There are differences in eating habit between men and women and their eating habit is based on several factors. Studies have found that men tend to eat more compared to women. This study, therefore, intends to investigate the eating habit or pattern between men and women in the society among African society. It will focus on the eating habit and what influence the eating habit of both men and women in the society. It also investigates the number of food men and women eat to determine their habit of eating. In order to present a comprehensive study, the literature review is capture, the methodology of the study, data analysis and comprehensive conclusion.
Several studies have indicated that eating habit depends on various factors such as gender, age, religion-health status (Leblanc, Louise, & Dodin, 2015, p. 25). Most people monitor their diet in order their weights, as a result of doctors advice due to a health condition, and some to keep fit due to fashion. There are differences in eating behavior between men and women in the society. It is evident that men and women have different traits when it comes to eating habit. Research has established that women tend to be very specific with what they eat, while men could eat anything which comes on their way. Ladies consider a lot of things before they eat certain food which men do not unless an individual under health instruction by a doctor.
Mostly, ladies watch their eating habit more than men because of the fear of becoming an overweight which many ladies do not like. Male being muscular eat anything which comes on their way as along it is food just to fulfill their hunger. Most men eat fast and do not consider dieting as much as ladies do on their meal. Men prefer to eat junk food and fish, meat and other kinds of oily food. Most ladies prefer to eat vegetables and fruits because ladies tend to monitor their weight. However, men who eat slowly are considered to be less muscular, therefore, the eating habit between men and women is very different. Research has also established that ladies eat food with fewer or no calories because many of them do not want to add weight (Creek, 2014, p. 14). Ladies are obsessed with their body size, weight and always feel that eating food which contains calories will make them shapeless and obese. It is because most of them are not satisfied with their body size and weight and would want to lose them.
The result from a study conducted by GrubHub indicates a different result based on healthy eating. The report indicates that men have a healthy meal in the restaurant compared to ladies (GrubHub, 2018, p. 12). It further indicates that ladies prefer to eat salad and other junk food from the restaurants which have a lot of calories. Analysis of food delivery from GrubHub network shows that most orders are usually placed by women and therefore, women eat a lot of restaurant food than men. The pizza and fries and soda and most ordered by men and women, not men alone. It is, therefore, women and men eat junk food alike but the quantity of junk is what makes the difference. It has been established that men eat a lot of food compared to women (Slim, 2014, p. 5).
There are differences between men and women attaining weight loss. Men prefer to lose weight by doing exercise daily and ladies achieve weight loss by dieting and it is the reason ladies eat a lot of vegetables, fruit, and calories foods. However, ladies prefer to lose weight to remain slim and become stylish simply because other people are doing similar. In this regard, the eating between men and women is different and men eat a lot than women. Research has shown that the people who become obese are not only because of poor eating habit but some as a result of genetic. It is common for African Americans and it is the reason there are several obese among African Americans. However, the percentage of obese or overweight is common and growing at a higher rate in the developed countries compared to other developing nations. It is as a result of the poor eating habit of the majority of people from developed countries. Studies have established that people eat a lot of junk food in developed countries compared to other parts of the world (Shiferaw, Linda, & Hillary, 2012, p. 12).
In order to complete the research accurately and comprehensive, quantitative and qualitative techniques shall be used to gather data and analyze. The primary research was conducted from the field where participants were given questionnaires to answer for further analysis. Secondary research involved the use of different literature from the cadmic journals, articles, and books. However, the research will be conducted using Google Scholar, Sage Journal, and library where books and other useful materials were utilized to make sure that the objectives of the study are achieved.
The study conducted in the community of British African where 20 participants answered questions from questionnaires. However, to get good representation which can reflect the view of the society, the participants shall be aged between 17 years to 45years. The selection of the participants shall be based on age, family background, and level of education, gender and marital status as well. The participants were recruited through telephones where they were invited to a community center where questionnaires and discussion took place.
