The exercise involves the physical activities like swimming, running, and bike riding among other activities. These activities make the person taking the exercise to sweat, turn flush and besides, the activities are hard. Not only does exercise involve the contraction of coordinated skeletal muscle but also interferes with a great number of physiological changes in the body. Skeletal muscles and the rest of metabolic organs synchronize and mediate the changes prompted during exercise in energy homeostasis. Exercise plays a critical role in the health and wellness of an individual basically in the metabolic health.
Firstly, during the exercise, the brown adipose tissue becomes activated through several metabolic pathways in the body. Therefore, exercising facilitates the activation of brown adipose tissue activity on the skin and consequently results in effective improvement in the metabolism of carbohydrates in the body system. Besides, much benefits of exercise and physical activity have been associated with numerous mechanisms in the body including reduction of adipose mass and improved cardiorespiratory fitness (Fletcher et al., 2013). During the exercise skeletal muscle, the body muscles produce an abundant amount of interleukin-6 which afterward increases the rate of glucose release from the liver organ. These secretions provide a molecular aspect which is the prevention of many diseases of the body. Exercise protects the body against type-2 diabetes. It offers an opportunity for improvement of glycemia because of several elements like the high rate of calorie burning and uptake of insulin-independent sugars in the body.
Additionally, during the physical exercise skeletal muscle is a significant tissue that enhances to metabolic homeostasis. Most importantly, exercise triggers every body cell and organ in the body system, therefore, stimulate the cell-cell activity and the entire metabolic system.
The exercise in the aerobic place improves the micro-circulation and macronutrients together with the supply of oxygen to the body organelles like mitochondria (Egan & Zierath 2013). Physical exercise enhances molecular and metabolic changes in the important organs of the body like heart, brain liver and lungs. It, therefore, enhances the mitochondrial bioenergetics ability and competence.
When an individual does exercise through maybe lifting heavy weights, running or jogging, the body uses the amount of glucose stored in the muscle to make energy. It takes away energy to replace the sugars in the muscle, therefore, doing physical exercises help the body to burn the calories in the entire body. Exercise helps in the metabolism.
Egan, B., & Zierath, J. R. (2013). Exercise metabolism and the molecular regulation of skeletal muscle adaptation. Cell metabolism, 17(2), 162-184.
Fletcher, G. F., Ades, P. A., Kligfield, P., Arena, R., Balady, G. J., Bittner, V. A., … & Gulati, M. (2013). on behalf of the American Heart Association Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention Committee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism, Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing, and Council on Epidemiology and Prevention. Exercise standards for testing and training: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 128(8), 873-934.
Gillen, J. B., & Gibala, M. J. (2013). Is high-intensity interval training a time-efficient exercise strategy to improve health and fitness?. Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism,39(3), 409-412.