Academic Master

Environmental Science

Global Warming Affects our Lifestyle

Executive Summary

An unnatural weather change won’t just be felt numerous decades from now it is as of now happening and its effects are unmistakably noticeable. This paper accumulates cases from the companion inspected literature of late effects the world over. These incorporate increments in extraordinary climate occasions, harmed coral, changes in natural life disseminations and wellbeing, and expanded movement and plenitude of sickness vectors. In spite of the fact that an immediate connect to a dangerous atmospheric devation is hard to build up for some of these wonders in disconnection, the huge number of changes by and large give clear confirmation of the prompt and developing peril that a dangerous atmospheric devation stances to the economy, human wellbeing, and the biological systems whereupon people and different species depend. Since ozone harming substance contamination remains in the air for a considerable length of time or hundreds of years, mankind may have close to 10 years left to start balancing out the atmosphere to turn away obliterating and irreversible effects. Such an accomplishment will require a purposeful exertion among all countries.


Global warming is defined as the continuous rise in the mean temperature of earth climate or global land and ocean due to the emission of harmful gases by all countries in the world. It is an indication of the high rates of pollution and the overload carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which act as heat-trapping molecules. Global warming and climate change are some of the biggest crisis of the modern time since they lead to problems related to air, animal life, human societies, land, plant life, and water resources (Dincer et al., 2009). Global warming occurs as a product of a rise of global warming gases such as carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of the earth. These gases create a “thickening blanket” in the atmosphere of and have the tendency of trapping the heat from the sun, making the planet warm up.

In compare to past history of the earth’s climate, the average temperature of the earth has been increasing rapidly over the past 50 years. The United States Global Change Research Program state that the temperature of the United States could be increased to between three to nine degrees Fahrenheit at the end of the century. Climate change and global warming have an effect on the earth’s water means, energy supply, agriculture, ecosystems, and transportation.

Literature Review

Climate change and global warming also have impacts on the health of human beings as well as animal life and plant life (Maslin, 2007). The risk of occurrence in illnesses and death to human beings, animals and plants happen to increase as climate change and global warming occur. The occurrence of various diseases that are carried through air, food, soil and water are more prone to occur as climate change and global warming takes place. The impact of global warming on the health of human beings, animal life and plant life also impacts on the cost of living and consequently affecting the economy of countries that are affected.

In addition to these effects, warm climatic conditions have the tendency of increasing the energy of the climate system. This has an impact of causing heavier or low rainfall in some parts of the world impacting on agricultural production as well as food security. High temperatures also impact glaciers by making glaciers to melt, reduces snowfall, and cause the sea levels to rise due to changes in the patterns of precipitation, flooding and erosion.

The rise in the average temperature of the earth also has the tendency of increasing the rate at which ice caps or glaciers melt. The melting of ice caps or glaciers can lead to a rise in the level of sea water. In the past century, global sea level has increased by four to eight inches as a result of global warming. The rise in sea level has an impact on life in the world (Natural Resources Defense Council, 2014). This, also, has an impact on water resources and availability of pure water for drinking. This also has an impact on the availability of water for use in agriculture, food, human activities, animals and plant.

The increase in the temperature of the earth also affects the existence of natural ecosystems, impacting on the existence of different species, plants and animals that cannot adapt to the changes in climate. Global warming and climate change have an impact in rainfall patterns affecting the life of animals and plants which cannot adapt to these changes. A climate change report in the US presented by Cline (2007), state that about 20 to 30% of animal and plant species are in the risk of extinction if the average of the earth temperature increases by more than 3 to 5 degrees Fahrenheit.

According to the report by Cline (2007), approximately two thousand birds and animals species per decade were discovered be moving towards the poles for survival. It is estimated that global warming poses the risk of extinction of more than one million species by 2050. Ocean water is also expected to continue becoming more acidic due to the high emission carbon dioxide gas into the atmosphere. This has the capacity of impacting animals and plant life in the marine ecosystems (Cline, 2007).

