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Mental Illness, Mental Disorder, and Corresponding Therapies

Mental illness is the state of mind, that interferes with the person’s ability to carry out daily life and affects the ability to make choices. However, this lack of decision-making power has some degree; even a severe mental disorder can make decisions to some extent. Examples of psychological disorders include anxiety, panic attacks, and bipolar disorder. Anxiety is the feeling when a person is nervous about things that are going to happen. The two types of initial treatment through talk, recommended for anxiety are Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Applied Relaxation Therapy. Bipolar disorder affects mood and often results in a person having either a very high mood (excited) or a very low mood (depression). Bipolar disorder treatment includes enhancing coping strategies through Behavioural Therapy and Cognitive Therapy (Walker & Druss, 2017).

A mental disorder is any illness that signifies psychological and behavioral problems with distressing symptoms or damage to one or more functions. Nevertheless, mental disorders do not always comprise severe diseases. This is not to say that it does not need medication; mental disorder patients are always answerable for their behavior or they do not need empathy. Causes of mental disorders are the genetic tradition for example parents with depression. Some cases of this illness are eating disorders and substance abuse. Eating disorders involve extreme behavior toward weight and food; they are afraid of getting extremely fat or thin. Treatment for eating disorders varies depending on the level and type of problem. Significant therapies concerning this issue are Medical Nutrition Therapy and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy.

Most people diagnosed with drug addiction have also suffered from severe mental disorders, and medical experts refer to this as a co-occurring disorder. When a person uses alcohol to cope with his/her unpleasant experiences, suffering, or anxiety, it shows a link between mental illness and drug abuse. An undiagnosed mental condition, which a person tries to cure with drugs, results in substance abuse. Nowadays, medical professionals are treating co-occurring disorders separately.


Walker, E. R., & Druss, B. G. (2017). Cumulative burden of comorbid mental disorders,

Substance use disorders, chronic medical conditions, and poverty on health among adults in the

The USA. Psychology, health & medicine, 22(6), 727-735.



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