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different sentencing procedures that judges apply to punish the offenders

Sentencing is a process that includes a tough decision as a responsibility of judges. Its primary purpose is to provide justness for the public, the target of misconduct, and the offender. In a broader perspective, the criminal, regulatory systems grant judges to wide-ranging un-restricted authorities in punishing the offenders. The judges have various options in the sentencing process, counting upon the importance of the criminalities (Roberts, 2003). In a case of less severe crimes, the judge might enforce a fine, command the delinquent to practice public services, keep the culprit on trial, or inflict a few additional substitutes to imprisonment. The judge’s alternatives are further restricted if the corruption is severe or when the criminal carries a lengthy previous illegal record (“Sentencing, Section V”).

Death Penalty

In the US, 38 countries and the federal government have laws that approve the death penalty. Today, the death penalty is enforced nearly for voluntary manslaughter. Though, it is a punishment that is seldom imposed. An order from the higher court might reverse the criminal’s verdict. Recent death penalty laws contain assassination on contract, the massacre of more than one man, the killing of a police officer, a murder that includes suffering, or shooting for equipping another misconduct, like theft with weapons or sexual attack (“Sentencing, Section V”).


Detention or custodial verdict is a possibility in many law-breaking circumstances. It comprises misbehaviors as well as crimes. For example, the Texas penal code classifies misbehaviors as Class A, Class B, or Class C. Class A misbehaviors have the most severe crimes, and Class C has the most serious crimes. Criminals who come under Class C can’t be punished in jail, the offenders lying under Class B can be punished in prison for around 180 days, whereas, criminals coming under Class A can be put into jail for about one year. All authorities in the US now have commandments that recommend obligatory least terms of incarceration for designated misconducts (“Sentencing, Section V”).


The primary alternative to imprisonment is trial. A traditional trial verdict does not involve incarceration in jail. Instead, the judge issues the criminal to the public and executes some conditions that he/ she decides to accept. The circumstances of trial usually contain regularly meeting a trial officer and a prerequisite for the criminal to follow all commandments. Some additional circumstances might comprise drug testing, drug misuse cure, and participating in learning schemes. During this period, the punishment could be amended if the offender tried to break any state or law (“Sentencing, Section V”).

Intermediate Sanctions

Various accessible transitional agreements are envisioned to fill the gap between conventional trials and prolonged captivity.

  • Boot camp schemes aim to focus on young, nonaggressive misdemeanor lawbreakers with no extensive previous illegal records.
  • House capture, with or without electric observing, is an original authorization used mostly for nonaggressive criminals.
  • The main use of public examination is as a situation of trial or as a penalty for negligible road traffic misdemeanors.
  • Financial consequences, such as penalties, fees, and compensation to the sufferer, are often obligatory on criminals condemned of misbehaviors and offenses in American courts.

As the judges make an effort to customize verdicts that suit criminals and conflict to execute appropriate penalties, judges acknowledge the destruction caused by the criminality, the liability and accountability of the wrongdoer, and the lawbreaker’s probability for improvement and restoration. Their impairment evaluation depends directly on the type and seriousness of the corruption. In other words, the sentence enacted by the judge will be equivalent to the destruction caused by the criminality; the penalty will fulfill the criminality. Adjudicators also try to customize verdicts that are appropriate to the criminal. The judge inspects the criminal history, his life history, and present conditions (“Sentencing, Section V”).

The foremost penalties criminals receive are retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and incapacitation (Demleitner, 2017). Retribution means imposing a penalty proportional to the destruction produced. However, a restriction can be explicit or broad. Incapacitation simply means creating a criminal who cannot constrain corruption (Pollock, 2008). Consideration then goes to corporeal penalties, with an importance on the demise punishment, and elimination of a lawbreaker from a region through expulsion. It also inspects custody as a method of penalty, along with trial and public management, the creation of drug courts intended to restore as an alternative to imprisoning drug delinquents, and monetary permissions or fines. In recent years, rehabilitation has also been added to alter the person’s morals, outlook, principles, and actions. (Demleitner, 2017).

If you disagree with a law court verdict or ponder that your punishment is too strict, you can request a higher court. However, a higher court could discard your request and punish you even more terribly. Take authorized guidance before determining to request a verdict. You have one month to make an appeal from the day you get the punishment. You can require in contrast to guilty judgments and verdict ruggedness. If a Magistrates Court condemns you, you will be requested to go to a District Court. Only a District Court judge will listen to your request. If you were sentenced by a District Court or the Supreme Court, you would request to go to the Queensland Court of Appeal, where three judges will listen to the request. No judges are included in applications (“Appealing a Court,” 2018).


Appealing a court decision | Your rights, crime and the law. (2018, January 17). Retrieved February 08, 2018, from

Demleitner, N. V. (2017, June 16). Types of Punishment – Oxford Handbooks. Retrieved February 06, 2018, from

Pollock, J. M., & Stone, S. (2008). Crime and justice in America: an introduction to criminal justice. Newark, NJ: LexisNexis Matthew Bender.

Roberts, A. R. (2003). Critical issues in crime and justice. Thousand Oaks (Calif.): Sage publications.

Sentencing, Section V. (n.d.). Retrieved from



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