Child labor is one of the most evolving issues that is found among several developing nations, such as Asian countries. It is an act that deprives the children of their childhood and also obstructs their ability to join the regular school. It can be very harmful to the children regarding their mental, physical, moral and social states. Several leading international organizations are running campaigns to stop child labor. The main issues in the developing countries are population and lack of resources due to reduced employment opportunities. It has been perceived over the past few years that poverty is the primary cause that forces poor people to send their children for work.
Child employment can consent numerous unadorned implications on the lives of children and their families. In addition to that, these children suffer from multiple hardships which might source permanent harm to their childhood. To respond the research question data is gathered from the literature material investigated from educational books, courses, and newscast and study report on child employment, deficiency education and community health of child labor. The research highlights the ethical issues related to the hiring of underage children by the multinational companies in the developing countries.
The developing countries are having a greater ratio of child labor due to the focus of multinational companies. These countries provide them cheap labor and easy access to raw material, which is the main reason that most of the companies have shifted their production units to these countries. Almost every third child in India is the victim of child labor. It is due to the lack of government and law enforcement authorities’ involvement in policy making and its enforcement (Bhat & Rather).
During the industrialized revolt, child labor was higher than before, owing to the change of labor activities to foreign countries. Children can be originated in almost every subdivision of the comfortable budget (Malakal & Gangabhushan).The occurrence of employed children in India is involved in dangerous professions such as workshops industrial diamonds, firecrackers, silk and floorings, cut-glass and blocks (OWOLABI & Elizabeth). Numerous features strengthen children to labor such as insufficient financial development, scarcity, joblessness, overpopulation and the deficiency of schooling and health caution (Ahmad).
School presence in India in which an enormous total of children among five to fourteen years of age group are not registered in school due to the domestic financial situation. Presence in school or failure varies for the male and female while boys are more expected to deliver economic revenue of the family. While, girls are further complicated in domestic responsibilities (Kakoli, Borkotoky, and Unisa Sayeed).
Extraordinary illiteracy and failure charges are significant in India due to the insufficiency of the learning structure. Even though numerous weak or low-income families don’t understand education as an advantage to humanity, they contemplate that labor progresses abilities that can be recycled to receive revenue (Ahmed). These practices are unethical because these children are the future generation and they are the one who will govern and fight for their rights with the International world.
Developing country like India and other Asian countries has to implement strategies and plans to eliminate child labor. The primary factor that is strengthening the involvement of multinational companies in developing countries is the increased level of corruption. Deficiency and poor worth education are one of the main reasons behind this issue; no magical solution is there. Poverty is the leading cause that forces children out of the school into the labor and implementation unaided cannot resolve it. The critical step to reduce child labor is to emancipate children.
Exploitation of child labor was common since ages because of its lower cost as compared to adult labor in the early industries. It has been long observed even in developed nations such as England, France, Germany and other European countries. Due to reforms and change in governmental policies these countries strictly prohibited child labor, which gave rise to the underage hiring of children in developing countries. It is mainly due to weak political systems and lack of check and balance. There are some developing countries, which are facing child labor. The multinational companies are saving massive amounts due to child labor, and the governing bodies in these countries are unable to control them and also limit their power within their boundaries. There should be a strict policy to stop the involvement of multinational companies in other countries to end up this devastating issue.