Space is a continuous area that remains available for any need that may arise. It is also the area that remains unused after all other space has been used for something else. Thus, it provides a chance for modifications to be done with time. On the other hand, rehabilitation is the bringing into order the something that has been wrongly done in the past. In this case, it could include correcting the building plan so as to match the arising needs of security and other needs.Space and rehabilitation, therefore, go hand in hand. Space provides the area to enhance the implementation of rehabilitation. Where there is no space, rehabilitation could not be possible.
The design of space is used in various ways to facilitate rehabilitation. One of the design features applied is the Surveillance design. In this case, the area to defend stands in the middle. Therefore, surveillance for the subject matter, such as the building is enhanced from the side. “By allowing there to be enough space for surveillance, the offenders perceive the residents as being vigilant and thus could respond swiftly in the case of a crime alarm” (Wortley & Townsley 2016). The availability of space around the area that the building is located makes it possible to have surveillance machines to be installed.
Access control design also influences the way space determines the ability to facilitate rehabilitation. In this case, the subject matter, such as a building may be having weak access points, in a way that allows in the unauthorized people. This interferes with the security of the area. Therefore, the availability of space around the subject matter allows the installation of stronger barriers to bring about more security. “Having an active management in place discourages offending” (Ruskin 1900). In case the space available for the inclusion of the barricades is not sufficient, it might be quite easy to commit a crime without notice.
Urban rehabilitation Community design
Ruskin, J. (1900). The Nature of Gothic: A Chapter from the Stones of Venice. G. Allen.
Wortley, R., & Townsley, M. (Eds.). (2016). Environmental criminology and crime analysis (Vol. 18). Taylor & Francis.