Academic Master


History and Anthropology

Question One

The British are the ones that colonized the United States of America. However, this was long before the 52 states that make up the USA. In this regard, the colonizers conquered the US state by state, whereby the first state to be occupied by the foreigners was the state of Virginia, whereby Scotsmen and Englishmen began settling in Jamestown as early as 1607. This paved the way for the colonization of other states in the North American region as the first successful attempt by the Britons to colonize America after their failed attempt in establishing the Roanoke Colony in 1590.

Other British colonies that were established after the successful break of 1607 include the Cuper’s Cove colony of 1610, the Renews colony of 1615, the Bristol’s Hope colony of 1618, the Plymouth colony of 1620, the Connecticut colony of 1633, the New Haven colony of 1638, and the New York province, a colony captured in 1664, among many others. Apparently, the pace of colonization of the states was systematical, primarily taking place within the 17th century as most colonies were established during the 1600s. In most cases, the colonies were conquered on an individual basis before they were consolidated into a larger colony covering the entire present-day US.

Question Two

Various British colonies in America were rocked by some revolutions by the locals against the foreign settlers on their land. In most cases, the Americans were inspired to revolt against the British settlers by one or two leading figures in their region, such as Nathaniel Bacon who rallied fellow Virginians to oust the British settlers from their lands during the Bacon’s Rebellion. As such, this was the spark that fellow Americas were waiting for to revolt against the colonizers, with most other colonies following suit and revolting against their imperial powers. In this regard, other states that were rocked by these revolts included New York, Massachusetts, as well as Maryland.

The common trend in most of these revolts was the question of land, in which case the landowners in most of the colonized areas or provinces are the ones that sparked the outbursts. Furthermore, internal divisions also played an instrumental role in promoting the prevalence of these revolutions across most of America’s colonies. In the same regard, the prevailing tensions within their colonial society were some of the reasons attributable to the high prevalence of revolts within the British colonies.

Question Three

The institution of slavery began after America got independence from its colonizers. In this case, the founding fathers, primarily those considered to have played a critical part in promoting the ousting of the colonizers from their land, took the opportunity to award themselves vast tracks of land, in addition to giving themselves an elevated status within the American society. As such, even the commoners, including Native Americans that did not participate in the war to oust the British colonial masters were treated as second-class citizens, some of them subjected to menial duties such as servants and farm workers. The slaves were brought in as the demand for farm labor increased, primarily as a result of the expansion of the Transatlantic Trade. The slaves also joined the American society as second-class citizens without any form of identity but that of their masters alone. As such, the slaves were bought and owned by their White masters as one would buy and own property. Nonetheless, this privilege was primarily bestowed to the first-class citizens, most of whom were landowners including farming tobacco, sugarcane, cocoa, and banana, among other cash crops that were processed and sold within America and other exported to foreign lands.



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