Recovery refers to both internal conditions and external conditions that are a source of ease for the patient. Internal conditions include optimism, therapeutic, as well as authorisation. External conditions include the application of human rights, positive beliefs of therapeutic along with the recovery-oriented services. There are principles of recovery paradigm that need to be combined into mental health nursing practice in order to facilitate the consumer’s recovery. These principles ensure that mental health services are conveyed in a technique that funds the recovery of mental health consumers. This paper will critically analyze the use of principles of recovery paradigm into mental health nursing practices so that nurses can facilitate the consumer’s recovery.
Mental health policy includes the concept of recovery which is used as a person-centred approach. It is fundamentally a new paradigm in mental health that has arisen over the past two decades and is converting structures of care all over the world (Piat & Sabetti, 2009). There are different principles of recovery paradigm and these include uniqueness of the individual. According to this principle, recovery consequences are personal and exclusive to each person. This principle is central to recovery process as it takes into account each person’s uniqueness and his right to take the decision on his life(Piat & Sabetti, 2009). The focus in this rule is to pay attention towards the assorted strengths along with the abilities of each patient instead of paying attention towards the patient’s deficits as well as limitations. This assist patient in achieving their goals with respect to their health issues and become a source of motivation for them in their recovery process. There are barriers in different psychiatric cultures along with bureaucratic administrative procedures for this approach to get ineffective. For example, in numerous healthcare settings, patients have been characteristically projected to be submissive and track the professionals’ programmes and instructions. They are not allowed to take part in their health assessments and establishing the objectives for their betterment. By allowing the central position of the patient, trials that are due to bureaucracy and hierarchies can be addressed effectively. Thus, nurses can accumulate this principle, while dealing with any person who is suffering from any mental health issue.
The other principle is real choices that support and authorizes persons to make their own selections regarding in what way they want to spend their life. A person with mental health issue should also be allowed to spend his life according to his decisions. Nurses are required to allow the patients to participate in the recovery process and make their own decisions (Slade et al., 2014). With the recovery approach, everyone can take control of his own mental health and can participate in its improvement. He can effectively contribute to his wellbeing. But it is also important to note that recovery approach does not impede clinical management. Clinical management plays a vital role along with the use of recovery approach as in recovery process the only patient is given autonomy by carrying out shared decision-making.
Another principle of recovery paradigm is acknowledging their rights and attitudes. Nurses can listen and learn from along with acting upon communications from the patients. This is in accordance with human rights and assists the patient to maintain and construct the patient different activities that are significant to them(Davidson et al., 2007). Moreover, recovery-oriented practice, which is founded on dignity and respect for the patient, identify the likelihood of recovery and wellness. This principle allows the self-management of mental health and facilitates the patient’s families in decision making. Limitations to free will and spontaneous interferences are reduced in this approach and people are encouraged to participate fully in their decision-making process cornering their health. For this purpose, there is a need for courteous, deferential and truthful behaviour in recovery-oriented mental health practice. This will include the respect for each person especially for their values, beliefs as well as culture.
Recovery of a patient that is suffering from any mental health issue must be carried out in partnership with healthcare workers as sharing of different sort of information make the process fast. When patients and nurses work in positive and convincing ways with patients then patients get hopes, objectives along with aspirations. Furthermore, there is a need for unremitting evaluation at numerous levels of patient care, who is suffering from any mental health issue. When there are quality improvement activities then recovery is considered as good in healthcare perspective (Aston & Coffey, 2012). If there is an improvement in housing, occupation, learning along with social and family relationships after carrying out the evaluation, the patient is getting better. These evaluations can be carried out in different dimensions and these are a source of information regarding the patient current state also(Gagne, White, & Anthony, 2007). For example, by evaluating the social and family relationships there is an acknowledgement of different dimensions liked with this association. The improvement in a social relationship will lead to enhanced work opportunities along with the feeling safe while working in the industry.
Even though the backgrounds and customs appear to be unlike, but recovery process has numerous common strands. Recovery process allows the achievement of better results in terms of enhanced patient’s healths. With this process, nurses, who work in close association with patients know in a better way the patient’s issues and participate effectively in lessening their concerns. The use of this approach mainly facilitates the patients and their families but health workers also get benefit with this process especially nurses get help in facilitating the consumer’s recovery(Le Boutillier et al., 2011). Due to the advantages associated with this approach, organizations are in the course of moving to a recovery paradigm.
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Slade, M., Amering, M., Farkas, M., Hamilton, B., O’Hagan, M., Panther, G., … & Whitley, R. (2014). Uses and abuses of recovery: implementing recovery‐oriented practices in mental health systems. World Psychiatry, 13(1), 12-20.