Solutions Currently Implemented

There are several strategies being implemented to curb global warming. Currently, countries are being tried to take steps in situation bounds of pollution, spending in renewable or fresh energy and green contracts, driving cooler vehicles, building better transportation networks and focusing on greenhouses and buildings. In a bid to reduce pollution and global warming, the most important step to be undertaken is to set practicable of possible limits on the major sources of these harmful gases, such as power plants and vehicles (Maslin, 2007). In the US, for instance, the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), the Clear Air Act, and the nation’s bedrock air pollution law have the power and duty to fix limits for carbon dioxide pollution from all key causes of this harmful gas. The United States is the largest source of the pollution of carbon dioxide in the world. These agencies have had the responsibly to fix limits for that carbon emissions from power plants and other sources and thus carbon dioxide is expected to reduce by about 26% by the year 2020. The country is expected to adopt the use of clean or renewable energy in the coming years so as to reduce emissions (National Geographic Society, 2014).

Another strategy, currently being undertaken in the United States, is utilizing the Clean Air Act by endorsing emission standards for vehicles and fuel economy. These types of standards help to reduce fuel consumption and carbon emissions since vehicles are the second largest source of carbon pollutions. With the Clear Air Act, the target of the United States is to reduce vehicles’ carbon emission by half by the year 2026. Moreover, vehicles manufacturers have been able to manufacture fuel economy and fewer emission vehicles using modern technology.

Countries are also focused on investing in green jobs and clean energy to reduce pollution from power plants which utilize coal or fossil fuel to generate energy. The U.S. for instance has invested about $90 billion in renewable and clean energy. This is expected to result in a decrease in the amount of gasses that lead to pollution by approximately 560 million tons every year. This initiative is also expected to create several jobs and save about $50 billion used in dealing with climate change impacts (Natural Resources Defense Council, 2014).

Building and appliances are the third highest source carbon emission that lead to global warming. In the U.S., building and appliances account for almost 40% energy uses. Countries in the world have taken the initiative to encourage their citizens to use energy more efficiently so as to reduce carbon emissions. This has been done by improvising energy efficient appliances such as installing energy efficient lighting, heating and cooling systems and implementing energy saving standards which contribute to reducing carbon emissions. The use of energy efficient appliances in homes helps to save energy expenses and reduce global warming emissions (Archer, 2009).

The development of better transportation networks and design of walkable communities near transport is also another strategy that helps in reducing global warming emissions. Countries are also expanding on public transport systems that reduce people dependency on car and bicycle, such as rail. This helps in saving people time and money spends on fuel and gas, which contribute reduce pollution.

Conclusion and Recommendations

All the nations in the world should develop and implement strategies that aid in the utilization of clean and renewable energy sources such as such as solar energy, hydro-electric power, wave or wind energy, biogas energy as well as geothermal heat. This would help to generate clean and renewable energy and thus protecting the environment and reduce the carbon emission. The use of renewable energy reduces pollution caused by global warming gasses produced by the combustion of fuel and coal to generate energy (Natural Resources Defense Council, 2014). Companies should also invest in manufacturing plants that utilize energy efficiently so as to reduce pollution and global and protect the health of people and the environment as well.

Investing in an industry based on clean and renewable energy will also help in generating jobs in a country. In the social point of view of the nation, investing in renewable energy aids protecting the environment and maintaining a healthy nation due to reduced emissions of harmful gases to the atmosphere (Dincer, Midilli, Hepbasli & Karakoc, 2009). Investment in clean and renewable energy would help to secure energy for future use by reducing overdependence in fuel for energy.

Work Cited

Archer, D. (2009). Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast. USA: John Wiley & Sons.

Cline, W.R. (2007). Global Warming and Agriculture: Impact Estimates by Country. USA: Peterson Institute.

Diffenbaugh, N. S., Singh, D., Mankin, J. S., Horton, D. E., Swain, D. L., Touma, D., … & Rajaratnam, B. (2017). Quantifying the influence of global warming on unprecedented extreme climate events. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(19), 4881-4886.

Dincer, I., Midilli, A., Hepbasli, A. & Karakoc, T.H. (2009). Global Warming: Engineering Solutions. NY: Springer.

Maslin, M. (2007). Global Warming: Causes, Effects, and the Future. China: MBI Publishing Company.

National Geographic Society. (2014). Global Warming. Retrieved from:

Natural Resources Defense Council. (2014). Global Warming Solutions. Retrieved from:

Natural Resources Defense Council. (2014). Global Warming. Retrieved from:



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