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Equity And Equality In Education


Before discussing the significance of equity and equality in education, it is imperative to understand the meaning of equity and equality. The term equity means giving the right proportion to what is required to be successful for an individual. On the other hand, equality turns out to be in the shape of fairness. The dilemma occurs when, in various countries, the private sector is expanding and, in certain countries, depends exclusively on the public sector, which is required to take responsibility for providing education to the citizens. The motive behind these two sectors, although providing the same services to the masses, is difficult. There are a number of differences not only in the motives but others as well. The purpose of education for the public sector is to provide basic welfare to the public by fulfilling one of the basic necessities of life, which is education. On the other hand, the private sector looks after the maximization of wealth and the profitability of its stakeholders. However, differences in the quality of education also exist between the two sectors (Roche, S. 2013).


Role Of Federal And State Governments

Governments at all levels play their part in strengthening the literacy rate within the country. However, the expectations of the people are more inclined towards the federal government as it constitutes more powers and is given the responsibility to maintain harmony within the state systems through the laws that are binding upon the states. However, the role of the state governments cannot be denied in this regard, they are the actual determining bodies regarding the educational policymaking. The legal understanding suggests that the 10th amendment in the constitution has made education a function of the states. However, states administer the schools with the help of the district-state governments. Thus, those districts that have more resources and whose socio-economic levels are also higher tend to provide more resources to the schools. This helps to maintain the quality of education. Thus, funding and providing adequate resources on an equity and equality basis can help the governments to improve the standard of education within the states. The deficiency of the required budget hampers the performance of any school. In the states where the socio-economic conditions are not good enough, the probability of inclination of the people towards education is predicted to be lower compared to the other states that are not facing similar issues.

Further, the access to education at all levels is very important. It is the duty of the government to bring those who need education from all walks of life and provide education to them on an equal basis, whereas the concept of equity fits in the framework when the government sets the standard or a benchmark, and the candidates are selected on merit for the allocation of the duties. Various countries observe quota systems in order to benefit those individuals who are less privileged and cannot afford to get an education (“Find Laws, Legal Information, and Attorneys – FindLaw”,2018).


In a nutshell, the concept of equity and education in the education system is very crucial in order to maintain a unified standard throughout the country. The role of the governments at all levels, whether federal, state, or district levels, cannot be ignored while designing educational policy for a particular area, as the law has made education the subject of the states. However this may have negative implications, for instance, the socio-economic conditions and the lack of proper funding may hinder the equality and effectiveness of the education provided by the states and local municipalities.


Roche, S. (2013). Equity and equality in education. International Review of Education, 59(1), 1-5.

The Roles of Federal and State Governments in Education – FindLaw. (2018). Findlaw. Retrieved 16 April 2018, from



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