Apparatus or materials
Several materials were used to make sure that the research is done and completed within the time required. Therefore, notebooks, laptop, statistic software known as SPSS and excel and pens were used to conduct the research and to make sure the study is completed with the time given.
The primary research was conducted through questionnaire whereby participants were given questionnaires to answer and submit. Each participant was expected to answer the questionnaire and submit back for analysis. No participants were expected to leave the interview center with questionnaires to make sure that the information obtained is accurate. First, the participants were grouped based on age, marital status and level of education. This was done to make sure that the information obtained has a good representative of the community (Brian, 2016). Each participant handed over his her questionnaire to the interviewer.
However, the secondary data or literature was done through research using various academic databases such as Google Scholar and Sage. First, a search was conducted using keywords and the result shall be analyzed to make sure that the best and relevant academic journals and articles are obtained. The first search was subjected to critical analysis based on data publication, qualification of the author and the topic of the article so that only relevant and accurate information is used to complete the study.
Analysis and Presentation of Primary Data
The result of the data obtained shows that 80% of women practicing dieting or watching their eating habit while only 40% of men do watch their eating habit. It also established that majority of women who monitor their eating habit are white British at an average of 40%, followed by British Asians 36%, British Caribbean at 305, British African 25% and Black African 15% and the rest 14%. It is also obtained that majority of women take fast food compared to men. The analysis of the data revealed that 48% of women take fast food at lunchtime compared to men at 41%. The data also indicates that men take a lot of 43% of men take s sandwich compared to women 385 and, therefore, it means that men eat a lot of sandwiches when compared to women. The study also indicates that many men prefer the homemade food at 47 % compared to women 45% and therefore, the majority of women eat from restaurant compared to men.
The study also revealed that religion also determines the eating habit of people. It is revealed that 60% of participants respect their religion and also guided by their religion when it comes to the type of food which they eat. The study indicates that Muslim and Hindu are majorly affected and they do not eat certain food because of their religion. It is also established that majority of people consider the food they eat as important. According to the study, 70% of people consider food they eat as important. However, 60% of men do not consider food they eat as important while 80% of women consider food they eat as important. The study indicates 80% of ladies do like eat food while only 55% of men eat fruit more often. And when it comes to vegetable 60% of women prefer vegetable while 40% of men prefer eating a vegetable. It is clear that majority of men prefer eating heavy food compared to women. The study indicates that 70% of men eat heavy food especially during lunch and super while 48% of women eat heavy food.
The analysis of data also revealed that most ladies consider their eating habit healthy compared to men. It is indicated that 45% of women think their eating habit is healthy while 34% think it is not and the rest do not know. However, the majority of men believe their eating habit is not healthy and according to the study, 48% of men think their eating habit is not healthy 30% think it is healthy and the rest do not care. Therefore, the study revealed a common trend which is happening in the society and it is clear that women monitor their eating habit than women.
Reflection of Observation
It is observed that men eat more food than ladies and a majority of ladies observe their weight to keep them fit and slim. It is also observed that men eat more carbohydrates and protein food and this is due to the kind of work they do. However, ladies prefer vegetable and fruits. Through the study, it is observed that ladies eat more often but less quantity compared to men.
Based on the result of the study, it is evident that men and women have a different eating habit. The result indicates that men eat food with a lot of calories compared to women. It also discovered that women eat a lot of fruits and vegetable for them to maintain their body size and to avoid adding more weight. Analysis of literature revealed that eating too much food with a lot of calories adds weight can cause some disease and therefore, men do exercise to remove calories. In brief, the eating habit of men and women are different and it depends on the age of an individual, health status and the kind of lifestyle an individual is having. However, a proper balance should be practiced by everyone to avoid getting a disease related to unbalanced diet and to keep fit as well.
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4. Shiferaw, B., Linda, V., & Hillary, B. (2012). Sex-Based Differences in Food Consumption:
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