The consumption of modern technology could materialize as a significant key to develop maintainable, disaster resistant planning and infrastructure. Modern technology plays a critical role in natural disaster management with Geographic Information System based prediction, monitoring systems and computer simulations used to identify the affects and extent of a disaster (Saumya, G. Kutty, N. p.). Technology should be implemented in every aspect of nature in order to reduce the risk of a natural hazard turning into a disaster.
A disaster is the consequence of a natural hazard’s influence on society. Every hazard is defined by its origin and effects it can cause. Hazards can either be a creation of the environment (natural) or humans (anthropogenic). If this natural hazard due to the poorly planned actions of the human beings, distresses them so that they are incapable to manage, the condition develops into a disaster.
Disasters have continuously been a consequence of interaction of humans with nature and technology. The effects of a natural disaster are calculated by the magnitude of a society’s susceptibility to the hazard. Human beings as inventive individuals have found out fresh ways to control the shattering consequences of disasters. Human social and economic development has contributed to stengthen the ability of humans to deal with natural disasters. Disaster risk can be evaluated by three aspects: vulnerability to a hazard, hazards (anthropogenic or natural) and managing capacity in order to help control the effects of disaster.
We can minimize or mitigate the hazard by acting on effective guidelines given by the relevant authority. Effective controls protect people from hazards in order to eradicate health and safety risks, to avoid injuries, diseases, and incidents. The main ways to control a hazard include: Administrative Controls, Personal Protective Equipment, Substitution, and Engineering Controls. One has to Identify control options by organizing, collecting, and reviewing information with employees to define the types of hazards and which workers may be hypothetically exposed. One has to select controls that are effective, permanent and feasible. One has to develop a hazard control plan on how the designated controls will be applied. An operational plan will deal with serious hazards first, than it should deal with long-term control of hazards. It is important to track progress and occasionally verify that controls are operative. The hazard control plan should defend workers during operations and disasters. Once hazard control and prevention methods have been recognized, they should be applied according to the hazard control plan. Employers should evaluate controls once they are installed and track progress in applying controls and should follow routine precautionary maintenance practices.
Natural Hazards or Disasters can cause enormous damage to human beings, animals, property all over the world. The pressure on the earth’s resources has resulted in increased vulnerability of natural hazards. Periodic incidents of natural disasters should be studied using modern technology in order to find operational precautionary measures. Technology can assistant the disaster mitigation process by improving future scenario predictions. Incorporation of remote sensing system with Geographic Information System and web technology makes it an tremendously potent tool in order to find signs of natural disasters. Critical Information distribution through Internet decreases data acquirement time and thus provides capable way to realtime disaster predictions. All these technology advancements should be implemented in order to reduce the risk of the disaster.
Saumya, G. Kutty. “The Role Of Technology In Disaster Preparedness: Lessons From The Nepal Earthquake For India | Science, Technology And Security Forum.” Stsfor.org. N. p. (2015)
“Hazard Prevention And Control | Occupational Safety And Health Administration.” Osha.gov. N. p., (2018)
Y, Loretti & Tegegn Y. “Disasters In Africa: Old And New Hazards And Growing Vulnerability. – Pubmed – NCBI .” Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. N. p., (1996).
Tulsi, Vyas & Aneri, Desai “Information Technology For Disaster Management” N. p., (2007)
(Tulsi, Vyas & Aneri, Desai, N.p.)