Designing the Research Study
In designing or planning our research topic, we decided to choose the qualitative approach to help in studying our topic of research about fitness programs in avoiding obesity. There are some variables involved in researching the role of fitness programs in preventing obesity in children. The independent variable is fitness programs, while the dependent variable is obesity. Obesity is affected by the introduction of fitness programs. When fitness programs are incorporated in schools and homes, the obesity rate in children is expected to decrease.
In measuring these two variables, we researched the obesity trends in some patients(children). Obesity is measured using the Body Mass Index(BMI), which is attained by dividing one’s weight(kilograms) by one’s height in M2(meters squared). Other methods of measuring obesity include the Waist-to-Hip ratio and Waist circumference method. We choose a small sample of patients to help measure our variables.
In this topic of research, we selected the quantitative method to conduct the research. The quantitative research method is concerned with collecting and converting information composed of variables measured numerically so that statistical procedures can be done and conclusions are drawn. We studied the relationship between fitness programs and how they affect the obesity rate in children.
We used the survey research method to draw conclusions and get our data. The survey method includes taking samples from individuals in a population. The survey method entails longitudinal and cross-sectional studies using interviews and questionnaires. The survey research method includes data collection techniques such as the use of questionnaires and interviews with the intention of getting a general numeric description of a population that is being studied. We used several modes to administer the survey to the sample population. We performed online surveys and also personal in-home surveys to reach our sample population.
Stice, E., Shaw, H., & Marti, C. N. (2006). A meta-analytic review of obesity prevention programs for children and adolescents: the skinny on interventions that work. Psychological Bulletin, 132(5), 667.