Every industry demands a particular set of skills from their employees to successfully optimize the workplace by utilizing their full potential. In this regard, there are two types of skills i.e., hard skills and soft skills that applicants must possess to get a competitive advantage. Measurable and tangible skills are often called hard skills. (pn) They also include the technical knowledge and experience that is required to perform a specific job. Therefore, these skills are taught throughout the academic period and practiced in labs and other clinical assignments. Nurses are supposed to develop some essential hard skills such as taking vital signs, starting IVs, administering medications, and inserting catheters. However, soft skills are also as important as hard skills, especially for nurses. These skills cannot be measured in terms of specified variables or outcomes but play a significant role in employees’ productivity and competitiveness. More importantly, in the (n) healthcare profession, the families and patients are the direct observant of the behaviors of nurses and other medical staff which immensely impacts their satisfaction (Dean & East, 2019). In this regard, the following essay outlines some of the essential soft skills that nurses must develop not only for their successful careers but also for the effectiveness of the services they provide and for the whole health care system. In this way, the importance of these soft skills is highlighted by providing various examples from healthcare settings.
Excellent communication skills are the fundamental soft skills that are critical for all individuals involved in any healthcare activity. For example, if a physician discusses a complex diagnosis with a patient, or medical staff (v) interacts with the insurance companies, they must communicate effectively to develop a clear mutual understanding. Therefore, potential applicants must possess (aj) competitive communication skills to interact effectively at different organizational levels in various communication styles. They also need to be comfortable while describing highly (aj) sensitive information in a completely professional way. Similarly, in times of emergencies where time is very crucial, the nurses must (v) communicate clearly to deliver relevant information (av) efficiently. Moreover, in some circumstances, while dealing with patients, nurses need to ask repeated questions and understand their responses carefully for precise assessments. And once they have received the assessment data, they need to communicate it with other healthcare staff who are also directly (v) involved in the patients’ care (Murphy, 2020).
Similarly, since nurses are engaged with patients for most of their time, they must describe the recovery (n) plans and medication (av) clearly and effectively to avoid any serious medical condition later. Also, when their families interact with nurses, they must be attentive to not only their medical needs but also emotions to (v) formulate articulate, non-judgmental, and empathetic responses to their queries and concerns. Only in this way, nurses can explain the necessary medications and their importance to patients and their families for speedy and effective recovery. It is also important to note that communication not only involves verbal communication but it also includes written communication. Therefore, nurses must develop all kinds of communication skills while performing their diverse duties in the health care setting. However, effective communication is often accompanied by many other soft skills such as compassion and patience, etc. as described in the following sections.
Compassion and Patience
Compassion is one of the most required soft skills for nurses as unlike to other medical staff they mostly work directly with the patients who feel very overwhelmed in hospitals that are often considered as stressful environments. Under such circumstances, they likely (v) become afraid of their health problems, easily angry with the poor medical facilities, or even frustrated with their health conditions. Therefore, in order to effectively respond to their negative emotional states, nurses must exhibit compassion in their behavior while interacting with (pn) them (av) repeatedly during a day. In this way, the nurse’s compassionate response to vulnerable situations of patients can help them feel better, happier, and safer (Pattillo, 2013). This also contributes to the success of the nurses’ career as patients will leave very positive feedback once they are discharged. Moreover, if nurses are compassionate with their (n) patients, they can develop very good personal relations with them and therefore, can increase their job satisfaction as well. This ultimately (v) leads to continuous professional growth as a nurse.
Similarly, patience is also another important soft skill for nurses to deliver high-quality healthcare service. As explained earlier, the healthcare environment is often a source of anxiety, emotional disturbances, and frustration for patients, they often generate very unpredictable responses. So, in such situations, nurses need to be patient to help patients overcome their anxiety. It also helps nurses to develop tolerance, accept people as they are, and control their anger and stress developed in reaction to patients’ undesirable feedback. Patience is also important for a nurse while performing multiple tasks at the same time often develops very (aj) tense feelings and as a result, nurses can become prone to many errors. Therefore, to effectively and efficiently cope with all such kinds of situations that cause mental restlessness and stress, observing patients can improve the performance of the nurses.
