Human beings are social animals which cannot live alone and for this, they have to be socialized to fulfill their needs. Socialization is the process of connecting with the people according to the mutual norms which helps in making society a proper suitable and secure place for a certain group of people. These norms are the rules and regulations of that specific group based on their mutual interest and necessities which influence the group members to be accepted within the group. The person who violates these norms gets punished by the group members in the form of rejection from the group members. For this reason, people always face influences of socialization and see their selves as the others wanted them. Sociology plays important role in making this understand as sociology is the scientific study of society which includes different but all patterns of societal interactions, social relations and the most important is the culture. It covers the issues related to healthcare issue which is termed as sociology of health care. It focuses on social effects of illnesses, mental health issues, physical and mental disabilities and the public attitude and reactions towards the people suffering from those health issues.
Psychology is also helpful in understanding the process of socialization as it is the scientific study of human behavior, emotions and thought processes. So, psychology is very important to get a proper and comprehensive understanding of human self-concept and contribution of the others (societal groups) in building self-concept and thought processes which are backed by a certain behavior.
The aim of the study is to analyze both psychological and sociological condition of a woman, Dorothy who is suffering from cancer.
Stressors might influence physiological and flourishing results. It need been for the greater part proposed that overflowing for inclination reactions might intercellular these affiliations; enter request, over At whatever case, stay over the likelihood of the cooperations between stressors, impact, physiology, What’s more flourishing. That common possibility concerning these acquaintanceships camwood be depicted Likewise an accord show up (Kemeny, 2003). This model takes following starting with made Toward Selye (1956), who struggled that the greater part stressors actuate a summed dependent upon physiological ”stress” reaction. In this manner, an accumulation from claiming stressors (physical, mental) might move a run of the Plant strategy of physiological impacts. Every last one of a greater amount beginning late, sway need been joined under those far reaching declaration appear, in that unsavory an aggregation occasions need aid thought to trigger the encounter for inconvenience, Furthermore tormented by after that progressions physiological techniques that improvement deficiency with ailment. Since summed up disservice responses are evaluated as opposed particular vivacious states (fear, disrespect, hopelessness), this model is ”nonspecific” for admiration to those cooperations set between physiology, those moving states of the stressor, and the enthusiastic reactions initiated.
There will be real reason, Previously, any case, should associate the closeness for stressor What’s more energetic reaction specificity for views of the stressor-affect– flourishing association. We need pushed those utility of a united specificity show (Kemeny, 2003), which is grounded to several from claiming real premises. In the to begin with place, those nature of the stressor picks the particular psychobiological reactions evoked; stressors would not tradable. Making tracks to an inverse course starting with An predator, changing on unalterability hardship, or keeping up one’s Attestation clinched alongside a party know oblige specific amusement arrangements from claiming mental, physiological, Furthermore behavioral progressions to suitably respond under these changing states. Along these lines, unmistakable instances from claiming psychobiological reactions need aid basic should adaptively conform to dangers to distinctive objectives (Weiner, 1992). Second, feelings are possibility to accept an enter piece in masterminding these orchestrated reactions on separate target hazards. Particular dangers bring out prototypical vivacious states; to example, you quit offering on that one might experience dread the point when one’s success alternately survival is undermined, feel too bad taking after the limit of a friend or relative, What’s more disregard on light for social dismissal.
These sentiments need aid joined with experiential, behavioral, also physiological parts that provide for an arranged, versatile light of these particular dangers or conceivably openings (Ekman, 1999; Dickerson, Gruenewald, Also Kemeny 1999; Keltner Also Gross, 1999). As Dorothy was a very active woman, she used to do social work along with her husband. She has to take care of her husband as he is also a cancer patient since 5 years. But now Dorothy is also diagnosed with cancer. She is emotionally and physically exhausted but the societal group from which she belongs, insisting her to take care of her husband. Because of which she is planning a large family party for her and John’s Golden Wedding Anniversary later this year, and is trying to make her family promise that the party will go ahead whether she is able to be there or not.
