Academic Master

Laws and International Laws

Questions and Answers on Racism

Q.1: What is racial profiling? Provide examples of how law enforcement, government officials, and/or ordinary citizens used racial profiling labels and harmed others (See the Michael Brown case).

Answer:  By the meaning of racial profiling, the targeted persons who are suspected of a crime are dealt with by law enforcement based on their race, religion, ethnicity, or national origins. The criminal profile work is usually associated with the police department. And they are confident in the group characteristics that are associated with crime. For instance, if someone violates the traffic rule, police judge the fault by identifying the physical appearance of the person being violated, whether he is black or brown. They even use race to identify pedestrians who can do contraband.

Many other examples of law enforcement exist in the U.S., like the targeting of Hispanic Latin Americans to investigate illegal immigration. And the people of Middle Eastern and South Asians who are present in the country in screening to ties with Islamic terrorism. All the suspicion is classically based on racism. It is to be said that crimes are set according to ethnicity or race.

Q.2: Discuss various ethnocentric practices historically used by those in power that have contributed to prejudicial attitudes towards racial and minority groups.

Answer: An ethnocentric term is defined as an individual who assumes that he is the best rather than other people; in other words, it could be said that he is self-centred. They thought about their group having its own culture and power. This is shown as biased behaviour, and it’s creating many problems for both race and prejudice. This discrimination has happened in human history like in World War 2. Because of ethnicity they were tortured and mistreated by the Jews at that time for many years. Even though they were exterminated at the camp of the Nazi party. One more example of segregation of colour of people is white, brown, and black colour. Blacks were always treated unfairly or inhumanly even though they had no equal right to freedom and did not get the same education level.

Ethnocentrism is going to be strong and weak human relations. But in the other sense, we are all human and have equal rights individually no matter what color, religion, or nation we are. There is no discrimination among the citizens all over the world and the prejudices which is the result of ethnocentrism must destroy the stability and prosperity of nations.

Q.3: What is the social construction of race? Provide a symbolic interactionist perspective. How can this concept (social construction of race) be applied to Americans from multiple racial backgrounds?

Answer: The term Race refers to the traits that are set by a specific group or category. And it revolved around physical appearance and biological traits. However, ethnicity is based on social culture and behaviours. Social scientists believed that the socially constructed concept developed the word race.  It is the view that inequalities in society are emerging.

By symbolic interaction, people were divided into groups by their race types such as behaviour social interaction, and colours. In this situation, better education was got only white people and earn more money than black people. After the Passage of time in the nineteenth century “Black” peoples were to be identified as African American. Now, society has multiple citizens or identities, some of which have been identified due to migration. Africans were to accept the US culture, customs, and language and live there as Americans.

Q.4: Define the term model minority. Discuss which minority group is perceived as living up to that image. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of being a model minority

Answer: This model represents the demographic group, which is based on ethnicity, race, physical characteristics, and religion. The group members achieved a higher degree of socioeconomic success, measured by their income, education, low rate of crime, and marital stability in the family.  The concept of the model of minorities is very controversial, and history suggests that there is no need for government to adjust certain groups.

They live differently from other societies and are treated unfairly. This concept can be referred to as discrimination, people are mostly subordinates. The majority group has more power and resources than the minority groups; minority groups have no rights, or freedom, and lack powers. Minorities are classified by the colour of their skin, cultural activities, physical appearance, and language.

But in the case of minority’s advantage, they can have a bright future, a better education, adopt a professional business, and become rich through hard work like the Asians. Asian Americans had fought for their equal rights freedom, and specific social issues and social construct of racial discrimination. If they are discriminated against, biased and prejudiced then they must be like the broke.



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