Sociology is the study of society in which people learn about the social norms, values, culture, and religions of a particular group and society. Sociology helps people to understand the society functions by analyzing the lives of people and different groups, their life principles, their societal structure and political systems, social interactions through proper communication methods, the distribution of scarce resources, capital, wealth and its distribution. Sociology provides different perspectives of the society and the details of its functions. Moreover, every society has their specific functions, in which there are different types of stereotypes exist. Many stereotypes are the ones that are logical, but many of them are illogical but still, a part of society, such as the number 13 is considered as the bad number in many societies and it is also considered as unlucky for the humans. Additionally, the power structure of societies is different from each other and has their own principle to distribute the power and wealth in the society. Social and economic structure of societies impacts on the lives of people and provides them a pattern to spend their lives in a specific way. Different societies have different social structure and on a global level many countries which are developing nations have a different societal pattern as compare to the developed nations. For example, the life spending pattern of women is different in developed nations where the women are allowed to take their life decisions and enjoy their rights to liberty. But the life spending pattern of women present in developing nations is completely different from the developed nations, as the most women are not allowed to work, and not allowed to enjoy specified rights with liberty.
Kiri Davis is a girl, who created a short film in 2005 when she was 17. She added the experiment of Dr. Kenneth Clark who conducted an experiment in 1940 on the basis of racism. She conducted the same experiment in the short film and discover that the most children preferred the white doll over the black doll. Through the experiment, Kiri represented that black children prefer white dolls due to their societal impacts that white people are superior to the black ones. The black children are the one who is unconscious victims of society. The movie was based on racism impacts on black people who suffered from hatred and misery from many decades in the country.
Billy Mills is a Native American who won a gold medal in the Olympics game. He started a movement for the rights of American Indian communities and served these communities.
Jackson T. Katz is an American educator, filmmaker, and author of several valuable books. He worked on the gender violence and how to prevent it. He launched the program named Mentors in Violence Prevention. He worked to stop the gender violence and for the prevention of bullying.
Bill McKibben is an American working as an environmentalist as well as a journalist. He has written several papers on the issue of global warming. 350.org is an anti-carbon campaign launched by Bill with his colleagues. The campaign is working on the various environmental factors. It is providing assistance to the coal, oil, and gas projects. Their purpose is to reduce the reasons that are consistently increasing the temperature of the earth. It is working in more than 180 countries worldwide. More than 100 colleges joined this campaign named Fossil Fuel Divestment Campaign. The students of these colleges are providing their proposals for the cause and making valuable efforts in the environmental perspectives. The campaign, its work and its contributions to the environmental factors are valuable and helpful to decrease the pollution from the environment and help to save the natural resources.
Education itself is a social institution through which the students and children are able to learn about their society, culture, religion, norms, and values. An educated person who has sociological tools and its considerable knowledge is able to identify certain sociological perspectives and ability to analyze different norms of the society. Education develops the mind of people and helps to analyze the society with a broader picture. Sociological tools are important and help the people to identify their identity and their societal relationships with other people. An educated person learns to be a good and responsible citizen, and what are his/her responsibilities in their society.
The documentary, “Tough Guise, Violence, Media and the Crisis in Masculinity” is based on a standardized American culture. It was directed and created by Jackson Katz, and the author tried to portray the nature of men. The reason is that most crimes and violent acts are occurred due to boys or men. The author argued that it is the part of the culture in which the men and boys grow. The main important feature of the documentary is the concept that men want to acknowledge their masculinity. According to the author, the destructive measures, violence, and aggressive behavior of men that are dominant in the cultural perspectives of the societies are a consistent part of men and boys. It is due to the fact that people learn from the cultural context, societal environment, and religious settings of the society.
Macionis, J. (2016). Society, the basics (14th ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall.