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Cognitive Development in Kids

Cognitive development involves the construction of thought processes such as recalling, problem-solving, and decision-making. It is a step from childhood to adolescence. Cognitive development enhances one’s ability to think and understand his or her world through the interaction of genetic and learned factors. Cognitive development enhances intelligence, reasoning, language development, and memory.

At the age of two, children develop cognitive skills in attention and both short-term memory and long-term memory. This is the age at which kids understand the permanence of objects and people, and they can recognize their displacement. The kids will strive for more independence, which can sometimes trouble the parents regarding their safety. They guide and monitor. They can understand discipline and differentiate what behaviors are appropriate and inappropriate.

They can be taught simple words to memorize, like names of people, places, and other things. Introducing a kid to places like a museum can enhance their ability to a rethinking of new neighborhoods and exhibitions. They can be taught to name familiar objects, draw crayons, obey simple orders, and play with other kids. It is advisable for parents to spend time with the kids, talking to them, cuddling, and scheduling regular sleeping and eating time for the kid.

Piaget Cognitive Development

Piaget’s cognitive development has four stages: the sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage, and formal operational stage.

According to Piaget, at age two, kids are at the stage of sensorimotor, and they learn about the world through the senses and manipulation of objects. They can touch and feel objects by themselves. Parents of children of this age are advised to help them by naming objects and persons.

Through age two, the kids develop memory and imagination. They understand some symbols shown to them and understand if it is tomorrow, today, or yesterday.

Parents are advised to buy dolls for their kids to play with since they can put away things. Kids can be taught how to draw crayons and give their full names.

Vygotsky Cognitive Development

This theory of cognitive development is based on the impact of culture on cognitive development. Each period of learning has a dominant activity associated with it. Instruction and learning are used as tools to lead the learning of a child’s cognitive development.

Culture is emphasized as the most important factor for cognitive development. Vygotsky focuses on cognitive abilities that are unique to human beings. According to Vygotsky, culture is the force that shapes all higher mental processes, which include attention, perception, memory, and problem-solving.

At age two of a child, the interaction between communication and problem-solving occurs, and the speech of a child becomes intellectual while problem-solving becomes acquired verbal intelligence. Children at age two can demonstrate communication through gesture, learn through observation, and get to understand the intentions of others. When kids are allowed to interact with other people, they adopt a communication convention that creates the cognitive representation.

In order to enhance children, especially at age two, cognitive development, they need to interact with socially more skilled individuals. Children can be guided to learn some specific task through assistance until they can do it themselves.

Piaget and Vygotsky’s Theories of Development

Vygotsky’s theory asserts that children’s cognitive development can be attained through social interaction with more skilled individuals. The cognitive development of children is governed and influenced by many principles. This theory lays the foundation for constructivism, which is when children actively construct knowledge.

Piaget theory asserts that children pass through four stages of mental development. It focuses on both how children acquire knowledge and understand the nature of intelligence. The theory posits that children are actively involved in the learning process through experiments and observation.

Vygotsky theory of development best suits Jayson at age two since the theory is based on learning through assistance by a more socially skilled individual, unlike Piaget’s theory, which posits that children are actively involved in the learning process through observation and experiments.



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