The early 20th century saw a group of people who had no power or position in the nation thrive. The Harlem Renaissance was the beginning of the acceptance and spread of the black culture and ideas in New York City and the social and artistic explosion that resulted. The main reason as to why the African American culture experienced the renaissance was to change how the society viewed the African Americans. The movements were more based on pride on the African-American lifestyle rather than just a literary movement. Wedin’s Article states that the Renaissance was to change the how the society viewed the African American people uneducated and uncivilized respectable citizens of the great nation (Wedin 140).
Another reason for the Harlem Renaissance was to help the African American define who they were and what they view was by making significant impacts on the society. During this era, the people expressed their ideas through fine arts, stage performances, and music. Evidently, the number of black citizens living in the city of Harlem, also known as “the Black Mecca” and “the capital of black people doubled. The popularity of Harlem created a perfect environment for writers, musicians, entertainers, and artists express their ideas and views concerning the African-American culture to the world (Wedin 144).
The Harlem Renaissance was also meant to give the African Americans the sense of unity provide them with an opportunity to exploit their variety and ambitions. For example, the jazz music was thriving during this era, and even the whites came to experience the nightclubs in New York. The revolution also expressed the political views of the African Americans. Political parties such as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People were started to meet the demands of the black people. As a result, discrimination levels in education, politics and the society significantly reduced (Wedin 145).
Wedin, Carolyn. “HARLEM RENAISSANCE WEST.” The Harlem Renaissance in the American West: The New Negro’s Western Experience (2012): 140.