another factor of family account of breast cancer is another risk factor that should always be kept in mind. The larger amount of blood relatives with breast cancer the woman has, particularly if the effected relatives are her close family members for instance her mother or sister, the greater the risk for the women to eventually develop breast cancer.

A child born to a parent with breast cancer will be 50% risked with inheriting the responsible gene, but may never actually experience symptoms. Even though breast cancer occurs more often among old women — and symptoms enhance as age increases — it is not a fragment of the usual aging course. So, the exact cause of breast cancer remains to be unidentified. However, with recent research work it may be inferred that breast cancer may be activated by variations in specific parts of the breast.

Moreover, the women’s risks improve and increase further if her affected relatives develop breast cancer at a young age. Some familial breast cancers are caused by inheriting specific gene mutation. These gene alterations increase the risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer. However in western countries only a small number of breast cancer cases are due to gene mutations. But, in Hong Kong genetic testing for breast cancer risk is not yet common.

In addition to kinfolk account of breast cancer; other threat aspects for breast cancer include previous history of breast cancer, ovarian malignancy or endometrial cancer. Various other factors that most of the people are unaware of include

  • Having spot administration at an early age (before age 12)
  • Late Menopause (i.e. after age 55)
  • Having no children are having the first right after the age of 30.
  • History of radiation therapy to the chest area before the age of 30.

Besides taking birth control pills or hormone replacement theory can also increase the risk of breast cancer, but the risk decreases gradually after stopping. Breast cancer risk may also be increased due to Lifestyle related with such as obesity, alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity and not breast feeding.

Currently, mammogram examination is a commonly used method to screen for breast cancer. This screening test uses low dose X-Rays to look for early asymptomatic breast cancers with the view that early diagnosis and effective treatment will prevent the progression of the disease and thereby deaths by breast cancer.

During the mammogram examination, a radiographer takes images of the breasts from two different angles by fixing the breasts between two plates. Evidence has shown that in some Western countries where there is an organized breast cancer screening program, the mortality rate from breast cancer has produced to stop however in Hong Kong currently there is insufficient evidence for or against screening as a solution for breast cancer curing or preventive mechanism in the general female population. Women who have increased risks of developing breast cancer should consult doctors to discuss whether they need to undergo screening.

Evidence from research has also shown that mammogram examinations are never cent percent precise in discovery of breast cancer. Hence, it is essential that women belonging to all age groups should always be breast aware. According to a research from Mayo Clinic “Breast awareness means being aware of how your breasts normally look and feel when you are bathing, getting dressed or lying down and how the breast changes according to the time of your menstrual cycle.” If one is breast aware it can assist each individual in noticing uncommon fluctuations initially so that the patient is able to get medical treatment swiftly.

Women of childbearing age may notice that their breasts feel different during a menstruation cycle. Just before menstruation period, the breasts may feel a bit swollen, tender and lumpy. These are normal physiological changes which disappear after menstruation. Abnormal breast changes refer to a persistent and unusual condition of the breast which includes

  • “Changes In The Breast Size, Shape Or Appearance,
  • Lumps Or Swelling Of All Or Part Of A Breast Or Underarm,
  • Persistent Breast Or Underarm Pain,
  • Dimpling Or Puckering Of The Skin Over The Breast,
  • Or Breast Nipple Retraction (That Is The Nipple Turns Inwards)
  • Bleeding Or Discharge From The Nipple Or Swelling Of The Nipple”

Certain factors can aggravate tremors all of which are mentioned above including heavy breasts and using combination hormone therapy. Breast cancer is diagnosed by doctors by noting the tremors and by exclusion of other sources. Firstly, a doctor conducts a physical test to assess the intensity of your tremors. Then they might also implement various imaging tests, like CT and MRI scans, just to ensure whether you have an underlying illness that’s triggering your cancer.

Although breast pain is regarded as one of the symptoms of breast cancer, the pain can originate from a number of different sources as well such as cyclical premenstrual swelling, wearing an ill-fitting bra, breast infection or inflammation, fibrocystic conditions and injury or inflammation to the chest, bone and cartilage etc. Therefore, if you have, unexplained breast pain, particularly if it’s persistent, you should seek medical advice immediately or as soon as possible.

Even though nipple discharge is thought to responsible for breast melanoma, it doesn’t essentially assert that the woman is a victim of cancer already. “Pregnancy, breastfeeding, intraductal papillomas, mammary duct ectasia, hormonal drugs etc.” can all be the hidden factors at play behind nipple discharges.


There’s no cure for breast cancer since there is no known single sure cause for the disease yet, but the progression of symptoms is slow but sure. Some treatments that may contribute in relieving the symptoms include Preventions, medications, therapies and surgery. Breast cancer can be prevented by avoiding such controllable factors which aggravate the situation. Furthermore, some medications may avert breast cancer from getting worse. One may also engage in physical therapy to enhance muscle coordination and control. Surgery is a last resort when other treatments are unsuccessful. Surgical options in this case are “Breast-conserving surgery (also called a lumpectomy, quadrantectomy, partial mastectomy, or segmental mastectomy)”. The sternness of breast tumor may stay moderately similar or may worsen with time. The cancer might take other areas of your body hostage too.


In the short run, the disease can be treated but can’t be cured except surgically removing the organ itself. Patient can make some adjustments in their life styles to prevent the disease to attacking her in the first place and paying special attention to the guidelines given above. In the long run, the disease has known to take more victims with age. However, it may or may not be transferred through genes. Since the connotations are still being examined, it can’t be declared as hereditary or not. But the chances do rise up of transferring it in generations. Research shows that people with breast malignance are greatly inclined to contribute this disease to their future generations as well.



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