We discussed various society’s views of disease causation and cure in both supernatural and natural terms. What were these views, and how would you describe them.
Society view of disease cause and cure
Supernatural views of disease causation
During the ancient times, the society did not understand the causes and cure of diseases. The humans believed that disease was a result of powers beyond control. The societies such as the ancient Greeks believed that disease was a result of the actions of an individual. Furthermore, the persons believed that evil spirits caused illnesses. The society believed that evil spirits came from the dark world or sent by enemies to attack the people with diseases. Additionally, the society also believed that the gods also caused illnesses. The gods sent illnesses to the society due to dissatisfaction with the people’s behaviour. The gods such as Seth in the Egypt belief caused illnesses to the people as punishment for sins. The Romans believed that a god called Asclepius healed the illnesses when the offered sacrifices.
The societies believed in the intervention of powers beyond human understanding to cure the illnesses. The societies believed in curing illnesses through exorcising the demons and keeping the demons away from the people. The priest could cut holes into skulls to allow evil spirits to escape. The trephined skull has proved that the exercise of boring holes on the head happened. Additionally, priests would pray to god to protect the society from demons that caused illnesses and gave people charms to scare away evil spirits. The modern-day aboriginals have continued the activity by burying hair, nails, and faeces so that the demonic powers could not attack.
Natural views of disease causation
The natural beliefs began in the ancient period and explained that diseases did not result from magic or God. The society used herbal medicine to treat persons based on observation and common sense. The Egyptians studied the body and did comparisons with the Nile river irrigation. The observers concluded that the body worked similarly to the irrigation system and that the heart was the most significant organ. The Egyptians believed that illnesses developed when some of the body channels blocked same as the irrigation tunnels. The ancient Greek physician called Hippocrates stated that each disease occurs naturally, and the discovery of the cause results in the finding of a cure.
Natural disease cures
The discoveries in body functions resulted in treatments such as bloodletting and vomiting. The Egyptians discovered the use herbs such as the Edwin Papyrus and honey to treat illnesses. Additionally, the Egyptian doctors started curing of illnesses used more common sense and observation, for example, an injured person would apply herbs to the wound.
Reasons for the prevalence of the views
The views became popular over the years due to the deep researches in the medical field. Many individuals ventured in the field of medicine and discovered herbs that healed the illnesses that affected the persons. The Egyptians discovered how the body works and explained to the societies with advice on how to live well. The people appreciated the methods of treatment and applied to cure illnesses.
Disease played a major role in ancient Greek and Roman civilization, especially in the end. What were these diseases and how did they contribute to the fall of ancient Greece and Rome?
Diseases in the ancient Greek and Roman
The Greek and ancient Rome suffered plagues that affected the society and caused the downfall of the Greeks. The illnesses spread through the regions very fast at a rate that the people could not control. The main illness was smallpox, which affected and killed the people. The smallpox infection affected most of the population resulting in more than 25% deaths. The highly contagious disease caused a rash, high fever, and diarrhea. Additionally, other illnesses caused by viruses such as measles and typhus caused deaths. The evidence of a mass grave proved that the illnesses caused widespread deaths.
The contribution of the illnesses
The illnesses caused mass deaths in the society. Most of the people did not survive the plague that hit the society since the medical researchers had not discovered the medicines to treat the diseases. Therefore, the illnesses resulted in a weakening of the Greek and Roman societies due to the reduction in the populations. The mass death of the warriors who protected the Greek cities resulted in the siege by the Sparta people during the Peloponnesian war.