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Growth and Development in the Pre-School Years

Pre-school years are known as the one crucial phase of human life when it comes to the features of growth and development. Undoubtedly, this particular stage is the decisive stage, which comes with many considerations. It is essential to provide a conducive environment for the children in the preschool so they are effectively ready for further years of development in life.

The particular ages between 2 and 5 years are recognized as the phase of the pre-school. It is a crucial stage of life for children to shift their paradigm from toddlers to active explorers of the world (McConnell, Priest, Davis, & McEvoy, 2002). They started learning about different things and concepts of life, which ultimately helped them to lead their life. The importance of this time in children’s lives demands that we focus on the different aspects of growth and development. Here, the specific focus is to critically discuss the facet of growth and development during the preschool years.

2 to 5-year-old children are characterized as preschoolers who are all ready to explore the world. This is the particular time when they introduced the world around them. It is observed that preschool children want to learn things more independently and immediately. They are anxious about many things that are happening around them (Wasik & Bond, 2001). They learn different things and gain knowledge through the features of experience and playing activities. There are some particular aspects that play a crucial role in growth and development. These features are identified as motor, social, emotional, cognitive, and language skills, which help preschool children effectively and actively connect themselves with the different and new learning paradigms. It is notable to mention that the aspect of language plays a crucial role as it is the one main tool for preschool children to express their needs and opinions about the concepts of the outside world. Once they have a strong grip on the expression through language, they become more able to learn quickly and effectively.

Physical, cognitive, and social/personality development are crucial prospects that determine the overall growth and development of preschool children. The factor of physical development involves the physical growth of children during the years of 2 to 5. These are the particular years when children become stronger and longer. This is the particular time of growth of the children when their body starts gaining muscles and losing baby fat. Their arms and legs become more meager and stronger enough to perform any physical activity. This is the specific time period when children quickly gain weight and grow taller. It is crucial to understand that different children have different approaches to growth and development in a particular phase of preschool. Some children have a fast pace of physical growth compared to other children (Connor, Morrison, & Slominski, 2006). Children become more engaged in playing activities, which helps in the development of their physical features and body muscles.

The aspect of cognitive development is another crucial aspect when it comes to the growth and development of children during the preschool stage of life. This is the time when children start thinking about different events and develop the element of logic and a rational approach to reasoning. In recent years, children have become able to learn about letters, counting, and the aspects of colors. They become able to differentiate between different objects and images related to the paradigm of the world around them (Gallahue, Ozmun, & Goodway, 2002). The most crucial aspect related to the cognitive development of children during this time period is that it comes with the effective consideration and formation of symbolic thoughts. It provides the opportunity for the children to effectively process their ability of symbolism to understand different objects, actions, and events that occur in their daily lives.

Emotional and social development are other features that provide effective indications of the overall paradigm of growth and development in the case of children in the preschool stage. It is the particular phase of children’s lives when they start to figure out their feelings for others and approach what they want. It is the specific time when children start finding ways to manage their feelings. Social connection also plays a vital role in the overall development of children when they are in the stage of preschool. Children of this age go through different social experiences, which ultimately increase their cognitive development and emotional stability. They start to understand the appropriate delivery of their emotions at the right time and at the right place. They start considering the emotions of other individuals and trying to react accordingly (Hills, King, & Armstrong, 2007). The perspective of emotional development gradually helps children to enhance their approach to positive social interactions with other people. Pre-school is the particular stage when children start thinking about other individuals and develop different feelings for them. They start developing friendships and associations with their peers and the children of their age. They start sharing their elements of fun and playing activities with other children they like emotionally.

Different social experiences also help children to learn about moral considerations effectively. They start understanding what is right to do and what is prohibited from performing. The aspect of moral consideration happened due to their effective communication with their parents and peers. Mobility skills are another crucial feature related to the specific approach of the phase of preschool. The stage of preschool enhances the mobility skills of children with the effective consideration of different motor activities involving their whole body. This facet comes with the concern of locomotor skills. It provides a better approach for children to attain the necessary form of balance and movement, ultimately related to different skills. The particular aspect of growth and development in the preschool phase for children can be effectively observed through different activities that enhance their approach to motor skills. The motor skills can be identified in the form of jumping, running, climbing, etc. These aspects help them to enhance their approach to their physical development. The paradigm of physical activities ultimately increases the growth pattern of preschoolers.

Different activities can be effectively used to enhance the approach of growth and development in the case of children who go through the phase of preschool. It is crucial for parents and peers to encourage children to engage in different activities to enhance their understanding of useful knowledge and logic about life. Different forms of coordination games, in the case of preschoolers, can help enhance their approach to growth and development. The particular activity of hopping can be beneficial for the children to attain a better position of balance with the consideration of their physical development.

To conclude the discussion about the importance of growth and development in the specific time period of preschool, it is crucial to understand its impact on the overall growth of the individuals. It is the particular time when children come up with an effective identification and understanding of the outer world. It helps them to make different, effective inferences about different aspects of life. It is the particular time period that determines the fact of success for the rest of an individual’s life.


Connor, C. M., Morrison, F. J., & Slominski, L. (2006). Preschool instruction and children’s emergent literacy growth. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98(4), 665.

Gallahue, D. L., Ozmun, J. C., & Goodway, J. D. (2002). Understanding motor development: infants, children, adolescents, adults (ed.). New York, McGraw-Hill.

Hills, A. P., King, N. A., & Armstrong, T. P. (2007). The contribution of physical activity and sedentary behaviors to the growth and development of children and adolescents. Sports Medicine, 37(6), 533–545.

McConnell, S. R., Priest, J. S., Davis, S. D., & McEvoy, M. A. (2002). Best practices in measuring growth and development for preschool children. Best Practices in School Psychology IV, 2, 1231–1246.

Wasik, B. A., & Bond, M. A. (2001). Beyond the pages of a book: Interactive book reading and language development in preschool classrooms. Journal of Educational Psychology, 93(2), 243.



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