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Program Music: Vivaldi’s Four Seasons

During the Baroque era, Vivaldi was the most popular instrumental composer. The Four Seasons, his most famous piece, consists of four violin concertos. Each one shows a season and is accompanied by a sonnet. For example, the first few words of one say “spring has arrived, and it has brought with it a lot of happiness. The birds sing a joyous song to welcome it “(Seasons et al., 2021). Vivaldi conveys these lines using notes performed on several string instruments and an organ or harpsichord, rather than singing them. One of the oldest examples of program music is this piece. This paper aims to discuss Vivaldi’s Four Season tone color, melody, rhythm, and dynamics.

Tone Color

This composition’s tone color is bright and optimistic. Hearing this piece can quickly raise an individual’s enthusiasm. The tone is calm and restful, and it suits the composition perfectly. To depict the assertiveness of all the countless events that emerge in spring, the beats utilized in the composition are both slow and fast.


Vivaldi’s Four Seasons features different melodies associated with different seasons including winter, spring, summer, and autumn. The winter season’s melody is related to the cold temperatures. This tone depicts fast movements and a natural process, which is extremely powerful to be handled by humans. In the spring season melody, there are two parts to this ritornello tune. The melody is four counts long in the first portion (motif “a”) and then four counts long in the second part (motif “b”) (Cohn, 2019). The last four counts of the phrase, out of a total of twelve, constitute a cadence to bring the phrase to a finish (b). The summer melody harmonizes with poetry regarding the season’s scorching heat. A cold and delectable breeze starts to swap the powerful, passive heat, accompanied by numerous singing birds. Minor chords and dramatic undertones, at the same time, suggest that the breeze might transform into a hurricane (Seasons et al., 2021). Lastly, the autumn melody is a solo concerto, which means it’s a piece for a soloist with orchestral accompaniment during the ritornello and abbreviated sections. It was written for a six-piece orchestra during the Baroque period when orchestras were smaller.

d) Rhythm and Dynamics

The rhythm is gentle and comforting, and it suits the composition flawlessly. To illustrate the assertiveness of all the countless possibilities that arise, the tempos utilized are both fast and slow (Seasons et al., 2021). To complement the utilization of tempo, the dynamics are loud in some places and softened in others.


Cohn, D. (2019). Apollo’s Fire brings Vivaldi’s Four Seasons to Jorgensen. UWIRE Text, 1-1.,5#d=gs_qabs&u=%23p%3Dy2w9SrYJrgYJ

Seasons, V. F., Queen, H. P. F., Sanz–Marionas, G., Monteverdi–Vespers, C., No, M. P. C., & De Lune, D. C. (2021). Best Music for Studying: Baroque & Classical Pieces. Education.,5#d=gs_qabs&u=%23p%3DgfTrYwKeU2cJ



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