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expanding industries across the globe during the technological revolution

In the late 19th century, new technologies were responsible for changing the look of production, and as a result, new heights of economic development were experienced. The Second Revolution was a significant change for many people as many inventions were made. The second Revolution also called the Technological Revolution, differed from the first Industrial Revolution as it relied more on steel, chemicals, and electricity, like before when people relied more on steam, coal, and iron.

Men and women came together to work hand in hand to develop new inventions while improving the older devices. These innovations were used in various fields as some designs made communication and transportation more accessible. With these inventions travelling became faster, streets safer, construction materials stronger, and household chores easier.

During the Industrial Revolution, electricity benefits were universal, and by the end of the century, significant power stations could supply current over a considerable distance. Another new technology that contributed to the success of the industrial revolution was the chemical industry. Apart from the sudden developments of industries, other significant changes were experienced. Mass marketing productions began improving. There was an increase in demand and supply as many businesses were developed to sustain the market. The American economy was boosted as it entered the industrial revolution between 1870 and 1914. Local products and communities were removed from the shadow and allowed to show their products to the world. Many people were seen moving from the farms and going to the cities to work. Though unstable, the economic growth at this time was extraordinary as it was highly profitable. The Second Industrial Revolution was responsible for fueling the Gilded Age. Compared to other nations, the United States experienced the highest economic growth, and as a result, the US became the world’s leader in applied technology.  Some of the significant inventions that were experienced in the Second Industrial Revolution included:


The second industrial revolution was profoundly connected to the first revolution. The developing textile industry was responsible for encouraging 19th-century chemical research that focused on bleaches, dyes, and cleaning agents. The revolution majorly concentrated on related research. Many viewed the revolution to be a product of science. The age of steel began during the First Industrial Revolution, but the development of steel manufacturing improved during the Second Industrial Revolution.  During the first half of the revolution, steel was costly, and people opted to use iron. Later, innovators came together to join their thoughts, and they decided to produce steel from pig iron. By the 1840s, many manufacturing companies were seen focusing on and choosing this process due to its expensive nature. Scientists aimed to identify the chemical composition of various ores while trying to understand the chemical reactions during steel and iron making.

In 1856, a scientist from Britain named Henry Bessemer was able to develop a simple solution to the issue of steelmaking. In his solution, making steel from pig iron only required less than one hour compared to the time before, which required days. However, this was not a complete solution, resulting in Siemens-Martin developing the open hearth process to take the steel-making process to the next level. The open hearth process made it possible to reach high temperatures by using waste gases aimed at reheating interior blocks. However, this method was not suitable for phosphoric ores. Many trials were made with time, and eventually, a process was obtained that never lacked all these flaws in Britain. This resulted in the United States steel industry coming up with significant improvements if it were to be on top of other nations. As of 1887, many new processes were developed, and as a result, the cost of steel was lowered, and the final output was achieved. Specialist alloys and cheaper steel were once responsible for transforming and developing the American industry.


The Technological revolution was responsible for developing and growing industries in various parts of the world such as Britain and the United States. With the help of numerous inventions, new industries were developed and as the industries grow so does the state’s economy. New job opportunities were created and trade between countries was enhanced. Some nations we see today would never have been where they are if it were not for the inventors who brought about the Second Industrial Revolution.


“Cornell University Library Making Of America Collection”. N.p.,

  1. Web. 25 June 2017.

Labor Movements Of The World In The Twentieth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Print.

Upchurch, Thomas Adams. Historical Dictionary Of The Gilded Age. Lanham (Etats-Unis): Scarecrow Press, 2009. Print.



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