1. Explain the concept of health and wellbeing across the lifespan and its relationship to primary health care (PHC)
Public participation in health matters is important in reviewing and giving the best health need to different groups in a society. Before engaging in public opinion, it is inevitable to note that the communities have different economic activities, social welfare, and demographic locations. In most cases of handling health issues from the public, children and women should be given the first priority. The location of the children and the women plus their daily activities influence the agenda that should be taken from the public (Pascoe, 1983). Actually, the families that migrate from one place to another have difficulties in handling health matters. The burdens they experience include a change in environment and economic challenges. The grown-ups may have health problems due to behaviors such as the use of alcohol and exposure to sexually harassing the ent.
There is a clear relationship between the concept of health and wellbeing across the lifespan and primary health care. As private healthcare focuses on the universal provision of good health to the whole le world, the public agenda from the various community is important in ensuring the is service is achieved (Pascoe, 1983). The PHC program ensures that the public agenda is not biased based on the tradition of a community. However, the current technology is enforced to ensure myths and misconception from a community does not influence how health services are provided. Men should not see themselves as superior during the provision of service but the services should be equal.
2. Describe the principles and practices of Primary Health Care (PHC) and the contemporary role of nurses and midwives within this framework.
While ensuring the well-being of people in society, primary health care has its principles and practices. The five principles and practices of this move include-
I. The correct utilization of the current technology.
To achieve the best health practices, the best modern medical practice must be inclusive. In Canada, where the idea of primary health care began, the technology that should be incorporated into this healthcare should be culturally accepted in society, and affordable to different individuals in the community.
II. Promotion of health.
This is another practice of primary health care. During the promotion of health, society should improve the socioeconomic status of every individual. The main matters that ensure good health promotion include food, shelter, equal distribution of resources, justice to all, and most highly peace. These agreements were reached at the Canada, AVON.
III. Accessibility of location in areas that need health services.
For equality provision of primary health care services, the roads and other channels of movement should be clear. No matter where the community lives, the age of an individual, or ethnicity one should get healthcare services. The financial status of a community or family may affect accessibility. However, the good thing is that the agreement from VON, Canada is that the services should be provided to all whether they are unable to afford the cost.
IV. The collaboration of the community.
For good healthcare services to be achieved the organization which is non-governmental, the business communities, and the government at large should come to ensure the agenda is achieved. The collaboration of various communities is essential to give quality universal services.
V. Participation of the members of the society.
When the community is more than willing to assist the medical providers to have ample time to give the services. The main thing that community should be aware of is that the services benefit all and their cooperation is much valued.
On the other hand, nurses and midwifery have a crucial role in ensuring quality equitable health care is achieved. Since the nurses and midwifery understand what health requires, they play a serious role in educating the members of society. The nurses provide maternity services to the community, which may not be possible for doctors. When the midwifery and the nurses cooperate, the leadership of the primary health care services becomes stronger.
3. Discuss global health issues and the Australian National Health Priorities through examining the social determinants of health that underpin PHC
There are challenges facing the health sector in the world. These challenges are coming up day in and day out. However, there are medical practitioners all over the world to counter any upcoming global issues. The health challenges include:
a) There is an upcoming health innovation from the areas that are not expected. For instance, the country of Uganda had innovated some ways of handling surgery. The upcoming of this innovation forced medical practitioners from the United States to take a flight to Uganda to study the innovation. These innovations have been covered all over the world and they are giving the challenge to trained practitioners.
b) The other global challenge is the emergence of the serious disease, HIV/AIDS many doctors are still learning how to handle this issue.
c) The third global challenge is the lack of information. Many people are not aware of the coming threats. Most individuals are fed with fake news and this affects people the most. In matters of health, nurses and midwifery are out there to create awareness in society in order to promote quality primary healthcare services.
On the other hand, the main Australian National Priorities that focus on primary health care include:
i. The first priority is how to prevent and control an injury in the human being. The reason why this becomes a priority is that if this is not checked it can result in more injuries. The main determinants of this matter are sex, age, and working condition of any individual.
ii. Secondly, asthma is a priority because it has become prevalent in the country of Australia. When determining this one should look at the behavioral activities like smoking, the home environment of an individual, and lastly the size of the weight of an individual.
iii. mental health; this becomes a priority because a score of the population between 19 and 86 years are affected by mental illness in Australia. The main causes of this effect include family violence, being stressful, and the story of the family covering their past life.
4. Identify the strategies for improving health outcomes and wellbeing through the application of PHC principles
The main strategies applied by primary healthcare to prevent future health problems include:
Change in way of living of people-the problem experienced by nurses is the style in which people live. The culture developed by different societies makes them perceive objectives in a weird manner. For instance, some community does not believe in seeking support from doctors. This makes it difficult for medical practitioners to deliver their services. The steps have been put in place to ensure that individuals are educated and are able to change the way they live.
Another strategy is the promote an easier way of delivering the services of primary health care. Service providers have raised wise ideas on how to handle this issue. Moreover, sure the strategies are bearing fruit.
Lastly is planning on how individuals will slowly change and avoid reaping a similar mistake in life. This will ensure that the mission of service provision is achieved.
5. Identify issues and discuss strategies to improve the health of members of culturally diverse groups
The main strategy is to ensure that there is the promotion of unity among different groups of the community. When there is interaction of people, they learn ideas from each other, which is helpful in ensuring good health status. Another thing is to ensure equality of the individual thus giving service without discrimination.
The first determinant is the culture of the community. After learning the members of the society live it was very easy to build a strong community and pass on information concerning health care. From the video, the broken relationship within the community is amended by embracing the way they used to live before. The facilitators collect the members of the society and they make stories together as they engage each other. This engagement gives room for expressing anything wrong and amending where necessary.
The other determinant is age. From the video, it is evident that children are the most victimized people.
The first principle that is evident in the video is the cooperation of individuals in society. Elders give the best direction when it comes to how to handle community issues. Cooperation enhances sharing and a solution to the problem is achieved very first.
The other principle is the participation of each individual. Actually, from the video when each individual participates in healing the society, even the work of the leadership is really eased (Strosahl, 1998). In the video, both elders and young people participate.
The priority is injury prevention and control. When the community comes together, they prevent the occurrence of any damage. The damages may include child abuse and decimation. The sharing of ideas when the community comes together ensures that any damage that had already occurred is addressed and there is no future repeat of the same. Children and women have been engaged in the discussion in the video and this brings equality.
Cultural competence is the ability to handle the problems in a society with the way people live in a society. The other thing is that whether the culture of the community is at good status when used. From the video, the culture of the people was embraced when they sat in a circular manner and discuss their problems (Strosahl, 1998). They practiced cultural events while here like making chapatti using the old method. This cultural competency is important because it eased the work of the facilitator. When applying cultural practice, the type of culture chosen should be of a good type. It should be the one teaching children how to be together and embrace unity. From the video, it is easier to bring primary health care to a united community.
Pascoe, G. C. (1983). Patient satisfaction in primary health care: a literature review and analysis. Evaluation and program planning, 6(3-4), 185-210.
Baltussen, R. M. P. M., Yé, Y., Haddad, S., & Sauerborn, R. S. (2002). Perceived quality of care of primary health care services in Burkina Faso. Health policy and planning, 17(1), 42-48.
Strosahl, K. (1998). Integrating behavioral health and primary care services: The primary mental health care model.
Akin, J. S., Griffin, C. C., Guilkey, D. K., & Popkin, B. M. (1986). The demand for primary health care services in the Bicol region of the Philippines. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 34(4), 755-782.