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Which Foreign Nation had the Most Important Influence on Iran’s History?

According to most historians, an understanding of the historical perspectives is a crucial move that should be embraced to have a broader understanding of issues that happen in the contemporary society. It is apparent that the United States had an influential impact on the development of key aspects of Iran. The relationship between the two nations started way back in the 19th century. According to findings from Ramazani, it is also noted that the American missionaries stayed in Iran earlier than the 19th century (Ramazani 8). World War II stands as the main platform that brought about the extensive engagement between the United States and Iran. At the initial stages, the relationship was intact. However, the existence of CIA punctured it in a way. The coup that happened in 1953 made it possible to overthrow Mohammed Mossadegh, who was one of the influential leaders in the region. Another occurrence worth noting in the process was the Islamic Revolution, which effected in 1979. The aftermath of the incident was the breach in the relationship at the stage when it had to mature. The two nations which were once great friend emerged as “Great Satan” as well as “Axis of Evil.”

According to most analysis, the relationship is such a crucial move that made it possible for the nations to work on plans that made it possible to achieve scalability as well as growth on the development of policies (Ramazani 10). It is possible to compare the interaction between Iran and the United States with that one which occurred between the United States and Saudi. In most instances, it is apparent that the United States tend to serve their interest. In the case involving the Saudi, the focus was on the elimination of the ruling family, which the United States considered a threat to their success (Gray 8). The same applies as in the case of Iran in which the United States used all the existing approaches to handle Mohammad Reza, which was part of the ruling coalition during that time. The fact that Reza ruled for close to four decades made it necessary for the United States to implement moves the best served the interest of the population.

First, it is imperative to elaborate on the interest that the American developed towards the relationship with Iran. The fact that Iran had a strategic location as well as the Persian Gulf brought about the issues. Oil is also a component that brought about the interest depicted by the United States. The United States knew that the existing oil was demanded by various nations and that could impact on some development steps in the region. In the end, it is evident that Iran managed to grow wealthier (Gray 12). The United States developed a strategy to use in the process as well. Iran was the leading market for most products from the United States including firearms, investments, technology as well as industrial equipment.

That is not enough to justify the relationship. It is also imperative to have an understanding of the perception from the Iran side. The nation thought that the United States was one of the best protectors. Even though Russia, as well as Britain, were also evident in the region, it was imperative to settle on one nation to improve the relationships. Again, Iran thought that the United States was better placed in protecting and building the Shah’s dreams, which had much impact in forming great powers in the region.

Works Cited

Gray, Sidney J. “Towards a theory of cultural influence on the development of accounting systems internationally.” Abacus24.1 (1988): 1-15.

Ramazani, Rouhollah K. “Ideology and pragmatism in Iran’s foreign policy.” The Middle East Journal 58.4 (2004): 1-11.



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