Human Brain and Memory Mechanism
Similarities and differences between the long term memory and the work memory
As we might be aware, the work memory only occupies a small part of the human memory. It is where temporary information is stored. The short term memory acts as a part that is used to store and manipulate small bits of data; data that is needed for short period of time. The long term memory on the other hand maintains the memories for a whole life. Information stores here can be accessible at any moment. The information is not lost not unless a person faces an accident or is brutally injured, or ill (Corbin &Carnous, 2011). Long term memory is connected to the short term memory through the use of auditory and verbal information. The memories have the ability to be divided into smaller sections. However, the long-term memory can be stored in various locations. The working memory makes use of a controller that enable it to be connected to the short term memories and a like disintegrate. The two memories can be perceived as similar but they are distinct.
How the memories are formed in the brain by neural circuitry
Whenever we are exposed to things such as car halting or squealing especially before an accident, or a glass drop, we tend perceive both as injuries. Next time we come into reality with similar situations, the mind triggers the memories of the first incident. The memories are triggered so that the brain knows that an action is needed. The memories can be referred to as episodic memories. The memories are characterized with elements like what, when, and where. When the memories are formed, the hypothalamus send information to the cerebral cortex. Neurons are also forced to spark and transmit data, the activities enable the ancient memories to be traced by the brain. Through manipulation of the data and further memorization, the objects and linked and related to the previous ones.
Situations that enable the brain to adapt to forget and remember
The human memories are adapted to remember and forget events, the effect is applicable in solving problem. When we rehearse, the brain is given the ability to store the information for a longer period. The information is transferred from the short term memory to the long term memory (Marlin & Margaret, 2013). This makes it possible for use to remember sensitive information such as phone numbers and passwords. Additionally, the brain also used the Elaborate Processing technique. The process help in differentiating between facts and knowledge. Lastly, the mind use Mnemonics, creativity and use of images enhance the capability of the mind to retrieve information. Failure to possess the traits, the information is stored in the short-term memory where it is temporarily stored. Information might be lost within a short time frame.
Accuracy of the memories
According to Lachman, human memories ought to be certain at times (Lachman, Andreoletti & Pearman, 2006). Consequently, there is the ‘false memory’ issue, they give false suggestions that end up altering the behavior of an individual both in short and long term situations. The suggestions alike to children, the adult behavior is interfered. The fact that we do have memory complication especially with understanding cannot be denied (Matlin & Margaret, 2013). The above defines the type of stimuli we put in the sensory system. The effect is that we are able to retrieve the short term memories from the long term ones. On contrary, the information moved from the short term memory to the long term memory is determined by the actions of an individual. The memories can be accessed using two ways (recall and recognition), however, research shows that human are better at recognition (Matlin, 2013).
The ways is of help to others
Human are at certain times in life the caregivers or the ones to attend. A large percentage of adults end up having cognitive brain impairment. The effect is subtle to the reasoning, communication, and memory capacity. Some of the possible causes are Alzheimer’s, stroke, and dementia disorders. Brain injuries and Parkinson’s also have proved to influence the problem. Other complications such as aggressive behavior, low motivation or no motivation at all, communication problems, and wandering are prominent.
Regardless of the option to use cognitive therapy, other ways such as use of memory aids like cards and pictures that are appealing to the affected person is recommended. Furthermore, keeping track of an altered routine is helpful to people having cognitive problems since they alleviate some issues from re-occurring. Consistency build a sense of comfort. Research denotes that we are continually growing new brain cells. As a result, it is possible to deal with the new cells when handling individuals with the deficiency.
The significance of environment and age to brain formation and development
Human are created to become inactive or lucid with time. The effect can be due to age, diseases or other impediments (Lachman, Andreoletti, & Pearman, 2006). The environment is also a major contributor to the problem. Depending on the state of mind and health status of an individual, memory deteriorations varies. The decision making process is slowed down prior to the years an individual is young. The environment, both physical and social plays an important role in the formation and maintenance of the human mind (Lachman, Andreoletti & Pearman, 2006). The ability to recall at old age is minimal compared to young age. It is difficult to recall the basic information such as names, address, and numbers. However, arguments are raised concerning the issues and alternatives like protein- are deemed of having the ability to differentiate between general forgetfulness and disease based forgetfulness.
To sum up, we have the ability to do everything possible with the minds and memories. Aging and diseases act as barriers between the processing ability of our previous years at the current moment. Old age delineates people with the environment they attention is also lowered. Therefore, the information that gets processed does not meet the requirements, therefore having a memory that is in-accurate. There is a need to treat the minds in the right way through engaging in exercises. The mind should be treated as an awful jewel not worth losing.
Corbin, L., & Camos, V. (2011). Improvement of working memory performance by training is not transferable. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 7(2), 279-294.
Lachman, M. E., Andreoletti, C., & Pearman, A. (2006). Memory control beliefs: How are they related to age, strategy use and memory improvement? Social Cognition, 24(3), 359–385. doi:10.1521/soco.2006.24.3.359
Matlin, Margaret. (2013). Cognition Eighth Edition: A Brief History of Cognitive Psychology.
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