Stress is the evil. It causes minor to major health problems for a person if not addressed properly. It causes mental, physical, social, economic, and emotional problems. Therefore, it is essential to address it timely. However, it is not all bad. Some stress can be good for the health and well-being of a person (Scholz et al., 2009). The paper will discuss the symptoms, causes, and impact of stress on the human physical and mental health. It will examine when stress is bad for a person and how can it be good for a person when it causes so many problems.
Stress is a way of response to a demand or threat that are kicked on in a situation of fight or flight. It is a way of protection that alerts the body and mind from the dangers. When threatened or demanded the nervous system releases stress hormone such as adrenaline or cortisol which prepare the body for the emergency. In stress, the heart beats faster, blood pressure increases, and sometimes palms feel sweaty. In stress response become sharper, and the focus increases. Stress can be caused by the stressors, and it can be outside factors, or it can be internally generated. It can be because of academic or professional workload, bad relationship, high demand and job loss or divorce or death of a loved one. It can be caused by the admission to the new school or college or new relationship. It can be due to positive factors such as marriage or negative events such as death. The internal factors that generate stress are excessive worry about the small event or big events, irrational thoughts or negativity. It can also cause by inflexibility, high expectation and lack of self-esteem(Lupien et al., 2009; Thoits, 2010).
There can be cognitive, emotional, physical or behavioural symptoms. The symptoms can manifest singularly or combined. Cognitive symptoms include constant worrying, lack of concentration and poor judgment. Emotional symptoms include depression, mood swings, irritability, isolation, and anxiety. Physical symptoms of stress are a headache, disturbed stomach, nauseous feelings, constipation or diarrhoea, chest pain, flu or cold and blood pressure. Behavioural symptoms of stress consist of insomnia or sleeping too much, eating too much or too little, neglecting responsibilities, drug abuses such as drinking, smoking, isolation from social life and nervousness. If these symptoms persist for a longer period, the person must seek help. Its neglects of the symptoms might cause serious health, social and mental problems. And the symptoms can lead to another symptoms and problems. For instance, lack of sleep can result in poor eating habits which can lead to heart and other diseases(Dhabhar, 2009; Scholz et al., 2009; Thoits, 2010).
Chronic stress can interfere with daily life and become dangerous. It causes fatigue, lack of motivation and concentration. It can cause headaches, stomach problems, high blood pressure and heart rate which lead to coronary problems and death. It can also lead to depression that would cause social isolation with suicidal thoughts and tendencies. It limits the normal working habits leading to poor performance at school and job that might lead to expulsion or financial problems. As professional life demands working attitude that is positive and detail oriented with responsibility. But constant stress can contribute to lack of attention and motivation to work which will lead to absences and sloppy work. Consequently, it negatively impacts the working habits of people. Stress results in irritability and anger which might hamper relationships with friends and family. It will destroy rapports with colleagues leading to isolation which lead to a different set of problems at work. For instance, most of the people prefer to befriend with friendly and frank people. But relationships will be hampered when one person is constantly irritated and aloof. Hence, the constant and regular stress with increased levels of cortisol in the blood impacts on the health and social well-being of a person(Lupien et al., 2009; Scholz et al., 2009).
However, the stress is not always bad. It is good if the levels are mild. First of all, it is a response to danger. It is designed to alert the person when there is a danger. It makes the body ready to respond appropriately in time to save the person from embarrassment, or danger. It also sharpens the senses of a person and helps the person focus. It motivated to work hard and focused on achieving a goal. For instance, if a person is scared of exams it pushes the person to study for the exam which will ultimately help in getting a better grade. It helps people to accept the challenges and meet them. The perspective of embarrassment or shame might push to work harder to achieve the daily goals. It increases the focus levels of a person greatly, and it can help to sharpen the senses to work with improved senses. It boosts the brain power by releasing a hormone called neurotrophins which improves the connection between neurons which enhances the productivity (Dhabhar, 2009; Macmillan, 2014). Therefore, all stress is not bad. IT can improve the perspective of success significantly if controlled or mild or moderate.
Moreover, it increases immunity and resilience by increasing control in a person. As it prepares the body for responses to dangers such as injury or infections or attacks, it releases interleukins which are chemical to regulate an immune system that enhances the immunity for the time being. Also, it is crucial to generating a sense of control in a person. If a person regularly faces stressful events, the person will develop a sense of physical and psychological control. Because the level of stress will make the person resilient to the stressful events and they will be able to improve their productivity without worrying or panicking about an event (Jaret, 2015; Melbourne Child Psychology, 2017).
Lastly, it helps in the development of a child even before they are born. If the pregnant women are stressed mildly or moderately, it improves motor skills of their babies’ before the age of two. Therefore, stress can be beneficial for the people, and it must not be mistreated when it enhances abilities and senses of people in the society (Jaret, 2015; Macmillan, 2014).
It can be beneficial if it is managed properly. Moderate to mild stress is good for enhancing the focus and productivity of a person. But it is bad if it is severe. Regardless a person can control and manage their stress levels most of the time. A person who believes that they can control and manage the stress is less likely to be impacted by it. But those who perceive the level of stress is unmanageable will have problems in dealing with it as well. Hence, it depends on the person and their confidence levels regarding stress to be able to handle it. A person with a positive attitude is less likely to develop stress-related issues compared to a person who has low self-esteem and considers that the stress is harmful(Jaret, 2015; Macmillan, 2014; Melbourne Child Psychology, 2017). Thus, management of stress is essential for the positive results. It is evident that a person can change and control their productivity as well as a sense of control to handle any situation. It is important in case of stress to be able to have a positive result and suppress the negative consequences.
To conclude, stress is not always bad. It can boost productivity, focus, immunity and response levels but it is necessary for the person to be able to handle it. But if it is unmanaged and severe it can have debilitating effects on the person. Therefore, a person must have a sense and perception of control to be able to handle it and minimise the harmful consequences of stress.
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