This research is focused on the impact of junk food availability in increasing scarcity of good quality food. The research will provide data about the conditions of low-income neighborhoods and the effect junk food availability has on obesity. The research will be backed up by studies done on this topic and will provide a potential solution to the problem.
Topic of research
Effects of junk food market on food deserts.
Food deserts are a result of the excessive availability of junk food, and it is the main cause of the grown level of dietary and health issues in urban regions.
Increasing availability of junk food gives rise to the development of food deserts. The people who live in areas that have more junk food available are the most affected by the adverse effects of food deserts. The issues created by junk food mostly affect the low-income neighborhoods and the people are left with no choice but to compromise on food quality which in turn creates health concerns.
Purpose of research/Rationale
With the increasing promotion of junk food, people are more attracted towards junk food. This motivates junk food industries to focus their market towards these areas where the consumption is more. This increase in junk food availability gives rise to food deserts. The number of food deserts is greater in low-income areas because people accept junk food as an option rather than buying quality grocery, meat, and cereals which are higher in cost. This research is focused on adverse effects that increasing junk food availability has on some food deserts.
The research is focused on the impacts of junk food industry on increasing number of food deserts. We have used four resources for research that we will use to provide our argument.
The first study focuses on the availability of ethnic food stores in giving rise to food deserts. This research provides a hypothesis that availability of healthy food options change people’s choices and lack of proper quality supermarkets affect the provision of healthy food. The study collects data from West Huntsville, which is a suburban neighborhood in Alabama. These areas have a more diverse population with 69% African American and 9% Hispanic population. These populations have less monthly income, and right quality foods are negligible in these neighborhoods. The reason provided for food deserts in this area is the less availability of affordable markets and grocery stores.
The second research is focused on the relation of obesity with food deserts. The target area of this research is the rural population of Pennsylvania and more specifically the schools of these rural areas. This research uses a geographical data information system to find the prevalence of obesity in areas where quality foods are scarce. The study analyses school children’s body max index data of areas that are more economically challenged and have poor quality food resources.
The third resource we will use is focused on urban inequality that originates food deserts in Philadelphia. It focuses on the relationship of urban development, organized system of quality food items delivery, and density of population in giving rise to quality food scarcity. There is a need for redefining the structure of urban areas.
The last resource is about the relation of obesity with various aspects of the food environment. It surveyed some people from the US population. The United States Department of agricultural food plans linked food desert conditions with the individual conditions and status of neighborhoods. The study focuses on some factors play a role in obesity prevalence. The food stores density within a limited population is significantly related to the obesity status of that area.
- Statistical data from different neighborhoods will be collected
- Availability of good quality food items and groceries will be analyzed.
- The data will be compared with the consumption of junk food and obesity ratio
- The survey will be conducted to find the people’s responses about the availability of quality food.
- Consensus will be provided based on the data collected from neighborhood and people’s response.
Bukenyaa①, James O. “The Importance of Ethnic Food Stores in Identifying Food Deserts: A Case Study of Huntsville, Alabama.” Journal of Food Distribution Research 49.1 (2018).
Chen, Danhong, Edward C. Jaenicke, and Richard J. Volpe. “Food environments and obesity: household diet expenditure versus food deserts.” American journal of public health 106.5 (2016): 881-888.
Deener, Andrew. “The Origins of the Food Desert: Urban Inequality as Infrastructural Exclusion.” Social Forces 95.3 (2017): 1285-1309.
Schafft, Kai A., Eric B. Jensen, and C. Clare Hinrichs. “Food deserts and overweight schoolchildren: evidence from Pennsylvania.” Rural Sociology 74.2 (2009): 153-177.