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Economics, Education, Sociology


The use of social media platforms has increasingly become an integral part of the lives of the world’s population according to recent reports. It is estimated that over 2 billion subscribers were active users of the Facebook website by the end of the year 2016 while about 500 million people are also reported to regularly post photos on Instagram which is another popular social media platform on the internet. Another social media platform, which has been heavily used by subscribers all over the world is Twitter with an estimated 300 million active users currently communicating through the connection (Appel & Gnambs, 2017).

Most recently, the President of the United States of America, Donald J. Trump has openly used the Twitter social media platform to communicate to the people of the United States on key national issues. This highlights just how the use of social media has evolved to become a major connecting platform on all levels of interactions and therefore increasingly gaining trust among its huge consumer population (Appel & Gnambs, 2017).

Most subscribers and active users of these social media platforms spend huge chunks of their time accessing social connections which are easily accessible from the comfort of mobile phones and are easily affordable all over the world (Firestone, 2012). Due to the numerous advantages that the platforms offer including instant news updates, free interaction with friends and relatives and their role as a commercial hub by providing internet marketing, it is not surprising that people are increasingly becoming interested in enhancing their self-esteem levels and building on their personal brands (Appel & Gnambs, 2017).

Consequently, the use of the Facebook platform to advance individuals’ self-interests through the posting of personal photos and marketing of their gender has led to the advancement of the culture of narcissism on these social media platforms. When a user gets a huge number of followers when he or she posts a personal photo on their timeline, this obviously one’s self-esteem and this contributes a lot to narcissistic tendencies in such a user in real-life interactions (Appel & Gnambs, 2017).

Narcissist individuals always tend to regard themselves as uniquely talented, remarkable, and very successful compared to their importance. This perceived sense of importance among users of social media has been confirmed in recent studies that have been conducted by various researchers (Appel & Gnambs, 2017).

According to a researcher, Markus Appel, social media platforms provide the best opportunity for narcissist users to advance their agenda. Using these platforms, they can be able to present themselves to other users in the form of posts of personal photos and images to other users and seek to be approved by users who regularly follow their activities online. Social connections especially Facebook provide easy access to a large audience in the form of active users plying their trade online and hence easy for narcissist users to post information with an intention of self-promotion (Appel & Gnambs, 2017). It is possible for them to thoroughly build on their public image using these platforms. Research studies have therefore established the social connection platforms as favourable breeding grounds for the advancement of narcissist character.

Scientists have developed various hypotheses to highlight the extent to which social media platforms contribute to the growth of narcissism among users. Firstly, there is a great belief that narcissists who are extravagantly imposing in appearance visit social media websites more frequently compared to vulnerable narcissists who are characterized by insecurity, low self-esteem, and social isolation (Appel & Gnambs, 2017).

Secondly, scientists assume that there is a more defined connection between the number of friends, self-promoting activities and narcissism on social media platforms compared to other interactive activities that are conducted on these platforms. The third assumption is that there is a clear relationship between narcissistic behaviour on social media platforms and the influences due to cultural affiliations. These assumptions are true from the results of various research studies which confirm that there is a direct relationship between the number of photos uploaded to social media platforms and the likeliness of narcissist traits among the users (Appel & Gnambs, 2017). The findings also discovered that narcissists spend more time active on social media platforms compared to normal users. Markus Appel found out that there exists a strong correlation between social media behaviour and narcissist traits in users from countries such as Austria and the United States (Firestone, 2012).

An example of a narcissistic hashtag cited is Generation Me which has been created on both Facebook and Instagram platforms and provide a favourable environment for users with narcissist tendencies to advance their self-promoting activities. Users who usually like tagging themselves more frequently in posts of photos, regularly update their statuses and tend to have more friends on Facebook have the highest narcissistic tendencies (Appel & Gnambs, 2017). Laura Buffadi who is a researcher at University in Spain observes that typical narcissists use social media platforms to advance their self-interests and inform other users of their current activities.

It is also a common observation that an individual sitting across tables in a conversational meeting is more likely to spend the entire time checking on his or her social media account instead of engaging one in one conversation with physical people present at the meeting (Firestone, 2012).

In conclusion, it is evident that social media platforms encourage self-promotion due to the reason that users are the ones who generate content. Most users use the platforms to boost their self-esteem, seek attention and look special as they offer a rare opportunity for users to display a fictitious expression of themselves. It is more likely for the audience of narcissistic users to think of their lives as happier and more better. It is important to note that the traits of narcissism among are already ingrained by the time they join the social media platforms as studies have proven. According to researcher Shawn Bergman, an individual’s personality is already established at the age of 7 years while the minimum age limit for joining Facebook is 13 years (Firestone, 2012).


Timo Gnambs, Markus Appel. Narcissism and Social Networking Behavior: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Personality, 2017; DOI: 10.1111/jopy.12305

Firestone, L. (2012, November 29). Is Social Media to Blame for the Rise in Narcissism? Retrieved from



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