Academic Master

Software Engineering

Cyber security and Cyber crime Paper

Abstract

Soon after the invention of the internet, a new virtual world called the cyber world came into being and with this, a new pattern and channel of social connections arose in the shape of social networking websites and apps. Historically it is known that bullying was accepted in approximately all communities among adolescence. The government had initially didn’t focused on it and just ignored it in the past because of the higher number of adolescents as well as teenagers being involved in it. With the arrival of social networking websites and apps, the crime ratio has increased and more realized at the same time. Apps and websites of social networking are taking action against cyberbullying. Currently, the federal government has acted wisely and rapidly against cyberbullying which helped in the reduction of this crime in many communities of the United States. Precautions against cybercrime are disseminated and people are made aware of privacy issues and campaigns so that the amount of danger can be reduced as much as possible.

Keywords: Criminal attempt, Cyberbullying, adolescents.

Introduction

Cyber security and cybercrime are the main issues among many nations and they are facing severe damage from it. Cyberbullying is one of the problems related to cybercrime in which an individual use electronic sources like phone, the internet, chat forums, and other communication means to threaten or harass another person. The use of technology to harass others has become increasingly common. This trend is common in adolescents physically but some of the worst cases are seen in the professional office environments in which the colleagues attempted this crime which resulted in severe insults and even suicide attempts. Cyberbullying is currently at its peak among adolescents and the affected community is also teenagers. Currently, the federal government has acted wisely and rapidly against cyberbullying which helped in the reduction of this crime in many communities of the United States. The main aim of the paper is to discuss the history of the laws on bullying as well as the current statute of different states of The United States as well as the comparison of the situations of the past and present. 

Elements of Historical Common Law

Historically it is known that bullying was accepted in approximately all communities among adolescence. There are many key democratic changes in the overall United States The evolution by the means of the flow of information, combination, and educational technologies have helped the educational system to develop and modernize. This modernization had both positive as well as negative impacts on society and the children of very initial ages. They are tempted to do any false activity if they find any chance because of their volatile nature and are easily tempted for that. Due to racism and class differences, kids were playing bullying decades ago but because of the internet and easy access to social media and electronic communication devices. One of the main factors which caused higher attention from the authorities and the government was the psychological torture through the social exploitation of an individual’s personal belongings as well as suicide attempts.

The government had initially didn’t focused on it and just ignored it in the past because of the higher number of adolescents as well as teenagers being involved in it. The Government in the past initiated its first attempts to legally act against cyberbullying by making Maryland’s Grace’s Law. This law was to combat the digital epidemic of cyberbullying and cybercrime. The cyberbullying laws were hard to implement initially. There were outnumbered teachers who had faced difficulty in the implementation of the cyberbullying laws. The school systems were recommended to develop the recording systems as well as to produce accurate results so that the government officials would understand the situation of this crime and implement some better solutions for that. Maryland’s legislation was supposed to make some important attempts that would help in the development of a system in which the schools have a positive and safe educational environment.

Elements of Current Statute

Currently, the world is changing rapidly and there is a requirement in the advancement of the laws to handle the criminal attempts which are disturbing the local communities at a very large scale. In April 2009 the bill passed with the title of 18 by the Congress of the United States was in respect of only cyberbullying. This was a good change but a difficult task for the teacher. The bullying Prevention for School Safety and Crime Reduction Act of 2003 was also implemented in California. Similarly, Florida, Georgia, and Hawaii also developed similar laws which helped to prevent bullying and attempts to harass, and high fines embarrassment and psychological sessions are arranged. It is helping highly in all over the country and reduced crime by upto 60%. Now highly monitored systems helped society to eliminate this crime completely and any try to attempt the crime is also observed on the spot.

Comparison of Historical Common Law and Current Statute

Society and social channels have changed a lot since we were kids. Purchasing devices in love with the cyber world we forget normally a great exposure to the potential danger associated with the cyber world. As discussed above cyberbullying is one of the major crimes of the cyber world and a great deal of prevalence is required against this. In the past few years, the issue has been highlighted on every major platform projecting the cyber world but unluckily it is found in research studies that the number of cases of cyberbullying has increased as compared to the earlier years. One study has depicted that the number of cases of cyberbullying crime has increased more since the year 2010. The month of October has been associated with the prevention of this crime which is a great chance to reduce the amount of exposure to the dangers of bullying in the cyber world, an epidemic being faced by our children. Statistics show that almost eighty-seven percent of children face cyberbullying, and thirty-four percent of the students have reported that they had to face cyberbullying more than once. One of the causal factors is that most kids do not turn their privacy on while being active in the cyber world.

Initially, the development of technology made youngsters feel excited about using it and they did not consider the facts of dangers associated with information and communication technology. With the arrival of social networking websites and apps, the crime ratio has increased and more realized at the same time. Apps and websites of social networking are taking action against cyberbullying by providing more and more privacy and customized dissemination of personal information

Reasons of Change

The government has made nearly complete and advanced actions against cyberbullying and cybercrime in which the schools were supposed to be safe as well as appropriate places for education. Already a good number of better socially active students have faced severe damage in their educational progress due to bullying only because of gender, religion, sexual orientation, and language differences. The changes in the laws were necessary because the electronic system had got advanced and tracking became difficult and impossible sometimes. In April 2009 the bill passed with the title of 18 by the Congress of the United States was respect only cyberbullying. It was named as the “Megan Meier Cyberbullying Prevention Act” in which the teenager who is attempting cyberbullying and because of that cyberbullying another individual commits suicide will be called a criminal. The federal Laws are giving strictness upon attempts to this crime and there are a huge number of reports came from the schools which included the students complaining about the bullying the officials have acted positively upon that and many cases were solved and the rest concluded with the psychological sessions and fines.

Recommendations

The schools have considered the internet a necessity. This is a great opportunity for the teachers and students to study the market needs which would help them to groom accordingly but there are issues that were seen because of it. The students who have open access to the internet are using social media very explicitly. That is the point when cyberbullying starts. It is recommended to teach the children not to do this and explain the side effects and damages which are happening around them. Moreover, also the parents, teachers, and the authorities are required to tell the children about cyberbullying and give them the courage to stand against cyberbullying.

Conclusion

In a nutshell, it can be explained that, conclusively, Cyberbullying is the most common cybercrime being committed on daily basis around the world. Social media websites and applications are mainly the platforms available to commit such crimes. Though the purpose of these sites is much different but has provided the offenders way new opportunities to intrude into the personal lives of people by bullying them. A number of types of cyberbullying exist and websites are taking more and more precautions in order to save individuals from this danger.

References

Jaffe, E. M. (2016). Swatting: the new cyberbullying frontier after Elonis v. United States. Drake L. Rev.64, 455.

Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2014). Bullying beyond the schoolyard: Preventing and responding to cyberbullying. Corwin Press.

Hertz, M. F., Everett Jones, S., Barrios, L., David‐Ferdon, C., & Holt, M. (2015). Association between bullying victimization and health risk behaviors among high school students in the United States. Journal of school health85(12), 833-842.

Patchin, J. W., & Hinduja, S. (2016). Bullying today: Bullet points and best practices. Corwin Press.

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