Flexibility, Adaptability, and Emotional Stability
The conditions of the healthcare sector are changing constantly due to the technological revolution and globalization. This has further led to many social changes in the form of people’s behavior, attitudes, and concerns regarding their health conditions. In response, patient care has highly become dynamic. Moreover, there are also many (n) challenges that the entire healthcare sector is facing to incorporate digital solutions and innovate existing healthcare practices. One such development is the electronic health care record and computerized medical checkups. All these changes require nurses to become flexible and adaptable to adjust themselves in the constantly changing environment. Furthermore, as mentioned earlier, the responsibilities of a nurse are very diverse and they often have to perform multiple jobs simultaneously such as quickly moving from an emergency room setting to perform a complicated medical procedure calmly. In such circumstances, nurses need to manage their (n) priorities and high workloads. Thus, nurses should always keep themselves prepared to face any uncertain situation (av) effectively with resilience. This is also the primary characteristic of skilled nurses that most recruiters look for in applicants so that they can choose the best nurses who can easily fit in the existing setup and are always ready to adapt to any future changes (iCIMS, 2015).
Another important skill in this regard is emotional stability. In any service-oriented industry, the customers and the service providers are always engaged in direct communication. Therefore, it becomes crucial to comprehend the needs and feelings of the customers so that they can be addressed effectively. This becomes even (av) more important in the healthcare industry, where the patient’s health is comprised in case of any negative emotional encounter. Therefore, nurses must develop emotional intelligence to sensibly perceive the patient’s needs and develop healthy relationships with them. This will promote mutual respect and trust as well.
Along with many other soft skills as described above, honesty is another important skill that comes under work as well as social ethics. Honesty is considered the best policy to develop mutual relationships in business and among social connections. But in nursing, it is even more important as nursing professionals usually hold very sensitive information while dealing with patients. They also have to rely on other co-workers for a sufficient amount of information related to the same patients. So, effective team building and productivity of the workplace can only be ensured if nurses are honest with each other as well as with patients regarding all kinds of information they have. Therefore, nurses are required to exhibit a very strong tendency of honesty and work ethics.
Moreover, when dealing with very sensitive patients, nurses must uphold integrity and always stay true to their words. Otherwise, it can bring a lot of emotional and professional consequences for them. For instance, if a nurse asks any patient that (pn) she will come after a couple of hours to reexamine him, but intentionally does not come, the patient can develop a very frustrated and stressful condition of mind. In this regard, honestly in not only being truthful to others but also to ourselves as well. One can build a very (aj) positive and trusted character only if he remains true to himself and avoid any kind of lying or cheating with others in any situation. But it is also needed that nurses are emotionally intelligent as well along with being honest because sharing sensitive information straight away can bring negative results.
Proactive, Ethical, and Responsible Nature
Medicine and health care are very respectful profession and it plays a very important role in the society and life of the patients while (pn) this profession demands more responsibility, ethics, and proactive behavior of the professionals associated with this profession. The doctors and health care professionals like nurses are like the parents in the medical field so they have to take a huge responsibility. In the medical term, it is referred to as Medical Paternalism that demands more dedication and responsibility from the doctors and nurses. This is more associated with the doctors because they make the decisions for the patient’s sake and wellbeing. The patients are in a weak physical condition and sometimes they face mental retardation so they can’t take decisions for themselves. Therefore, doctors should take decisions for (pn) their health and benefit.
Negligence has no place in the medical profession; therefore, the doctor and nurses should be proactive and responsible for the patient’s life. Health care professionals should deal with every patient without any discrimination because every patient deserves basic health rights. There are three requirements for the moral evaluation of medical personnel’s behavior. Whether they violate laws and administrative regulations; whether they conform to recognized ethical principles and moral rules; whether they are a person of high moral character. Patients have the right to basic medical care, the right to self-determination, the right to informed consent, and the right to privacy. Moreover, the doctor should support the patients’ decisions like Artificial Insemination, genetic counseling, and contraception.
Collaboration and teamwork in the health profession is defined as the sharing of duties and responsibilities to ensure better health for the patients. In the medical field, healthcare officials work together with respect and mutual support. Health care is assessed through the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS). The mutual collaboration of doctors and nurses leads to the success of the medical profession and avoids Medical Malpractice that includes Misdiagnosis and surgical errors. Every medical person is directed to follow the senior’s guidance and work as a team without any conflicts (Pattillo, 2013). The medical profession and healthcare industry is governed with mutual collaboration and support as every person involved in the healthcare industry contributes its role to human health. Healthcare collaboration provides quality of care and the medical staff learns new techniques and effective methods to deal with the patients together.
