Diabetes is a term used to describe a set of metabolic illnesses in which a person might have high or low levels of glucose, either due to insufficient production of insulin or because the body does not respond to insulin properly. Whether through education or interactions with people with diabetes, the purpose of this paper is to provide information that can improve health outcomes in all types of diabetes. People should be experts in their own conditions. Therefore we are seeking to bring power where it belongs.
There are different types of Diabetes: Type 1, type 2, gestational and Juvenile diabetes. While type 1 and type 2 diabetes are considered as having higher levels of blood glucose, the cause of the two conditions is distinct. Juvenile diabetes, on the other hand, can be described as diabetes in the young. Diabetes type 1 often affects 90% of people younger than 25 years. Gestational diabetes is one of the most common metabolic diseases among young people. However, there is no clear definition of a young person in the context of gestational diabetes. Most people often refer to a young person as being below the age of 16 years.
Since the different types of diabetes can be wide-ranging and random, it is usually a problem to know the type an affected individual has. In some cases, when one is doubting the type of diabetes they might have, it is important to visit a health practitioner in order to have a specialized test. Type 1 diabetes can be treated using Insulin together with recommended dietary changes. Type 2, on the other hand, can be managed using non-insulin management, weight reduction, and exercise. The choice of medication for type 2 diabetes is often individualized, considering the effectiveness and the side effects of the preferred medication, and the cost of medication.
Adherence to dietary guidance is a fundamental aspect to control blood sugar among people with any type of diabetes. A number of factors come into play when choosing the right diet. This includes the type and amount of carbohydrates consumed as well as the amount of fat and proteins contained. For all diabetic individuals, the total recommended amount of calories should be divided evenly into three meals a day, with snacks for juvenile patients. A small amount of glucose is allowed when a person takes them in a complex meal
Treating gestational diabetes is designed at retaining blood sugar levels equal to those of expectant women without the condition. Treatment and management of gestational diabetes involve special meals and scheduled exercise. It might also include insulin injection and glucose testing.
Treatment for type 1 and type 2 diabetes is a permanent procedure that involves regular checking of blood sugars on a regular basis, insulin therapy, regular exercise, and proper diet even for children. As a child grows, so will his or her treatment plan. Therefore is important to check and record the sugar levels at least several times a day.
Knowing the impact of diabetes on the short-term and the long-term helps diabetic people take care of themselves and prevent diabetic complications from developing. Many of the short-term effects of diabetes include high blood pressure, high levels of cholesterol, and a lack of control of blood sugar levels. In the long-term effects, the impact of diabetes is noticeable through classic signs such as increased thirst, and blockage of blood vessels and nerves. This can affect any part of the body.
This paper has discussed the subject of diabetes and how it can be managed. It has also discussed the key structures and processes that are fundamental in controlling blood sugar levels and discusses the impact of diabetes both in the short-term and long-term. The difference between the different types of diabetes has also been highlighted.