The long and succinct process of decolonization is going on in the African states. The process is still in progress after the fifty years of western rule. The people of the Congo think that the demands of the colonial states are mostly reflected in the indirect implications of the current and the neighboring states. Other than the African continent many countries have the idea that they are still colonize because they cannot address their basic needs, they have no proper structure; they have no effective representation at the international level. They cannot protect the occupation of foreign country. The imposition of increase taxes, production of the crop, and other basic problems of the people residing in Congo reveals that independence is still a dream for them. The unfulfilled aspirations of decolonization from the last fifty years resulted in the present day violence in the state of Congo. However, the focus on one or particular issue will not serve the purpose unless reforms in the state administration and policy actions.
The prevalence of the corruption and the corrupt practices have contributed in destruction of the African States. Congo in this regard is one of the major discussed country by scholars and the representatives at international level. Different literary figures have discuss the country problems and the effects of imperialism in their writing. Right from the Joseph Conrad heart of the darkness to the Mission Song of the Johan Le Carr the cultural representation of Congo, sway over the countries of Africa in both economic and culture. The novel of the Joseph Conrad for some reflect the racism in his writing while serious analysis reveals that it has best depicted the picture of colonialism.
In the various discussion and representation, Congo have the salient position. One of the writer Polanyi in nineteen fifty seven concluded that those residing in periphery could not save themselves from any form of colonization. The imperialism destroys those pre capitalist societies including their neighborhood and the other organic societies (Newbury, 2012). Similarly, in Congo the search for the minerals has influence the demolition of the said communities. The state of Congo has experience the number of wars, which also halted the process of decolonization. The present dominant narratives and the crises are violence, illegal exploitation of the resources, frequent sexual abuse with girls and the women, and the main important issue is the reconstruction of the state authority.
The writer of the dangerous tales argues that certain narratives are two complex and they divert the attention of the researchers and the writer over the real problems. He further explain the taking of mineral resources as the cause of war in eastern Congo is simple and it overlooks other issues like corrupt practices, land conflicts, poverty, hostile relationship among the state officials and social antagonism. The real problem behind the war was the response of the global powers, which was based on the three different goals. Those three issues were helping the state authority in extending its powers, caring the victims of sexual violence, and regulating the trade of the minerals and resources. Boomerang affects would be there if the literary or sensible social actors would focus on individual case point.
There are number of other issues that requires attention of the writers. The decolonization process is going on from the last fifty years. What are the essential and most dominant crises and issues face by the state of Congo should be address first and then socialist should look at the minor and usual problems. The Autesserre also argues that just focusing on the sexual violence will also divert attention from the issue of victims of war along with the rape with boys, which is four to ten percent of all the victims of rape. Since the conception of Congo, the state is predatory where people experience the exploitation, suppression, and face the state as threatening machinery (Autesserre, 2012). They are unfortunate in seeing their state as the structured set of government for the protection of their lives.
The focus on the building of the state according to the Autesserre is the peculiar example of predatory state. The colonial powers have justify their claim of colonialism by arguing in the fictions that Africans are less than the humans and are not able to entitle them as the amenities of the civilization. Such kind of behavior had severely affected the state of Congo in getting out of the colonialism. The African continent is gradually divesting from the links of neo colonial, which played dominant role after their independence. Some African are producing the nostalgia in remembering those worse experiences (Van 2015). The process of decolonization is thus moving on and the more attention required for overhauling the internal deficiencies.
Concluding the discussion the post-colonial Congo have certain aspirations, which includes the loss of state responsibility towards the citizens. The result of this corruption can be analyze by the factors of invasion, despair and the extraction. Riches curse is the curse of the venality. There is seems no end of this curse. However, the people and the citizens of the Congolese still hopeful about their future. The people could imply other sources and ways to speed up the process of decolonization. The diaspora community can provide visionary and effective leadership to provide progressive economic future. The only solution that can pay the price of last fifty years of negligence towards the decolonizing of Congolese people.
Newbury, David. “The continuing process of decolonization in the Congo: fifty years later.” African Studies Review 55, no. 1 (2012): 131-141.
Autesserre, Séverine. “Dangerous tales: Dominant narratives on the Congo and their unintended consequences.” African Affairs 111, no. 443 (2012): 202-222.
Van Beurden, Sarah. “The art of (re) possession: heritage and the cultural politics of Congo’s decolonization.” The Journal of African History 56, no. 1 (2015): 143-164.
- Newbury, David. “The continuing process of decolonization in the Congo: fifty years later.” African Studies Review 55, no. 1 (2012): 131-141. ↑
- Autesserre, Séverine. “Dangerous tales: Dominant narratives on the Congo and their unintended consequences.” African Affairs 111, no. 443 (2012): 202-222. ↑
- Van Beurden, Sarah. “The art of (re) possession: heritage and the cultural politics of Congo’s decolonization.” The Journal of African History 56, no. 1 (2015): 143-164. ↑