Trichomoniasis “trich” is a transmittable disease that is caused a bug known as Trichomonas vaginalis. When infected, both men and women, 70% of them never show the symptoms. When the signs are recognizable, they typically start at 5 to 28 day later after the disclosure. Trichomoniasis is one of the STI (sexually transmitted infection) and is transmittable through anal, oral or even vaginal sex. Also, it can be transmitted through touch. Most often the infected persons can spread Trichomoniasis even when the symptoms are not recognizable. However, Trichomoniasis allows he chances for risk of getting infected with HIV/AIDS. Also during the pregnancy, it can cause complications (Parenthood).
Most often, Trichomoniasis does not develop symptoms although when the penis is infected, the infection most likely causes symptoms. Although, at some time Trichomoniasis causes symptoms to any gender. Buy more likely to affect vaginitis. Therefore the vaginitis symptoms as caused by Trichomoniasis include Blood on the vaginal discharge, distress in both genders when urinating or performing sex intercourse, frothy, yellow, grey, and green and bad smelling virginal discharge, swelling around the genitals, irritation and itching around and in the vagina. Another symptom related to Trichomoniasis includes burning and pain when one is pee, irritation and itching inside the penis, discharge from the urethra, and the urge to feel to pee a lot. Adnominal pain may also occur (Centers). These symptoms are open between 5 to 28 days.
Furthermore, the Trichomoniasis can barely noticeable or even irritating and really painful. It is very usual for the symptoms of shifts as they come and go. Although does not mean that when the infection goes away when the sign goes off.
Apparently, three essential methods are used to test Trichomoniasis. The first one is referred as the microscopy. It is the common procedure that requires virginal, endocervical or even penile swab sample for inspection under the microscope. The presence of a single or various trichomonads includes the affirmative outcome. This method is known to be cheap although it got low sensitivity for about 60-70% most often due to the inadequate tester resulting in wrong negatives.
The second method includes culture, whereby it has its historical aspect of being the excellent standard for infectious disease diagnosis. The Trichomonas vaginal culture is used to carry out tests that are relatively cheap, although the sensitivity is generally somehow low for about 70-89%.
Third diagnosing procedure involves the NAATs (nucleic acid implication test) which is a bit sensitive. Using these types of tests are relatively costly In comparison to culture, and microscopy and they are more sensitive to about 80-90%.
Use of condoms, i.e. in both the male and female condoms helps in prevention and the spread of Trichomoniasis even though no in-depth studies have gone this far to focus on the prevention of the Trichomoniasis infections. The Trichomoniasis infections via water don’t support the transmission of Trichomonas vaginalis as it dies when exposed to water after a duration of 45-60 minutes .in the thermal water after a span of 30 minutes to 3 hours and when in urine that is diluted after a span of 5-6 hours.
Today, there isn’t any routine that is standard on screening requirements in general America’s population who receive the STIs or planning testing. CDC (centres for disease control and prevention) do recommend that the Trichomoniasis testing is done to the females experiencing female discharge and may be considered for the females in greater infection risk or even the HIV positive serostatus. Various strategies have been established to help improve the follow up of the STI testing which includes text and emails messaging’s means of reminders for appointments.
The evidence gathered from a randomized and controlled trial in screening the pregnant ladies who do show the symptoms of the infection with Trichomoniasis and the treatment to the women who are tested positive on the infections have bot indicated risk reduction on the preterm birth. Hence further studies are recommended to help verify the results and determine the best screening procedure. In America, pregnant women without the infections signs are only proposed to those with the HIV as the Trichomoniasis infection is related to the transmitting of HIV risk to the fetus.
The treatment for both categories, i.e. the pregnant and non-pregnant women is obviously with Metronidazole done by mouth (” Womenshealth.Gov”). However, caution should always be used when in pregnancy mostly for the first trimester. Ideally, the sex partners without the symptoms are supposed to be treated. Generally, dor about 95-97 of the cases Trichomoniasis infection cases is solved after a single metronidazole dose. The research indicates that 4-5% of the cases related to Trichomoniasis are found to be resistant to metronidazole which might result in ro some sequence cases. Hence without the Trichomoniasis treatment, Trichomoniasis may persist for some months up to years for the women, and it is thought to succeed without the men treatment. However, the women tested HIV positive are in a better position for care rates if the treatment is done for the 7 days instead of the one dose. The topical treatment is, however, less active rather than the oral antibiotics due to the genitourinary and skene gland structure which acts as a reservoir (Smith et al,.1650-1650).
Trichomoniasis encourages the risks of transmission and infection of HIV.
Trichomoniasis might make a woman give birth to immature or low weight bay.
Trichomoniasis in makes encourages the spread of prostatitis and asymptomatic urethritis.
Centers, CDC. “STD Facts – Trichomoniasis”. Cdc.Gov, 2018, https://www.cdc.gov/STD/Trichomonas/STDFact-Trichomoniasis.htm#symptoms. Accessed 7 Mar 2018.
Parenthood, parent. “What Are The Symptoms & Signs Of Trichomoniasis?”. Plannedparenthood.Org, 2018, https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex/trichomoniasis/what-are-symptoms-trichomoniasis. Accessed 7 Mar 2018.
Smith, Lisa V., Frank Sorvillo, and Tony Kuo. “Implications of Trichomonas vaginalis nucleic acid amplification testing on medical training and practice.” Journal of clinical microbiology 51.5 (2013): 1650-1650.
” Womenshealth.Gov”. Womenshealth.Gov, 2018, https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/trichomoniasis. Accessed 7 Mar 2018.