The prospect of euthanasia is one of the crucial issues of debate today in the world. The feature of euthanasia come up with many different considerations. The specific word euthanasia is known as the happy death or the mercy killing. It is the prospect which allowing the person to die (Biggs). It is essential to consider that giving permission someone to die is moral but killing someone under the paradigm of euthanasia cannot be justified. The concept of euthanasia is characterized as the practice of killing a person by choice who is dealing with an immense level of pain and suffering. It is a deliberate attempt to finish someone’s life for the sake of providing relief with an immense form of physical pain. There is always remain some concerns which are associated with the practice of euthanasia.
The particular practice of kill someone without the consideration of the prospect of nature makes it one controversial topic. The feature of controversy involved with the following phenomenon because it involves many different forms of moral and ethical features. There are some people who provide an ethical basis to consider it as the unethical and illegal activity to kill someone even if he/she suffers from chronic health concerns (“Should Euthanasia or Physician-Assisted Suicide Be Legal?”). There is another side of opinion which comes with the favor of the practice of euthanasia. The pro and the against opinions approach about the practice of euthanasia make it as the topic of controversy. Here the focus is to identify different perspectives related to the ethical controversy of euthanasia and provide the arguments that why it should not be considered as an option.
Debate on Euthanasia
It is evident that euthanasia is the one debatable issue over time when it comes to legalizing this practice on a vast level. Different forms of ethical and legal considerations are presented for both the perspectives of patients and healthcare providers. The following approach to euthanasia also concerns to the one form of ethical dilemmas which is faced by doctors. Undoubtedly, it becomes difficult decision for the doctors when they have to make decisions about health and care in case of chronic illness. Difficult conditions demand them to consider difficult decisions referring to the approach of moral reasoning. The decisions of health provision become difficult for the doctors when they have to deal with the different forms of ethical dilemmas such as euthanasia. The phenomenon of euthanasia is defined as murder or killing as it considers the immoral approach or position of the physicians based on their obligations. It is the reality that it is a tough decision for the healthcare providers to withhold or withdraw treatment in case of a patient who suffers from a chronic health condition (Levin et al.). It is crucial and difficult perspective due to different cultural, religious, and legal considerations. It is notable to mention that different nations have a different approach to adopting the feature of euthanasia. There are laws in many countries which permit the willful killing of the person who goes through with extreme form of pain due to the chronic illness, and there are no chances of cure. While there are also many countries who strongly condemn and prohibited the practice of euthanasia as it is considered as the action against the strong ethical foundations. There is an example of few individual cases in which people try to convince government and the court to legally permit the feature of euthanasia because it is the only form of relief in case of severe pain or lethal disease which is incurable.
Religious foundations of the world never encourage the idea of euthanasia as it is considered as the immoral or unethical activity to kill oneself without the will of God. It is considered as the suicide which is sinful activity because want to finish their lives just due to worldly problems and pain. The religious perspective changes the overall feature of the debate in case of euthanasia as it never comes up with many cultural and spiritual considerations. The concept of euthanasia is also the crucial perspective under philosophical considerations. Many philosophers come up with the approach that it is not just the actions which are associated with killing but allow someone to die can also be recognized as a form of killing under the phenomenon of euthanasia (Quill et al.). The element of cause plays a crucial role to determine the concept of euthanasia as ethical or unethical practice as it is crucial to understand the reasons and consequences associated with the fact to allow someone to die willingly.
Kinds of Euthanasia
It is crucial to understand that the feature of euthanasia can be identified through its different kinds. A proper understanding of the form of euthanasia helps to make inferences about its ethical perspective. The active form of euthanasia is the one most discussed form which is defined as the acts of painlessly lead someone to the death to give relief from the chronic and incurable form of the disease. This form of euthanasia can be implemented by giving the heavy dose of medicine which ultimately becomes the reason for the killing. Passive is another broader form of the prospect of euthanasia. It is identified as the paradigm in which healthcare providers allows patients to die if they struggle immense form of pain and turmoil due to their severe health conditions (Inbadas et al.). When doctors are not giving a required form of medicines to the patient with the intention to kill is the example of the passive type of euthanasia. Both the wide terms of euthanasia can be explained the concepts of the voluntary and non-voluntary form of euthanasia. Voluntary euthanasia concerning to the particular cases when the patient himself/herself gives consent or request to the healthcare providers for the specific kind of medical treatment or non-treatment to get relief from the misery and pain of their severe health conditions.
This form of euthanasia based on the patients who are characterized by the functional state of mind and fully willing to finish their life due to the severe effects of any chronic disease (Pereira). It is also observed that sometimes patients permits their relatives to decide their life on their behalf. On the other hand, the approach of non-voluntary euthanasia is different because it is not based on the decision made by the individual who is to die (Materstvedt et al.). The patient with an unconscious mind can be considered as the example of non-voluntary euthanasia when a doctor or the relatives decide about his/her death due to the health condition. It can be characterized as the one severe form of murder or killing because the individual does not have the idea that his/her life is going to be end soon. All the death decisions are identified under the prospects of voluntary and non-voluntary forms of euthanasia.
Arguments about Euthanasia
There is the existence of many arguments which are strongly raised against the practice of euthanasia in many parts of the world. The first major argument against the following concept is that it is totally against the will of God. People do not have right to interfere in the doings of God. It is obligatory for the humans to accept the decisions of nature and God exactly the way they are and do not try to refuse the will of God. Many critics come with the argument that the practice of euthanasia cannot be justified because there is the purpose of nature behind every prospect of nature. If someone immensely suffers from some fatal disease that there should be some universal approach behind that and individuals should respect the decisions of God by accepting their state of life.
