Origins of Nursing
The paradigm of nursing is known as one of the crucial features of human health which comes up with the many facets of evolutions. There is the existence of an immense level of historical development in the case of nursing. Different facets of history play a crucial role in the overall development of the feature of nursing. It is notable to mention that earlier facet of nursing was specifically determined on the basis of services on the basic forms of religious principles. The approach of religion provides the necessary foundation related to the different nursing services (Klainberg and Dirschel). The specific concept of nursing originally referred to the feature of a wet nurse. The era of the 16th century is crucial as it provides the approach of the proper meaning to the service of nursing. It provides the indication of the person who gives the caring services to the sick person. Undoubtedly, the profession of nursing homes with a vast form of history which provides the approach of different generations of caring related to the paradigm of sick or injured. Here the particular aim is to assess the origin of the profession of nursing before the year of 1600 with the consideration of the western civilization.
When it comes to the profession of nursing than it is crucial to understand that the service of nursing can be observed since the beginning of time. The facet of nursing evolved over the years to come to the existing form. It is evident that today, nursing is known as the one crucial and essential profession related to the provision of health and care facilities to patients. The facet of nursing evolve and develop over the years with the consideration of the feature of progress and development. The overall prospect of the history indicates that the feature of nursing firstly gets acknowledged as the one profession during the time period of 300 A.D which is known as the era of the Roman Empire. It was the particular time when the existence of the hospital in every town of the kingdom of Rome is considered as a crucial paradigm.
The particular role of nurses was also crucial during that time period of the rule of the Roman Empire. There was the existence of many nurses who assist doctors in the newly established hospitals to provide the necessary health and care services to the patients. With the changing feature of the Roman Empire in the particular form of the Byzantine Empire, the more developed and advanced feature of health services was considered. This particular prospect can be identified in the case of Constantinople city. This particular city is an effective example which had plenty of nurses, both males, and females. The paradigm of the particular form of nursing was actively considered to provide help to people when they were sick or injured. There were a number of male and female nurses which were known as the particular terms. Male nurses were known as the hypourgoi while the women were characterized as the hypourgisses who play the role of nursing in the provision of care facilities to the patients. The particular characteristics of both the males and females in that particular time period become the reason for the expansion of nursing worldwide. It is crucial to understand that the prospect of nursing is going through many phases of revolution to reach to its existing stage.
It is notable to mention that the particular time period of the middle ages plays a crucial role in the development of the concept of nursing in the western world. The idea of nursing gets popularity in the region due to the greater impact of the prospect of the Catholic Church. The overall development of the Catholic paradigm helps western society to develop the dimension of nursing. Undoubtedly, the era of middle ages was the one time period that can be considered as the facet of many innovations and developments in the field of healthcare and nursing for the western civilization. The particular industry of nursing grows with the help of changing features of methods and techniques of the provision of health services (Theofanidis and Sapountzi-Krepia). These particular developments in the field of health provide the footprints to the modern form of nursing. It is notable to mention that religion was the necessary foundation for the implementation of the different techniques of nursing. Most nurses of that time can be identified as nuns or monks who play their role in the provision of health and care services to the sick and injure persons. The prospect of hospitals functions in many ways with the consideration of necessary health services to the patients. This particular feature in the case of nursing also provides indications about the influential role of nurses. It can effectively recognize that role of the nurses was immensely vast and involved in the paradigm of the hospital as compared to today’s pattern of nursing.
The particular time period during 500s to 600s was immensely influential in the overall prospect of nursing as it was the era of the establishment of the first-ever hospital in the area of Merida, Spain. Most of the nurses of that particular hospital originally belong to the facet of the Catholic Church. All the nurses who belong to this particular hospital come with the specific aim to provide health and care assistance to everyone without the consideration of their origin or religion. It is necessary to mention that after some time, these particular hospitals were not effectively managed in the 800s. At that particular time period, the role of Emperor Charlemagne was immensely crucial as he makes necessary steps to align the feature of the hospitals with the advanced form of medical technology available at that particular time. Another crucial step that was taken by the Emperor was the alignment of the hospitals with the religious paradigm. The Ruler of that time made it mandatory to attach the hospitals with the form of every cathedral and monastery. This form of instruction also ultimately helps to increase the demand for the nurses to provide assistance to the doctors in the overall provision of health and care services.
The 10th and 11th centuries were also crucial in the expansion of the profession of nursing in the western world. The prospect of nursing was immensely growing due to the different instructions delivered by the rulers of that time period. The particular facet of the establishment of the monasteries was introduced in the form of housing hospitals as well as the effective consideration of the separate infirmary (“The History of Nursing”). This type of particular consideration was closely related to the prevailing form of religion in the western world. These particular forms of monasteries made it mandatory for the nurses to provide different forms of services to the patients more than the basic form of general health and care services for the patients. It is notable to mention that this particular model of health provision was immensely recognized and implemented by many countries of the west. Germany and France are the significant names that come with the adoption of this particular model of health and care provision in the case of patients. This specific model provides the necessary guidelines to the nurses regarding their responsibilities closely concerning the health and care regime in case of patients. This health model provides general guidelines about the facet of health and cares even in the case of today’s prospect of health. It also comes with the consideration of the availability of nurses for the patients belonging to the neighboring areas through the particular approach of house calls.
The overall structure of the monasteries in that particular time period demands the increasing need for nurses and doctors to provide health services to the patients. It was considered the duty of the priest to give the necessary aid to the hospital staff which can be identified as the form of residence in the case of doctors and nursing staff. These particular forms of actions play a vital role in the determination of short and long-term facets of the health and care prospect, especially in the case of Germany. Almost 150 hospitals were established between the years 1200 and 1600. It was the time of the huge expansion of the role of nurses in the case of western civilization. The facet of nursing was dramatically changed with the development of the paradigm of hospitals in Europe. To conclude this, it is crucial to mention that the particular era of the 1000s was also crucial as it comes with the immense form of consideration of the charitable houses. The characteristics of this type of health and care provision were different as compared to the facet of the churches and monasteries. This particular development of the feature of nursing is closely related to the provision of the certain richer client which appear with the consideration of any form of grants and other medicines. This particular form leads the nursing sector to a new and different paradigm of health and care which opens the ways to the modern form of nursing in the region of the west.
Klainberg, Marilyn, and Kathleen Dirschel. Today’s Nursing Leader: Managing, Succeeding, Excelling. Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2010.
“The History of Nursing.” Nursing Theory, 2016, http://www.nursing-theory.org/articles/The-History-of-Nursing.php.
Theofanidis, Dimitrios, and Despina Sapountzi-Krepia. “Nursing and Caring: An Historical Overview from Ancient Greek Tradition to Modern Times.” International Journal of Caring Sciences, vol. 8, no. 3, 2015, p. 791.