Mead proposed a theory called social self-theory. According to this theory, people born with blank mind and whatever they learn and behave are the outcome of social interaction. As people interact with the group members from whom they belong, they learn about the group norms and try to be most acceptable within the group. This process of group acceptance builds their concept of self. At different stages of life, changes in self-concept occur according to the age group perspectives. He introduced the concept of ME and I in this theory. Me is the societal influenced self, whereas I is the individual’s own thought process. These two terms combine to form self-concept of and individual.
According to her condition, she is influenced by the society to have a great party of her and her husband’s golden wedding anniversary as celebrating this at huge level is a trend in the group and not celebrating party at this level will become a violation. Doctors want her to take rest as it is the most important thing for her which is her requirement to fight with her cancer. But from the societal group she belongs to have norms that woman should take care of her husbands without any excuse of illness and disease because it is the ultimate work of married women. Dorothy, at this age of her life does not want to violate from the group because she also have the same thought pattern. According to that she feels bad, in thinking that she is unable to serve her husband. Without taking her own condition seriously, she has also announced the celebration a golden anniversary party at a very big level. According to Mead’s theory of social self, she is doing all these activities to make the society not think about her violation and she learned all this from the social interactions. In this case, Me of the social self-theory is dominating and making Dorothy serve her husband even in her severe illness. She was also doing this because she was living with her daughter and son-in-law. So it is also her responsibility to maintain the societal norms to make her children and grandchildren learn the norms not to be violated in any case.
She also has a threat that her own family will treat her badly if she will not follow the rules of the society. Taken exclusively these side effects don’t imply that you have a poor social self-idea. Nonetheless, in the event that you’ve ticked 3 or 4 things off this rundown, at that point that is presumably a reasonable sign that your self-idea has endured a shot. On the off chance that you have a low self-idea, at that point it’s an ideal opportunity to submit yourself to updating your contemplations, convictions, choices, and activities pushing ahead. Just along these lines will you change your self-idea and improve how you carry on with your life. Given this, it’s, nonetheless, essential to take note of that every one of these signs are just cautious instruments that shield you from enthusiastic damage. Your body and psyche are doing their best to adapt to life, occasions, and conditions. Be that as it may, as often as possible these adapting techniques don’t exactly work further bolstering your good fortune. What’s more awful is that you may capitulate to enjoying restricting practices in a weak endeavor to feel better about yourself. You may for example:
- Shift into “denail mode” and deny that anything isn’t right in spite of confirmation despite what might be expected.
- Make suppositions or potentially supports that aren’t founded on certainty but instead on your one-sided “rose-hued” perspective of reality.
- Launch into a verbal torrent where you assault yourself as well as other people in view of bogus impression of how you see things.
- Choose to lounge in antagonism. Life sucks as it may be, so for what reason not simply flounder in self-pity and experience the full brunt of your negative sentiments?
- Try and maintain a strategic distance from individuals and conditions by diverting yourself with addictions and other unfortunate constant practices.
Client centered therapy by Carl Roger, focuses on the self of the individual. The objectives of treatment in wellbeing area as simply depicted are expansive objectives that give a general system to understanding the course of restorative development. The therapist does not pick particular objectives for the client. The foundation of the client-centered hypothesis is that clients in association with a facilitating therapist have the ability to characterize and illuminate their own objectives. Numerous guides, nonetheless, will encounter trouble in enabling clients to choose for themselves their particular objectives in treatment. In spite of the fact that it is anything but difficult to give lip administration to the concept of clients’ finding their own specific manner, it takes impressive regard for clients and strength on the therapist’s part to urge clients to hear themselves out and take after their own particular bearings especially when clients settle on decisions that won’t not be the decisions the therapist would seek after (Rogers, 1961).