It is crucial to describe the counterpoint about this particular argument to make successful inferences about the ethical concern of euthanasia. Some individuals believe that the option of euthanasia should not be rejected in the specific cases where people immensely suffer from their life just because it is against the will of God. It is argued that how one can make inferences about the fact that what God wants. God provides intellect to the individuals to make decisions to make their life easy. People should adopt the approach in their life which give them more happiness and less suffering. It is feasible for the individuals to decide end of their life if their suffering gets immense and unbearable. It is recommended for the humans that when life becomes troubling for them than they should have the authority to end their life (Emanuel et al.). This form of counter-argument can be easily rejected by deeply understand the prospects of comfort and trouble in life. It is crucial for the humans to accept the reality of life and understand the true approach to life. It is obligatory for the humans to think about that why God created them critically. Religions of the world provide the perspective that suffering and the pain is the evident part of humans’ life and they cannot segregate themselves from this happening. People have to deal with different forms of troubles in their lives, so it does not mean that they end their life due to the trouble. Severe health issues are also the one form of trouble for the humans from God, and they should accept this as the test with patients. Ending of life cannot be the solution of the problem as it eliminates all the chances of betterment and development in life.
Another valid and strong argument against the consideration of euthanasia is that it is immensely difficult to decide that someone is fully willing about the feature of the voluntary euthanasia. Consent of the patient about the murder is always come up with the less surety as every individual love life, and no one wants to end his/her life on a permanent basis. There is the valid chance that patient agrees to end their life, but it is only come up with the temporary emotional state of mind and never mean it in real.
The argument against this point is raised in the form that there are some cases in which individuals are all willing to end their lives because they immensely suffer from the chronic form of diseases. When people understand this reality that they are dealing with the incurable disease than they can go for voluntary consent of killing themselves. This particular point of for the euthanasia can be rejected by considering the emotional state of the patients. It is quite clear that people who suffer from different lethal diseases in their lives mostly show the confused and distorted state of mind. They indicate about the imbalance approach about their emotional patterns. There is the possibility that sometimes they ask for the death due to their pain, but that does not prove that want the practice of euthanasia to end their life.
The wrong diagnosis by the healthcare providers is another approach which determines the fact that euthanasia should not be the one option for the patient. Undoubtedly, there is the possibility that doctor wrongly diagnoses the health prospect and there will be a chance of cure in case of the patient. It never seems feasible decision to take someone’s life just by the doctor’s approach. All the chances of treatment should be considered as the different medical advancements are the reality of today’s world.
The following argument of the wrong diagnosis is rejected through the justification that there are very fewer chances of the wrong health assessment by the doctors. There are many fewer chances when doctors failed to properly and correctly diagnose the aspect of incurable illness. This particular feature cannot be considered as the approach to accepting euthanasia as the legal and ethical practice for the people. It is crucial to understand that the chances of the wrong judgment is always there and cannot avoid this happening. It can happen in any case as human error cannot be fully rejected irrespective of the technological advancement in the field of medicine. It is accepted that diagnosis at the doctors’ end is not always wrong but what if it is wrong judgment. The aspect of misdiagnosis cannot be fully avoided, and euthanasia should not be the point of consideration as the chances of the wrong diagnosis in case of incurable health concern is always there.
Another crucial aspect which makes the overall argument strong against the approach of euthanasia is that there are the chances that legalization of euthanasia opens many wrong ways for people. Individuals can use this particular practice in many wrong ways as it is the approach which has the potential to encourage a non-voluntary form of euthanasia. Regular practice euthanasia can be the cause of the generation of many immoral approaches in the society. If it became difficult for the people to take care old people than they can go for the option of non-voluntary euthanasia which is entirely against the right to live for every individual. The exercise of euthanasia can be common in the society as people feel difficult to take care of the individuals who are dependent on the others as they are disabled or very old. There is not the second opinion about the fact that the feature of the euthanasia can be the cause of many immoral features in the society (Ferreira). This form of argument is answered by many people to initiate strict rules with the consideration of the euthanasia. There should be the strong implementation of the policies related to voluntary death decisions to eliminate the chances of non-voluntary euthanasia in the society. The following argument of counterpoint for the case of euthanasia can be easily rejected because most of the time it is immensely difficult to differentiate the difference voluntary and non-voluntary forms of euthanasia. If things are misjudged by people in case of the practice of euthanasia than it will end with the valuable life of the individual by killing or murder.
Another crucial aspect which eliminates the approach of the euthanasia is that it is crucial for the people to understand that life is a very precious gift from God which should be handled carefully. It is the one necessary obligation for the people to understand and consider the blessedness of life. Life is not something which is taken as for granted as it is the only chance for the individual to connect with their loved ones with the consideration of all the prevailing problems.
There are many individuals who present the approach in favor of the practice of euthanasia is that everyone has their rights. There should be liberty for everyone to decide their life to live or give up their lives (Harris). It should be individuals’ decision that what they want to do with their lives. The following argument can easily be rejected with the point that society should not allow individuals to give up on their lives as it can be the factor of encouragement for the practice of suicide. It is crucial for the people to consider that when the aspect of suicide is not acceptable in the society than what makes the practice of euthanasia is acceptable for people. It is crucial for the society to understand that life is the gift of God and although sometimes it is come up with the feature of pain the people must live through it according to the will of God.
To conclude the discussion about the prevailing practice of euthanasia in the society is that it is crucial for the people to make decisions about life and death by consideration the features of morality and ethics. It is crucial for the society never to consider the approach of euthanasia as it is not only applied in case of individuals who suffer from the problem of fatal illness. If this practice is legalized, then it can become the option for those as well who are not severely ill. It can encourage the prospect of killing for those people who are not willing to undergo the pain of the low intensity. Allowing practice of euthanasia can encourage people to use this for their benefits to avoid their responsibilities of care and concern for others.
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