Case Study # 1
The ethical principle violation is a severe offense in nursing field; therefore, the nursing staff, as well as the medical staff, must always remain conscious towards it. Autonomy is an ethical principle that allows everyone to make an informed decision related to their own personal matters without any involvement or pressure from others (Grace & DRN, 2017). At present, the role of autonomy has become even more critical than it was in the nursing field, as social values have relocated to elaborate medical quality in terms of results, which are of significance to the patients though these are even more important for medical professionals. There should be a sign of respect for patients’ autonomy, only then effective advance directives and informed consent could be attained in the nursing field. The nursing staff has to follow all the moral and ethical principles that are designed and developed to encourage effective relationships among the patients (Grace & DRN, 2017). In recent times, the moral code of nursing has moved closer to the nurses’ duty to recognize the human moralities and self-esteem of the patient so, this is pondered in some certified rules for nurses developed by an International Council for Nurses.
Case Study # 2
The burnout issue, i.e., “Patient’s Autonomy” discussed in Case Study #1 is of critical importance, which must be addressed through effective interventions by the nursing professionals. Every individual has the right to make the un-influenced and rational decision for his/her self; this is the main reason that autonomy is considered as the critical indicator of health in the nursing field. At present, the evolutions of various fatal diseases are illustrated merely by the loss of autonomy. Like for example, dementia is a common disease that always results in loss of autonomy among the older adults. The patients who have dementia must not be forced for any kind of decision just for the sake that they forget what is to be done and when to be done. If the nursing or medical staff is found involved in any such attempts, it would undoubtedly be considered a violation of medical ethical principle, i.e. ‘Autonomy’ (Gaudine & Beaton, 2016). The individuals that are lacking in their mental capacity could be treated according to their best of interests, but any patient must not be encouraged for any kind of medical treatment until he/she is not willing to go for it.
Gaudine, A. P., & Beaton, M. R. (2016). Employed to go against one’s values: nurse managers’ accounts of ethical conflict with their organizations. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research Archive, 34(2).
Grace, P. J., & DRN, P. (Eds.). (2017). Nursing ethics and professional responsibility in advanced practice. Jones & Bartlett Learning.