The part of the client-centered therapist is established in his or her methods for being and states of mind, not in the execution of systems intended to get the client to “accomplish something.” Research on client-centered treatment appears to show that the mentalities of the therapist, as opposed to his or her insight, hypotheses, or procedures, start identity change in the client. Essentially, the therapist utilizes himself or herself as an instrument of progress. By experiencing the client on a man to-individual level, the therapist’s “part” is to be without parts. The therapist’s capacity is to build up a restorative atmosphere that encourages the client’s development along a procedure continuum (Patterson, 2000).
The client-centered therapist consequently makes a helping relationship in which the client will encounter the fundamental flexibility to investigate territories of his or her life that are presently either denied to mindfulness or contorted. The client turns out to be not so much cautious but rather more open to conceivable outcomes inside himself or herself and on the planet (Patterson, 2000). As a matter of first importance, the therapist must will to be genuine in the association with the client. Rather than seeing the client in biased demonstrative classifications, the therapist meets the client on a minute to-minute experiential premise and helps the client by entering the client’s reality. Through the therapist’s states of mind of bona fide minding, regard, acknowledgment, and comprehension, the client can extricate his or her guards and inflexible discernments and move to a more elevated amount of individual working (Merry and Brodley, 2002).
Rogers (1961) outlined the fundamental speculation of client-centered treatment in one sentence: “In the event that I can give a specific kind of relationship, the other individual will find inside himself the ability to utilize that relationship for development and change, and self-improvement will happen”. Rogers (1977) guessed advance that “noteworthy constructive identity change does not happen with the exception of in a relationship”.
The individual centered therapist figures out how to perceive and put stock in human potential, giving clients compassion and genuine positive respect to help encourage change. The therapist abstains from coordinating the course of treatment by following the client’s lead at whatever point conceivable. Rather, the therapist offers support, direction, and structure so the client can find customized arrangements inside themselves.
According to the condition of the Dorothy, she has to have therapy session as it is very much necessary for her to understand her medical condition which is affected by her thought process and the societal pressure. Rest is necessary for her but it is only possible when she will leave her responsibilities. She also needs assistance as her husband. This therapy will help her removing the incongruence of her thought processes which will develop a change in dealing her own self as it is the requirement of the hour.
This therapy will allow her to express herself in a better way when she will talk about what she feels. It will also make her learn to think about self which is I according to Mead. This therapy will make the Dorothy feel light as in this therapy, the hold is also in the client’s hand and the client is free to talk and expresses his or her feeling and issues. The client decides the ways to change as he or she better knows his or her whole scenario. The therapist motivates the client about expression and the activities to be followed to have a positive change in life. Client centered therapy is the best way to deal the condition of Dorothy as she is facing issues in expression of her physical and emotional exhaust due to cancer and social pressure. Client centered therapy will helpful in making her understand the societal inequality and how people think about the sick people and what will be the consequences of change. It is necessary for her to understand the differences between the healthy conditions and unhealthy or ill conditions.
In conclusion, theory of social self, defines the condition of Dorothy well as the phenomenon was due to the social pressure and learned social values and norms. As this theory focuses on concept of building self-identity which is always influence by the societal groups. Self-identity is divided by the ‘I’ and ‘Me’ concept.’ I’ is the individual’s own thought process whereas ‘Me’ is the social concept which influences the social-identity of an individual. Social norms are based on general concepts with no or few exceptional conditions under consideration. As in the case of Dorothy, she was facing inequality as she and her husband both were facing same conditions but she does not having any care from anyone and she has to work for her husband as well. And if she will think of herself, the society will not understand her. For her emotional exhaust and learn social beliefs, Client-centered therapy will be a good option which make her feel better and think positive about herself and this will also make her realize about the existence of her own self and the requirements of herself also. Self-care is also a responsibility of an individual which Dorothy has neglecting because of the social pressure. Realization of self-care is necessary in her case which will be done by client-centered therapy sessions.
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