Health is the basis of life and is crucial to every individual. As humans have progressed through the centuries, so the health standards and way of handling them have also changed. The information Technology is a key operating feature in every field today, and health is also an inclusion. The Health Information Technology refers to the system where health is monitored, and track record of each patient is held in the system. This report sheds light on HIT, its framework, its usage, and benefits of its implementation.
Electronic Medical Records (EMR) system is utilized to record every one of the points of interest and the treatment in every patient in the hospital (McAlearney et al. 2014). This EMR is vital to know the history strength of every patient, what sorts of medication the patient to be prescribed. Also a type of disorder and much more. This information data will be secured in ever office which is associated with the hospital (Majore et al. 2014).
Electronic record management systems is a type of the system that required in these days management. The facility management is the system that has been connected with the hospital management (Weiskopf & Weng, 2013). In the hospital management have been the separation into few stage which are registration, ward, blood donation center, drug store, EMR or electronic restorative report, Radiology, ICU, and staff management (Kern et al. 2014). In the ward stage, there have a couple of sub-stages which are surgery, pediatric, orthopedic, and much more (Nguyen, Bellucci & Nguyen, 2014). The utilization of the electronic system in the hospital is still new and not extremely well known. The case of some system that exists in the portion of the stage in the hospital office is lab data system from the lab division, drug store inventory system in the drug store room and money related report system in the registration part (McAlearney et al. 2014).
Implementation of Health Information Technology (HIT)
To implement the developed HIT, I will make sure of the following specifications:
- I will apply the system in step-wise and modular format.
- Before implementation of each module, the staff will be trained and oriented to make sure that they understand the system well.
- The maintenance and management team will ensure that any issues are handled on time and with proper efficiency.
The needs of this evaluation surround the HIT where the aim is to assess the domain, scope, working efficiency of this idea, optimizations that can be performed in the form of solution to particular problems HIT implementation consists of and lastly to discover the benefits it can provide to end users and health institutions.
This report encapsulates and aims to answer the following research questions:
- How is Information Technology beneficial for Healthcare and Nursing?
- Does it provide better results, If yes, how?
- Does it increase the efficiency of working and outcome for the patients?
- How it addresses the shortcomings of general record keeping in Healthcare?
- How can HIT be improved itself?
The implementation of HIT in generic terms will eradicate the shortcomings of general medical record keeping. For example, if a patient is moving from one region to another and is also diagnosed with a disease, the reports relating to that person might not be available to another healthcare personnel or may be if available then formulated in a way that causes issues while assessing the patient’s treatment history. The implementation of HIT, on the other hand, can resolve this issue by providing a standard way of recording keeping.
Research that is already performed by other researchers in the field provides a solid basis for constituting the baseline of the research topic. The purpose of using outside research is to provide supportive arguments that chosen HIT implementation will benefit the end user and will eradicate a variety of issues in normal operating scenarios in healthcare.
For the HIT implementation assessment purposes, we can use both the qualitative and quantitative approach. The qualitative approach provides us with the figures that determine the inconsistencies in usual operating scenarios while outlining how beneficial is the HIT in the accuracy of data. The qualitative aspect, on the other hand, is more related to the reliability and shows the benefits of long-term record keeping, where it can stay reliable in a system. Thus, both are followed by this assessment.
Research Method Justification
The purpose of implementation of HIT is to increase the system efficiency is to address the problem of manual record inconsistencies. Which can be monitored regarding comparing the computerized record and manual record. The figures or record keeping in both can be controlled using it, therefore, requiring quantitative analysis. Qualitative analysis also encourages the comparison between two while focusing on analyzing if the system is reliable enough to benefit the end user. Thus, both are equally important.
The method of measurement is to compare the record keeping in the manual and computerized form using HIT. The figures point toward, some inconsistency cases, the number of times records were unreliable, overhead and time required for each record in manual and HIT.
Measurement Method Justification
Measurement method followed is based on actual monitoring done on records, thus providing a real-time and real scenario results. The measurements represent the outcome of both systems compared to one another and therefore, provides the results crucial to research.
Considering the research methodology and objective of the study, the recommended data collection tools will include surveys, interviews, and questionnaires. This will help in gathering qualitative data, suggestions, and recommendations that can be used for the specification of the system under development.
Data Collection Benefits
A collection of data makes the process of performing the comparison easy and provides the weight to research making it supportive by usage of figures. The data collection in qualitative perspective also comes with the benefit of showing the system accuracy and reliability factor.
The rationale for data analysis in any research is to provide the data by which the arguments could be devised. The analysis is conducted based on the following rules:
- Select the factor that is to be monitored. For example, in this HIT implementation, it could be time taken to take out patient’s record.
- After choosing the factor, the quantitative analysis is to be conducted on both systems, i.e. time taken to find a record in HIT and old system. The figures represent the comparison between two.
- The qualitative analysis will include a factor like a feature in a system concerning reliability. How to monitor it? It can be done by comparing the results from both options.
The implementation of HIT is without a doubt advantageous over the old manual system because of the number of features and benefits that come with Information Technology and its usage. Even though it provides benefits over the manual system, HIT can still be further optimized to become more productive, for example expanding the system so that the data for patients is accessible globally.
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