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Psychopathology of type 2 diabetes: rationale for different oral anti-diabetic treatment strategies

  1. The rationale for managing calcium intake in the case of lactose intolerant patients includes recommending canned salmons, pork, and soy yogurt. Avoidance of any milk such as almond milk is important as it carries health risks for the patient.
  2. The rationale for maintaining obesity is to promote the normal development of patients in a healthcare facility. Nurses prepare a dietary plan and assess inappropriate eating behaviors. The nurse keeps checking on the cholesterol and fat consumption to manage atherosclerosis.
  3. In the case of clients with NPO, the nurse will adopt convenient feeding methods. Offering liquids to the patient helps maintain health and normal functioning. Nursing intervention eliminates the risks of imbalanced nutrition through liquids.
  4. The rationale for clients with severe hyperlipidemia is to guide the family about the ketogenic diet. The ketogenic diet is efficient in killing abnormal cells and increases low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. The diet emphasizes eliminating the risks of obesity in the client.
  5. The rationale for adopting the sterile technique and surgical asepsis during medication administration through a GI tube is to eliminate the risks of bacterial infections. The techniques protect patients from harmful bacteria and pathogens.
  6. The rationale for route administration in the case of anemia patients is avoidance of high risks associated with oral B12. Giving B12 in shots boosts metabolism and protects patients from side effects.
  7. The rationale for managing the thirst of the patient under NPO is to allow a small amount of clean drinking water. Drinking water in small sips prevents the patient from developing any complications.
  8. The rationale of nurse counseling is to motivate the client to take part in routine activities. Acceptance of change is beneficial for the patient as it exhibits control orientation. The rationale is to promote feelings of change and self-care.
  9. The rationale of effective client teaching is to exhibit the development of positive feelings in the client. Drinking water is crucial in managing the abdominal cavity of patients with a hernia. Taking water with meals helps in digestion.
  10. Eating balanced meals is important for the survival of patients with ulcers. The rationale of taking a balanced diet is to normalize nutritional status and promote healing. Balanced diets prevent ulcers from getting severe.
  11. The rationale is to drink lots of clear liquids several hours before the procedure. A large quantity of water is important for cleaning the colon and emptying the bowel. Without cleaning the colon, the performance of tests becomes impossible.
  12. Unproductive sex is the common cause of developing hepatitis A. Taking preventive measures during sexual encounters is important. An infected person is capable of transmitting the virus of hepatitis to his/her sex partner.
  13. The visible symptoms of Addison’s disease include bulging eyes, flushed skin, and palpitations. Insufficient levels of certain hormones such as cortisol and aldosterone lead to Addison’s disease.
  14. The common symptoms of tetany include muscular weakness and skeletal pain. Patients faced difficulty in moving joints and muscles. Unstable BP and respiratory rate also confirm the condition of tetany.
  15. Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (NHNS) exhibits conditions of weak and rapid pulse with acetone breath. The rationale for interventions is to limit water loss and prevent patients from dying. The rationale involves managing electrolyte homeostasis.
  16. The rationale for using an oral antidiabetic agent is to treat patients with type I diabetes. The agents are effective in managing glucose levels against insulin-deficient patients. The agents are also necessary for managing physical activity.
  17. Nurses administer special care for patients with Type I diabetes. The rationale includes checking hyperglycemia, checking cgb, starting fluids IV, and maintaining insulin order for patients exhibiting nervousness or complaining of headaches (Giorgino, Laviola, & Leonardini, 2005).


Giorgino, F., Laviola, L., & Leonardini, A. (2005). Pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes: rationale for different oral antidiabetic treatment strategies. Diabetes Res Clin Pract, 68.



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