Academic Master




The aim of this paper is to discuss about the elderly and their view about aging. After several efforts on looking for a person to interview I finally met an old man outside the church and requested him if I can interview him. At first it wasn’t easy but after a length conversion he gave in and accepted to conduct an interview with him during the midweek at his apartment.


The interview kicked off well with the respondent a little nervous. During the interview the old man revealed to me that he lives alone. He has two children both of them are ladies and got married in different nations. Her wife died in her late forties due to lung cancer. He has been living alone since then and taking care of himself since her two daughters rarely come to visit her.

Due to my anxiety I asked the respondent what he loved doing most in his youth stage and misses a lot. Openly he told me that he misses his youthful life. He enjoyed playing football and basketball. They were one of his best games he used to play with his friends.

Elder’s View of Aging

When I asked him about his view about aging his response was quick and first. He said that aging is a process and is a blessing from God. It’s something that you cannot avoid and everybody has to pass through it.

During the interview we discussed various challenges the elderly face. We started off the interview on how aging adults start to feel when they about nursing-home care. The response he gave is that it’s not a good situation when they hear about that. Most of them start to fear that their dead is approaching. These causes a lot of mental problems worsening their health more. From the interview the respondent acknowledges that nurses who are employed in the nursing home should practice more caring to them than more of dictating to them.

Another issue we discussed is about the diet which the old adults and the aging are taking. Most adults more so those are aging skip meals regularly. The respondent told me that this is due to a lot of stress which they undergo. You find some are divorced and widowed so they do not somebody who takes care of them. Some of them they have lack enough teeth to eat meals that they require chewing. Due to this they result in poor nutritional leading to their poor health. He advised nurses should understand them and not judging them why their health is in poor state.

The last and third issue that I came across the old adults go through is the challenge of financial problems. The respondent told me that most of the aging adults lack enough finances. Due to this challenge they fear how they are going to get assistance from those who are going to take care of them. Some of them will look down upon them and they won’t get enough care.

At the end of the interview I thanked the respondent for his time, the honesty of his answers and the patience he had shown. This is due to the fact that view people like to share their private as they fear to be disclosed and discussed to others.

Therapeutic Communication Techniques

To gain a deeper understanding of the interview process, this study utilized the Van Mane’s Phenomenological approach to analyze the responses given (Murray, 2018). Therefore, this therapeutic technique was found to be appropriate for the interview. The interview used therapeutic communication techniques such silence and use of broad openings. The silence was employed to enable the elderly couple to digest all the information concerning their life experiences.

Therapeutic communication generates enough information when the respondent is given the opportunity to direct the flow of the interview (Murray, 2018). The respondents gained a chance to communicate what they decided concerning the topic of the interview. More insights were developed from this technique. Therefore, the interview highly accredited its utilization. It is a predominant method of collecting data. Mostly, it is applied by the researcher to avoid potential and actual sources of bias (Murray, 2018)

The interview was faced with a semantic barrier. Next time I will avoid the use of more subtopics and be general. The interview brought positive change because the findings were employed by the concerned agencies.

Teaching topic:

Causes of duodenal ulcers

Some of the techniques used to present information included drilling and practice and cognitive domain technique. Drilling and practice helped the respondent commemorate basic health and well-being concepts. Various adult learning principles such as motivation and preparedness to learn initiatives were employed. They were motivated public awareness initiatives which enlightened them the entire structure and content of the lessons. The teaching lesson intended to create awareness on the agencies which facilitate support for the elderly needs. The writing was used to evaluate the cognitive aspect of teaching and tested if they able to taught (Carey, 2018).

The digestive system organs were identified such as small intestines; duodenum, pancreas as well as the enzymes produced was also analyzed. Secretin enzyme is responsible for sending signals in the secretion of water and the bicarbonate from the pancreas (Macinko, 2018).

The study also took into account the duodenal ulcer as well as its causes. Duodenal ulcer is an open score due to the breakage of the lining of the duodenum, which is the upper part of small intestines which is normally connected to the stomach. From the stomach, food moves through the duodenum. Enzymes in the duodenum are stimulated to produce mucus and some chemicals responsible for protecting the tissues and covering its walls from the acid. If the acid interferes with this protection and passes to the walls of the duodenum, it causes an ulcer. In the real sense, men are more affected than human by duodenum ulcers. The infection is also common in the families with the history of duodenal ulcers. (Macinko, 2018).

Symptoms of duodenal ulcers involve the complications such as the bleeding and perforation. This causes a lot of pain which calls for medical attention. The infection is caused by bacteria called H.pylori. Other causes involve the anti-inflammation medication, used by people to relieve muscle pain, which causes excess production of acid in the stomach. Other factors contributing to duodenal ulcers include caffeine, nicotine as well as the excessive consumption of alcohol (Carey, 2018). The prevention of duodenal ulcers involves triple therapy which is aimed at reducing the production of the acid in the stomach.


From the elderly perspective, the interview and teaching added to the list of their best and enlightening life experiences as well as the duodenal ulcers and its effects, symptoms, organisms and other factors that contribute to its infection. According to me, the entire project positively impacted the aging elderly group.


  1. Carey, R. M., & Whelton, P. K. (2018). Prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure in adults: a synopsis of the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension guideline. Annals of internal medicine.
  2. Murray, M. D., Hendrie, H. C., Lane, K. A., Zheng, M., Ambuehl, R., Li, S., … & Gao, S. (2018). Antihypertensive Medication and Dementia Risk in Older Adult African Americans with Hypertension: A Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of general internal medicine, 1-8.
  3. Macinko, J., Leventhal, D. G., & Lima-Costa, M. F. (2018). Primary Care and the Hypertension Care Continuum in Brazil. Journal of Ambulatory Care Management41(1), 34-46.



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