Effective mutual collaboration contributes a lot in achieving medical goals. It has been analyzed in a study published in the American Journal that shows that teamwork is necessary for the health of patients. There are certain complex surgeries like Craniectomy, Spinal Osteomyelitis surgery, etc. that need the mutual working of the whole staff in the hospital to make it successful. Apart from the doctor’s role, Nurses also play a major contribution to the health care system by providing effective support to seniors and patients. They have to perform the basic but crucial tasks like providing the right medicine to avoid medicine liability, ECGs, Dialysis, mammography, etc. The nurses spend more time with the patients and they are always available for the patient’s support and care. The nurses should accept the guidelines provided by the doctors and work efficiently as a team considering their responsibility. The attributes of a responsible nurse include honesty, creativity, responsibility, and dedication to their job.
Strong Work Ethic
The strong work ethics includes the set of rules and disciplines that are implemented on healthcare officials and give a strong notion that hard work and dedication to the work is the basic need of any profession. In the medical field, strong work ethics are the most important factors that change the whole game and demands the commitment and dedication of the medical practitioners. The medical profession demands professionalism and rigidity when it comes to decisions about the health of a patient. There are some dilemmas in the medical profession when the doctor has to control his emotions and other aspects to ensure the right medication and treatment. For example, Euthanasia is the painless killing of a patient who has been suffering from a very painful disease and there is no hope for his survival or an irreversible Coma. In this situation, doctors have to avoid their emotions to help the patient get rid of the pain and suffering. A strong work ethic ability is needed to undertake such a harsh decision by controlling the emotions. Besides, work ethics also includes maintaining credentials, the privacy of the patient, and accepting the fatality of the patient.
In a healthcare office, the job demands a professional demeanor rather than negligence or being distracted or frustrated. Health care professionals need to learn how to ignore their issues for a while to ensure better care for the patients. On the other hand, if the doctor behaves like he is not mentally active then it may also lead to serious issues for the patients. However, some patients also suffer from mental health diseases like PTSD, schizophrenia, or bipolar diseases so such patients are very difficult to handle and they can also harm the doctors and nurses.
Time management becomes an essential skill while doing multiple tasks simultaneously (Aggar et al., 2018). It not only means to get things done on time but how to prioritize tasks and meet deadlines effectively. Therefore, nurses as well as other medical staff must manage their time efficiently while working and interacting with patients and among themselves. An important strategy is in this regard is to schedule the task need to be performed on a particular day and then execute them one by one along with recording the progress. This habit will also help nurses to explore different areas of improvement and bridge them with more dedicated efforts. However, it is also possible that nurses can face several uncertain circumstances for instance medical emergencies. In such situations, it is not effective to stick with the pre-planned activities but to incorporate all unforeseen things in such a way that they do not disturb the entire schedule of the day. Again, it is about prioritizing the tasks and meeting the deadlines (Aggar et al., 2018).
An important effect of time management is on the nurses’ self-confidence and control. As they efficiently perform more and more jobs, they become confident to handle uncertain situations as well which otherwise cause stress and confusion. They also become more creative and excellent problem solvers when they become efficient in time management. Gradually, after practicing time management skills, nurses can earn a good reputation among the medical staff and hence can grow their career effectively. Healthcare managers should also promote time management skills and introduce different strategies and tools that can help nurses in this regard.
Soft skills are highly crucial for nurses to effectively interact with the patients, their families, and other medical staff for their successful performance in a healthcare setting. Because they can’t manage emotional and sometimes difficult situations, they have to face during healthcare without having these personal characteristics. Therefore, it is the (aj) primary responsibility of the management to evaluate the applicants not only based on the hard skills such as their technical experiences but also based on soft skills that include excellent communication skills, empathy, and work ethics, etc. The nurses’ soft skills are the fundamental determinant of the positive or negative experience of patients and their families in the hospitals and thus its reputations. However, the soft skills described above are not the only essential skills instead there are many other soft skills as well. Therefore, as a nursing professional, one must explore and develop all these necessary skills for (pn) his/her successful service delivery.
Aggar, C., Bloomfield, J. G., Frotjold, A., Thomas, T. H. T., & Koo, F. (2018). A time management intervention using simulation to improve nursing students’ preparedness for medication administration in the clinical setting: A quasi-experimental study. Collegian, 25(1), 105–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2017.04.004
Dean, S., & East, J. (2019). Soft Skills Needed for the 21st-Century Workforce. International Journal of Applied Management and Technology, 18(1), 17–32. https://doi.org/10.5590/IJAMT.2019.18.1.02
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