Understanding of Chinese Diversity with Perspective of Social, Economic and Political Change
Human history from the time of Adam till yet seen many things getting up and down. We are actually in the process of evolution which we cannot neglect, as our ancestor were having a high level of life expectancy but now it is shortened and the living standards changed with time. If we see a process of development it is not something which is nearly started with the invention of Rostow’s development stages but from early ages human trying to have shifted from Marble to clay and till yet we all are improvising our life individually, and international governments are working on it. There is the fact that government initiatives influence the matter of individuals. If the state is improving the economy and having good sustainable politics condition, it will impact the social life of an individual.
This is not something which is just in one place, but it is a historical fact we had seen in the history like when the Rome was flourishing with the economy. It had an impact on all over Rome they got much stabilize to introduce metal coin currency and give the world with an opportunity for new kind of mode for exchange. So to analyze the strength of the government and rule, we have to analyze their economic, political and social structure to understand their development level. For which we are going to discuss three famous dynasties of Chinese region regarding these three perspectives and will analyze their rule strength with their performance.
Dynasty is a term used for the family who is having continuity in succession of their rule in the same region or with expanding the region mostly the princely and royal families’ counts in it. It has some unique characteristics that they circulate the rule in the family even the high official are mostly family members in which they do not compromise anyway. In this assignment, we will briefly discuss the Sui, Tang and Song Dynasty. We will discuss each of the following in brief to analyze the economic social and political changes.
The Sui Dynasty
The Sui Dynasty is famous for unifying the south and north China after Han rule and sustaining the morality of China, and it was at the time of Han Chinese. In this, all ethnic values were adopted been practiced in the time of Hans with joining all nomadic minorities by ethnicity. The rule was founded by the Emperor Wen of Sui in which they capitalize the Chang’an at that time which had changed in name with a period or after the name of emperors. They had Buddhism as the state religion in which they try every step to spread it out all over China.
If we look to the economy of the Sui dynasty, it looks stable according to the facts and their developmental approach in which most interesting was they never had economic inequality, and everyone was getting an equal share. They improved the agriculture area, with developing departments for improvement of the economy at the government level including ministries. The unity of empire creates a golden age for the Chinese where they were able to introduce coinage for the mode of exchange and standardize it in each sector. They surplus the agricultural productivity and they storm the idea of the rapid population for the increase of labor force.
There was the influence of politics in the development because of the merit. They were focusing to hold out offices using the potential personnel those can lead in better way, also the situation of law and order was much improvement in which they ended the different severe punishments and make law equality for everyone and we can see minister trial in their history but they have weak narration according to the historians. Mostly historian compared Sui Dynasty with the Qin Dynasty because of their same characteristic of unifying China, but their influence was shorter than Qin Dynasty. The most recommendable and memorial structure of the Sui Dynasty is Grand Canal including fortification of the Great Wall when Turk was trying to invade China(Xiong, 2006).
The Tang Dynasty
The Tang Dynasty is a successor of the Sui Dynasty in which ten kingdoms and five dynasties are involved to complete the ruling cycle of this one dynasty. It is considered to be the high point of China growth when they succeed the rule over the China and advancement of culture been seen during their regime is truly dominant. They had same capital Chang’ a which was upheld by the Sui Dynasty which becomes the most popular city of that time with regards to their development. It was founded by Li family who seized the power of Sui Dynasty during the period of civil war; it influences around the cultures in the countries like Japan, Vietnam, and Korea. The period of this dynasty includes a lot of progress in each dimension of development also they improvised and promoted Buddhism around China.
Politically we have seen this dynasty implies the same structure followed by Sui Dynasty, but they added some of the scholar-official and standardized procedure of examination for the appointment of military and civil services. They better out the justice system for public and make thing better out more to save arena from any civil instability.
The culture was having the main impact on social change, and it is flourished rapidly in the closed region of that time, and also historian says that it was the best era for Chinese poetry and literature. Even the paintings of that time still a masterpiece mostly use to interpret the society of that time. In the sector of education, geography history compilation was at its peak due to which today we can easily understand the concepts of those time. Chinese were more focused towards art from the start and in portraying history they used it in a good manner.
It was the time of great innovation and technology in which we see the wood blocking and printing also the usage of heavy metal invade in the society which improved the industry in many ways(Rettino, 2013).
The Song Dynasty
The Song Dynasty was divided era of Chinese history in which there were Southern Song and Northern song, but both were having a temporary conflict which ended with a period of time and opens out the gate for the development regarding social, political and economics. It was founded by Emperor Taizu Song later on it divided between Liao and Xia dynasties.
If we see the economic terms and development, Song was the first in the world to introduce the banknote and paper stamp money which was never used before ever by any of the countries. They had control of the sea resources improvising standing navy for the first time and population was double during that time when there was numerous labor force, and development was at its peak in economical perspectives.
The political administration was also better but was distracted due to some development of new cities and trade opening in the larger roots, and it was opening the gateway to silk trade route. The official was used to be hired by scholarly capacity and local identities.
Social life was vibrant during that time and technology has flourished a way in which subjects like mathematics and engineering were at a peak. Also, moveable type printing became popular with the invasion of philosophical quotes. Civil services examinations existed and were continued in the Song dynasty more prominently which produce namely scholar and philosopher of government at that time(Wang, 2003).
Rettino, M. (2013, October 4). Tang Dynasty – Archaeologies of the Weird. Retrieved February 8, 2018, from https://matthewrettino.wordpress.com/tag/tang-dynasty/
Wang, R. (2003). Images of Women in Chinese Thought and Culture: Writings from the Pre-Qin Period Through the Song Dynasty. Hackett Publishing.
Xiong, V. C. (2006). Emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty: His Life, Times, and Legacy. SUNY Press.